中国:食品配送司机投诉支薪不足、工作过劳和工作环境危险

虽然中国的食品配送行业正在扩张,但食品配送司机的工作条件已成为人们关注的焦点,因为他们投诉支薪不足、工作过劳和工作环境危险。

一些食品配送司机说,他们被迫在极端天气下工作。根据《中国劳工通讯》的工伤事故地图,单在8月份就有12宗食品配送司机的意外,2019年上半年食品配送司机发起33次罢工。

由阿里巴巴拥有的Ele.me和由腾讯支持的美团是中国两家领先的食品配送公司。在媒体邀请置评时,美团在一份声明中说他们「为确保其网络中的送货司机的福利和安全做出了巨大努力...」和「利用先进技术使司机送货更安全」,而ele.me没有回应多个置評請求。

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作者: China Labour Bulletin (Hong Kong)

“Food delivery drivers forced to work in extreme weather shows absence of regulation”, 6 September 2019

The dreadful working conditions of Chinese food delivery drivers returned to the spotlight in August, as many workers reported that they were forced to take orders during a tropical storm, when demand for food delivery surged.

One Ele.me motorist said all drivers had been threatened by management with a penalty if they refused a dispatch when being called back to work in extreme weather…

Another driver in Shanghai died electrocuted in a storm on 10 August while trying to go across a large puddle of water with his motorcycle… CLB’s work accident map documented 11 cases of accidents in August, in which 3 workers died and 8 were injured.

… Drivers are considered merely as ‘independent contractors’ when demands about pension and work injury insurance arise and yet cannot refuse to work in bad weather. Being ‘independent contractors’ do not bring them the right to choose whether to work or not, and they are moreover forced to keep on accepting deliveries because of fines and intense exploitation.

Alongside work accidents, four protests related to food delivery drivers were also recorded on CLB’s Strike Map, denouncing mainly low pay and wage arrear...

Regulations on the new platform economy are obviously lacking. In this new and yet fast-growing sector, labour relations between companies and workers are unclear as most drivers only complete simple procedures on the app. Problems related to income calculation, pay scale and work injury insurance are major areas where disputes arise.

Governments in other countries have already started to address some of these issues…

… Most food delivery drivers are without any labour contract in China and existing laws are inadequate to handle issues like fake distance calculation and concealed penalties. As protests and strikes of drivers continue to erupt in all major cities in China, it is high time for the official trade union to step in and help workers hold bargaining meetings with the platforms. [Also referred to Meituan]

[Business and Human Rights Resource Centre tried to reach out to ele.me and Alibaba for company response, both companies could not be reached]

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作者: 中国劳工通讯(香港)

“食品配送司机被迫在极端天气下工作 反映缺乏监管”, 2019年9月6日

中国食品配送司机恶劣的工作条件在8月再次成为关注焦点,因为许多工人报称,在热带风暴期间,当食品配送需求激增时,他们被迫接受订单。

一名Ele.me司机说,如果他们在极端天气被叫回去工作时拒绝派遣,所有司机都受到了管理层的威胁。

8月10日,上海的另一名司机在一场暴风雨中试图用他的摩托车越过一大片水时死亡... 中国劳工通讯的工伤事故地图记录了8月发生的11宗事故,其中3名工人死亡,8人受伤。

...当出现养老金和工伤保险的要求时,司机被视为「独立承包商」, 但他们不能拒绝工作。作为「独立承包商」并没有赋予他们选择是否工作的权利,而且由于罚款和强烈剥削,他们还被迫继续接受交付工作。

除了工伤事故之外,中国劳工通讯罢工地图还记录了四宗与食品配送司机有关的抗议活动,主要是关于低工资和拖欠工资...

现时显然缺乏关于新平台经济的规管。在这个新兴且发展迅速的行业中,公司与员工之间的劳资关系尚不清楚,因为大多数司机只在应用程序上完成简单的程序。与收入计算、薪酬等级和工伤保险相关的问题是产生纠纷的主要领域。

其他国家的政府已经开始解决其中一些问题...

...大多数食品配送司机在中国没有任何劳动合同,现行法律不足以处理虚假距离计算和隐藏处罚等问题。随着中国所有主要城市的司机抗议和罢工继续爆发,正式工会现在应该介入并帮助工人与平台举行讨价还价会议。 [报道也提及美团]

[企业责任资源中心尝试邀请ele.me和阿里巴巴公司作出回应]

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9 September 2019

中国:食物配送司机被逼在恶劣天气下工作 反映监管不足

作者: 中国劳工通讯(香港)

“食品配送司机被迫在极端天气下工作 反映缺乏监管”, 2019年9月6日

中国食品配送司机恶劣的工作条件在8月再次成为关注焦点,因为许多工人报称,在热带风暴期间,当食品配送需求激增时,他们被迫接受订单。

一名Ele.me司机说,如果他们在极端天气被叫回去工作时拒绝派遣,所有司机都受到了管理层的威胁。

8月10日,上海的另一名司机在一场暴风雨中试图用他的摩托车越过一大片水时死亡... 中国劳工通讯的工伤事故地图记录了8月发生的11宗事故,其中3名工人死亡,8人受伤。

...当出现养老金和工伤保险的要求时,司机被视为「独立承包商」, 但他们不能拒绝工作。作为「独立承包商」并没有赋予他们选择是否工作的权利,而且由于罚款和强烈剥削,他们还被迫继续接受交付工作。

除了工伤事故之外,中国劳工通讯罢工地图还记录了四宗与食品配送司机有关的抗议活动,主要是关于低工资和拖欠工资...

现时显然缺乏关于新平台经济的规管。在这个新兴且发展迅速的行业中,公司与员工之间的劳资关系尚不清楚,因为大多数司机只在应用程序上完成简单的程序。与收入计算、薪酬等级和工伤保险相关的问题是产生纠纷的主要领域。

其他国家的政府已经开始解决其中一些问题...

...大多数食品配送司机在中国没有任何劳动合同,现行法律不足以处理虚假距离计算和隐藏处罚等问题。随着中国所有主要城市的司机抗议和罢工继续爆发,正式工会现在应该介入并帮助工人与平台举行讨价还价会议。 [报道也提及美团]

[企业责任资源中心尝试邀请ele.me和阿里巴巴公司作出回应]

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作者: Nick Aspinwall, The Nation (USA)

“China’s Delivery Drivers Rage Against the Algorithm”, 21 August 2019

Underpaid and overworked, drivers for food delivery apps like Meituan and Ele.me are speaking out about brutal hours and dangerous conditions…

In China, the [food delivery] industry boom has been catalyzed by low delivery fees, aggressive marketing strategies, and a fleet of over 3 million drivers who are increasingly accustomed to poor safety conditions, decreasing wages, and fewer guarantees of consistent work.

In the first half of 2019, the Hong Kong–based China Labour Bulletin, which tracks labor movements in China, recorded 33 strikes by food delivery drivers, compared to 48 in all of 2018 and just eight in 2017, according to researcher Aiden Chau…

Aside from unannounced wage cuts, striking workers also reported being assigned impossibly short delivery times, leading to more road accidents involving delivery drivers. Independent contractors face liability should they get into a collision–and according to multiple drivers, they are docked pay, or suspended by the platform, if even a single order is late…

Ele.me, owned by tech giant Alibaba, and the Tencent-backed Meituan are already locked in a vicious price war to conquer the lion’s share of China’s roaring food delivery market. The companies… combine for a whopping 90 percent market share…  

These strategies have allowed China’s food delivery industry to grow three times larger than that of the United States, while keeping its delivery costs at around 10 to 20 percent of US standards—aided in large part by millions of low-wage workers, most of whom are hired as independent contractors and do not receive social benefits…

… food delivery is especially dangerous in China: Drivers for Meituan and Ele.me generally make less than $1 per order and break traffic rules to deliver them all on time… in Shanghai, 76 injuries and deaths of drivers had been recorded by police in the first half of 2017.

… Last summer, striking Meituan drivers complained that delivery times had been shortened and that the app’s built-in map assigned unsafe routes by showing distances far shorter than those shown by other online maps.”…

When reached for comment, Meituan said in a statement that it “has created millions of jobs” in China and “has made substantial effort to ensure the welfare and safety of delivery drivers in its network,” including providing periodic safety training and making it mandatory for drivers to be insured. Meituan also said it “leverages advanced technologies to make deliveries safer for riders,” such as smart scooters and headsets. Ele.me did not respond to multiple requests for comment…[Also referred to UberEats, Grubhub, Postmates, Caviar and Jasic Technology]

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文章
23 August 2019

中国:食品配送司机投诉支薪不足、工作过劳和工作环境危险

作者: Nick Aspinwall, The Nation (美国)

[此翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

 “中国的配送司机对这种算法表示愤怒”,2019年8月21日

支薪不足和工作过劳,像美团和Ele.me这些食品配送应用程式的司机正在讲述残酷的工作时间和危险的工作环境...

在中国,[食品配送]行业的繁荣得益于低速递费用、积极的营销策略以及有超过三百万名司机的车队,这些司机越来越习惯于恶劣的安全条件、工资下降,对连贯工作的保证也减少。

根据研究员Aiden Chau的说法,2019年上半年,追踪中国劳工运动、在香港的中国劳工通讯记录了食品配送司机的33次罢工,2018年全年有48次,2017年只有8次。

除了没有宣布的减薪之外,罢工工人还说,他们被指派的速递时间很短,导致涉及配送司机的道路交通事故更多。独立承包商如遇​​到碰撞就会面临责任 - 并且根据多个司机的说法,即使单个订单迟到,他们也会被扣工资,或被平台暂停...

由科技巨头阿里巴巴拥有的Ele.me和由腾讯支持的美团已经陷入了恶性价格战,以征服中国蓬勃发展的食品配送市场中的最大份额。这些公司...共占了高达90%的市场份额....

这些策略使中国的食品配送行业增长大于美国三倍,同时其速递成本维持为美国标准的约10%至20% - 这在很大程度上得益于数百万低薪工人,其中大多数是被聘为独立承包商,没有社会福利...

...中国的食品配送尤其危险:美团和Ele.me的司机通常每个订单赚取少于1美元,而且违反交通规则以准时配送... 在上海,在2017年上半年,警方已经记录了76宗司机受伤和死亡事故。

...去年夏天,罢工的美团司机抱怨说,配送时间缩短了,应用程式的内置地图分配了不安全的路线,这些路线显示的距离比其他在线地图显示的距离短得多...

美团在作出评论时,在声明中表示它「已在中国创造了数百万个工作岗位」并「为确保其网络中的送货司机的福利和安全做出了巨大努力」,包括定期提供安全培训并强制执行为司机投保。美团还表示,它「利用先进技术使司机送货更安全」,例如智能踏板车和耳机。 Ele.me没有回复多个评论请求...... [报道也提到了UberEats,Grubhub,Postmates,Caviar和Jasic Technology]

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+ 繁體中文 - 隐藏

作者: Nick Aspinwall, The Nation (美国)

[此翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

 “中国的配送司机对这种算法表示愤怒”,2019年8月21日

支薪不足和工作过劳,像美团和Ele.me这些食品配送应用程式的司机正在讲述残酷的工作时间和危险的工作环境...

在中国,[食品配送]行业的繁荣得益于低速递费用、积极的营销策略以及有超过三百万名司机的车队,这些司机越来越习惯于恶劣的安全条件、工资下降,对连贯工作的保证也减少。

根据研究员Aiden Chau的说法,2019年上半年,追踪中国劳工运动、在香港的中国劳工通讯记录了食品配送司机的33次罢工,2018年全年有48次,2017年只有8次。

除了没有宣布的减薪之外,罢工工人还说,他们被指派的速递时间很短,导致涉及配送司机的道路交通事故更多。独立承包商如遇​​到碰撞就会面临责任 - 并且根据多个司机的说法,即使单个订单迟到,他们也会被扣工资,或被平台暂停...

由科技巨头阿里巴巴拥有的Ele.me和由腾讯支持的美团已经陷入了恶性价格战,以征服中国蓬勃发展的食品配送市场中的最大份额。这些公司...共占了高达90%的市场份额....

这些策略使中国的食品配送行业增长大于美国三倍,同时其速递成本维持为美国标准的约10%至20% - 这在很大程度上得益于数百万低薪工人,其中大多数是被聘为独立承包商,没有社会福利...

...中国的食品配送尤其危险:美团和Ele.me的司机通常每个订单赚取少于1美元,而且违反交通规则以准时配送... 在上海,在2017年上半年,警方已经记录了76宗司机受伤和死亡事故。

...去年夏天,罢工的美团司机抱怨说,配送时间缩短了,应用程式的内置地图分配了不安全的路线,这些路线显示的距离比其他在线地图显示的距离短得多...

美团在作出评论时,在声明中表示它「已在中国创造了数百万个工作岗位」并「为确保其网络中的送货司机的福利和安全做出了巨大努力」,包括定期提供安全培训并强制执行为司机投保。美团还表示,它「利用先进技术使司机送货更安全」,例如智能踏板车和耳机。 Ele.me没有回复多个评论请求...... [报道也提到了UberEats,Grubhub,Postmates,Caviar和Jasic Technology]

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