中国: 欧盟商会称对新反恐法仍存关切, 新法要求科技企业协助解密信息
作者: Sui-Lee Wee, New York Times (USA)
"As Zeal for China Dims, Global Companies Complain More Boldly", 19 Apr 2017
…In late March, a group of more than 50 American lawmakers sent a letter to the Chinese ambassador to the United States, Cui Tiankai, taking direct aim at China’s restrictions on cloud computing. They wrote that current and draft regulations would force the transfer of valuable intellectual property to Chinese companies and effectively bar foreign cloud service providers “from operating or competing fairly in China.”…James McGregor, chairman of the greater China region for…APCO Worldwide [said]... “Foreign businesses here used to be very excited about China...Now, it’s kind of a grind and a battle.”…
Still, executives say complaining can have an impact. Earlier…Mr. Obama publicly criticized proposed Chinese rules that would require technology companies to turn over encryption keys to Chinese authorities. His administration had also expressed concern about Chinese draft regulations that would require China’s financial sector buy only from “secure and controllable” suppliers, which trade groups said effectively meant Chinese companies. In both cases China relented, temporarily scrapping the banking laws and tempering the language in the antiterrorism law… [mentions Alibaba, Amazon, Microsoft & Qualcomm]
作者: 刘珞焱, 路透
作者: 劉珞焱, 路透
作者: Ben Blanchard, Reuters
The European Chamber of Commerce in China still has concerns about China's new counter-terrorism law despite some of the more contentious cyber elements of it being dropped…The [new] controversial law…requires technology firms to help decrypt information, but not install security "backdoors" as initially planned. A provision in an initial draft that would require companies to keep servers and user data within China was also removed from the final law.
"The European Chamber recognises the positive developments in terms of removing the language that required the submission of encryption codes and server/data localization from the final version," it said in a statement. Much will depend on the implementation, it said. "Some concerns remain over issues such as market access, intellectual property rights, and the obligation to monitor, report and censor terrorist content," the statement said…
China's government has said companies need not fear the law, saying intellectual property rights would be respected and that many Western countries had similar laws…The law had attracted deep concern in Western capitals, not only because of worries it could violate human rights such as freedom of speech, but because of the cyber provisions…
作者: Doug Young, Forbes
"US Tech Firms Protest Beijing Security Rules", 9 Feb 2015
…[The latest] trend is seeing China launch new initiatives aimed at protecting its national interests…Chinese regulators are often also quick to implement new instructions from Beijing, and craft plans without thorough reviews and consideration…
…Beijing…reacted [to the Edward Snowden scandal] by assuming that foreign tech companies work hand-in-hand with their local governments...the US…government made similar assumptions…ban[ning] the import of all Chinese telecoms networking equipment from major exporters Huawei and ZTE in 2013. China has imposed several smaller but similar restrictions on foreign tech equipment sellers over the last 2 years. But the move gained momentum last month when Beijing said all foreign firms that sold networking equipment to Chinese banks would have to make their products available for government audits, and also give their source code to Beijing.
American firms…formally issu[ed] a protest letter through the US Chamber of Commerce last week, calling the new rules “intrusive”, and calling China’s approach to cybersecurity “opaque” and “discriminatory”…China responded…that it would “protect the legitimate interests of foreign companies in accordance with the law”…