中国:在首例预防性环境公益诉讼中,法院下令立即停止戛洒江一级水电站建设项目

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31 March 2020

中国:在首例预防性环境公益诉讼中,法院下令立即停止戛洒江一级水电站建设项目

作者: 澎湃新闻

“云南绿孔雀案后续:四机构致函环境部请求撤销水电站环评批复”, 2020年3月25日

历时两年零八个月的中国首例野生动物保护预防性环境公益诉讼——“云南绿孔雀”公益诉讼案,近日获昆明市中级人民法院一审判决:被告中国水电顾问集团新平开发有限公司(以下简称“新平公司”)立即停止基于现有环境影响评价下的戛洒江一级水电站建设项目。

法院认为,原告自然之友提出的立即停止水电站建设,不得截流蓄水,不得对该水电站淹没区域植被进行砍伐的诉请具有迫切性和现实必要性,应予支持。

这种停止建设针对的是现有环评下的建设方案,对于今后是否继续建设的问题,法院判决称,应在被告新平公司按要求完成环境影响后评价之后,由相关行政部门视情况作出决定。

原告自然之友认为,这一判决意味着,戛洒江一级水电站目前只是暂时停工,并未被永久停工。此工程项目未来是否会继续建设,取决于生态环境部根据新平公司完成的环境影响后评价之后做出的决定…

 “云南绿孔雀”案判决书((2017)云01民初2299号)显示,该案属于“具有损害社会公共利益重大风险的污染环境、破坏生态的行为提起诉讼”,即预防性环境公益诉讼。

预防性环境公益诉讼是预防原则在环境司法中的体现,其适用对象是可能对环境造成的重大风险,具体表现为危害尚未发生,但如不阻止事件发生,很有可能在城严重或不可逆的环境损害事实…

 “在预防性环境公益诉讼中,通过司法判决能够对事实部分作出清晰且直接的认定这是非常重要的。”… 原告自然之友总干事张伯驹在接受澎湃新闻... 采访时表示,在“云南绿孔雀”案中,审判机构对该案的许多事实以司法审判的形式做了确认,比如审判确认了水电站淹没区是绿孔雀栖息地,该栖息地一旦淹没将对绿孔雀造成影响且影响是不可逆转的…

张伯驹认为… 基于这些通过司法审判已被认定了的事实,他表示希望第一时间向生态环境主管部门传达这些信息并且期待他们能够在行政层面有所作为,及时有效地保护珍稀濒危物种绿孔雀在中国分布的种群数量最大、面积最为完整的栖息地…

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作者: 澎湃新聞

“雲南綠孔雀案後續:四機構致函環境部請求撤銷水電站環評批复”, 2020年3月25日

歷時兩年零八個月的中國首例野生動物保護預防性環境公益訴訟——“雲南綠孔雀”公益訴訟案,近日獲昆明市中級人民法院一審判決:被告中國水電顧問集團新平開發有限公司(以下簡稱“新平公司”)立即停止基於現有環境影響評價下的戛洒江一級水電站建設項目。

法院認為,原告自然之友提出的立即停止水電站建設,不得截流蓄水,不得對該水電站淹沒區域植被進行砍伐的訴請具有迫切性和現實必要性,應予支持。

這種停止建設針對的是現有環評下的建設方案,對於今後是否繼續建設的問題,法院判決稱,應在被告新平公司按要求完成環境影響後評價之後,由相關行政部門視情況作出決定。

原告自然之友認為,這一判決意味著,戛洒江一級水電站目前只是暫時停工,並未被永久停工。此工程項目未來是否會繼續建設,取決於生態環境部根據新平公司完成的環境影響後評價之後做出的決定…

“雲南綠孔雀”案判決書((2017)雲01民初2299號)顯示,該案屬於“具有損害社會公共利益重大風險的污染環境、破壞生態的行為提起訴訟”,即預防性環境公益訴訟。

預防性環境公益訴訟是預防原則在環境司法中的體現,其適用對像是可能對環境造成的重大風險,具體表現為危害尚未發生,但如不阻止事件發生,很有可能在城嚴重或不可逆的環境損害事實…

“在預防性環境公益訴訟中,通過司法判決能夠對事實部分作出清晰且直接的認定這是非常重要的。”… 原告自然之友總幹事張伯駒在接受澎湃新聞... 採訪時表示,在“雲南綠孔雀”案中,審判機構對該案的許多事實以司法審判的形式做了確認,比如審判確認了水電站淹沒區是綠孔雀棲息地,該棲息地一旦淹沒將對綠孔雀造成影響且影響是不可逆轉的…

張伯駒認為… 基於這些通過司法審判已被認定了的事實,他表示希望第一時間向生態環境主管部門傳達這些信息並且期待他們能夠在行政層面有所作為,及時有效地保護珍稀瀕危物種綠孔雀在中國分佈的種群數量最大、面積最為完整的棲息地…

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作者: CGTN

“Green peafowl's last habitat vs. 3.7-billion-yuan dam”, 21 March 2020

The Kunming Intermediate People's Court… ordered the construction halted for a hydropower dam in southwest China's Yunnan Province as it threatens the last major habitat of the endangered green peafowl. The landmark decision came almost three years after the green peafowl lawsuit was filed to stop constructing the hydropower station on Jiasa River, a stretch of Red River in the province.

The lawsuit drew intensive public attention because it was the country's first environmental public interest case aimed at preventing the loss of an endangered species, and also because of the uncertainty that lies ahead for both humans and wildlife…

The rich river resources in Yunnan offers hydropower potentials because of the sharp drops in altitude. However, the construction of dams has always drawn heated debates over its impact on environment and the relocation of local residents.

The construction of the Jiasa Hydropower Plant was estimated to cost 3.7 billion yuan (532 million U.S. dollars) and is capable of generating 270 megawatts of electricity. 

The construction of the plant started in March 2016. A year later, green peafowls were discovered in the valleys of the region, a fact which could proves flaws in the project's environmental assessment process. 

In March 2017… Wild China Film, and two other environmental groups "Friends of Nature" and "Shan Shui," brought an environmental public interest case against the construction company and assessment agency. Later that year, following an assessment by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the construction was suspended…

Three years later, the Kunming Intermediate People's Court issued a first-instance judgment demanding the construction work on the dam be stopped. It also ordered water not to be exploited and stored, or plants be cut in the hydropower station's submerged area. The court ruled that follow-up treatment for the station would be determined by authorities based on a post-environmental impact assessment, meeting the Ministry of Ecology and Environment requirements, and a report of potential improvement steps should be done.

As the campaign to preserve biodiversity won, marking a significant step in China's ecological conservation effort, uncertainty still lurks. Environmental organizations worry that after a reassessment of the dam, the project could still come back to life. But the lawsuit, undoubtedly, puts more pressure on construction companies to make a thorough assessment when construction projects meet a biodiversity hotspot…

In the eyes of the local villagers, who have been living in poverty due to remote location and lack of local industries, the suspension of the hydropower plant construction was not a happy ending. The project could bring obvious benefits to locals, such as government subsidies and more importantly, job opportunities.

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