美国:建筑工人控告博华太平洋及其承包商强迫劳动和人口贩运

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10 November 2019

分析师指中国应采取行动打击“一带一路”项目中的侵犯人权行为

作者: William Nee, 国际特赦组职

[此中文翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

 “现在是中国在“一带一路”项目上采取行动打击侵犯人权的时机”,2019年11月3日

…2017年,该设施在太平洋上的美国联邦岛上开业后不久,美国联邦政府调查发现,该项目的总承包商和中国一间国有企业的子公司中冶集团(MCC)向数百名建筑工人少付了数百万美元。

几个月前,中冶集团的几名前雇员对公司提起诉讼,指控其进行强迫劳动、人口贩运,并且未能为他们在从事赌场项目时遭受的身体伤害赔偿。公司经理还因违反联邦移民和就业法而被判入狱。

中冶集团在香港证券交易所(HKEX)上市,自2013年以来,香港证券交易所已要求上市公司提交有关其运营中人权风险的 “环境,社会与治理” (ESG)年度报告。理论上,此类报告应有助公司发现问题并减轻其影响。但是,对于违反者几乎没有后果,许多公司都不遵守。

国际特赦组职审查了中冶集团提交的2016年,2017年和2018年“环境,社会与治理”报告,以及这些年公司的企业社会责任(CSR)报告,但没有提及塞班岛的项目,更不用说那里发生的虐待事件了…

中冶集团金仍未纠正所有侵犯人权的行为。尽管中冶集团为由联邦政府调查发现、违反最低工资的规定而向工人作出赔偿,但2019年的诉讼凸显出许多受伤的工人仍未获得补偿。

塞班案清楚地表明,CSR和ESG自发报告系统有所不足。但是应该如何改进它们?

通过在“一带一路”倡议(BRI)中的项目设定高标准,中国可以成为这领域的领导者,而不是看着公司从事侵犯人权的行为…

中国应依法要求所有参与“一带一路”倡议的公司按照国际标准进行人权尽职调查。这意味着公司不仅必须提交报告,而且还必须识别、预防、减轻和考虑其(及其子公司)运营对人权的影响。

应该赋予中国政府机构更大的权力,以惩罚不合格的公司。侵犯人权行为的受害者也应能够通过法院或其他机制对犯罪实体寻求补救。

这种情况并不像听起来那样牵强。去年11月,北京宣布在海外经营的中国公司必须遵守当地法律,并遵守《联合国企业与人权指导原则》…

如果中国通过并执行一项法律,要求其公司实施和公开披露此类做法,它将发出一个有意义的信号,表明它在认真地保护人权,并有可能提高“一带一路”倡议的形象…

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作者: William Nee, 國際特赦組織

[此中文翻譯由企業責任資源中心提供]

“現在是中國在“一帶一路”項目上採取行動打擊侵犯人權的時機”,2019年11月3日

…2017年,該設施在太平洋上的美國聯邦島上開業後不久,美國聯邦政府調查發現,該項目的總承包商和中國一間國有企業的子公司中冶集團(MCC)向數百名建築工人少付了數百萬美元。

幾個月前,中冶集團的幾名前僱員對公司提起訴訟,指控其進行強迫勞動、人口販運,並且未能為他們在從事賭場項目時遭受的身體傷害賠償。公司經理還因違反聯邦移民和就業法而被判入獄。

中冶集團在香港證券交易所(HKEX)上市,自2013年以來,香港證券交易所已要求上市公司提交有關其運營中人權風險的 “環境,社會與治理” (ESG)年度報告。理論上,此類報告應有助公司發現問題並減輕其影響。但是,對於違反者幾乎沒有後果,許多公司都不遵守。

國際特赦組職審查了中冶集團提交的2016年,2017年和2018年“環境,社會與治理”報告,以及這些年公司的企業社會責任(CSR)報告,但沒有提及塞班島的項目,更不用說那裡發生的虐待事件了…

中冶集團金仍未糾正所有侵犯人權的行為。儘管中冶集團為由聯邦政府調查發現、違反最低工資的規定而向工人作出賠償,但2019年的訴訟凸顯出許多受傷的工人仍未獲得補償。

塞班案清楚地表明,CSR和ESG自發報告系統有所不足。但是應該如何改進它們?

通過在“一帶一路”倡議(BRI)中的項目設定高標準,中國可以成為這領域的領導者,而不是看著公司從事侵犯人權的行為…

中國應依法要求所有參與“一帶一路”倡議的公司按照國際標准進行人權盡職調查。這意味著公司不僅必須提交報告,而且還必須識別、預防、減輕和考慮其(及其子公司)運營對人權的影響。

應該賦予中國政府機構更大的權力,以懲罰不合格的公司。侵犯人權行為的受害者也應能夠通過法院或其他機制對犯罪實體尋求補救。

這種情況並不像聽起來那樣牽強。去年11月,北京宣佈在海外經營的中國公司必須遵守當地法律,並遵守《聯合國企業與人權指導原則》…

如果中國通過並執行一項法律,要求其公司實施和公開披露此類做法,它將發出一個有意義的信號,表明它在認真地保護人權,並有可能提高“一帶一路”倡議的形象…

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作者: William Nee, Amnesty International

“Time for China to take action against human rights abuses on its Belt and Road projects”, 3 November 2019

… In 2017, shortly after the facility opened on the island, part of a US commonwealth in the Pacific, a US federal government investigation found that Metallurgical Corporation of China (MCC) – the project’s general contractor and a subsidiary of a Chinese state-owned conglomerate – had underpaid millions of US dollars to hundreds of construction workers.

A few months ago, several former MCC employees sued the company for forced labour, human trafficking, and failing to compensate them for the physical injuries they suffered while working on the casino project. A company manager also spent time in jail for violating federal immigration and employment laws.

MCC is listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEX), which, since 2013, has required listed companies to file an annual “Environmental, Social and Governance” (ESG) report on human rights risks in their operations. In theory, such reporting should encourage companies to identify problems and mitigate their effects. But there are few consequences for violators and many companies do not comply.

Amnesty International reviewed the ESG reports filed by MCC for 2016, 2017 and 2018, as well as the company’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) reports for those years, but found no mention of the project in Saipan – let alone the abuses that occurred there…

MCC still has not remedied all human rights abuses. While MCC contributed to compensating workers for the minimum wage violations uncovered by a federal government investigation, the 2019 lawsuit highlights that many injured workers remain uncompensated.

The Saipan case clearly shows that the CSR and ESG self-reporting systems are broken. But how can they be improved?

Rather than watching as its companies engage in human rights abuses, China could become a leader in this area by setting high standards for projects in its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)…

China should legally require all companies participating in BRI to carry out human rights due diligence in line with international standards. This means companies must not only file reports, but also identify, prevent, mitigate and account for the human rights impacts of their (and their subsidiaries’) operations.

Chinese government agencies should be given greater powers to punish companies who fall short. Victims of human rights abuses should also be able to seek remedies against the perpetrating entities through courts or other mechanisms.

Such a scenario isn’t as far-fetched as it may sound. This past November, Beijing proclaimed that Chinese companies operating overseas must observe local laws and adhere to the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights…

If China passed – and enforced – a law that required its companies to implement and publicly disclose such practices, it would send a meaningful signal that it was serious about protecting human rights and potentially enhance the image of the BRI…

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20 July 2019

美国:对博华太平洋及其承包商的劳工案件将在塞班岛继续进行

作者: 塞班论坛报(美国)

“对博华太平洋及其两个承包商的劳工案件可以继续”,2019年6月26日

塞班岛联邦地方法院决定... 允许七名中国建筑工人对赌场运营商博华太平洋国际(北马里亚纳群岛自由邦)有限责任公司及其两家承包商继续进行强迫劳动和人口贩卖诉讼。

案件( Wang, et al. v. Gold Mantis Construction Decoration (CNMI), LLC, et al., 18 Civ. 0030)涉及原告在塞班岛博华太平洋赌场和度假村项目上的工作所产生的索赔。第一次修订的投诉引发了根据联邦 「人口贩运受害者保护重新授权法案 (Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act)」和「北马里亚纳群岛自由邦反贩运法(CNMI Anti-Trafficking Act)」对强迫劳动和人口贩运的索赔,以及根据北马里亚纳群岛自由邦法律就原告在该项目中遭受的身体伤害提出的索赔。原告正在为他们的伤病和痛苦以及惩罚性损害寻求金钱赔偿。这些索赔中的每一项都是针对案件中的三名被告:博华太平洋国际,中国中冶塞班国际和金螳螂建筑装饰公司(北马里亚纳群岛自由邦)...

在2019年4月30日,被告提出动议驳回对他们的各种指控。然而,在2019年6月24日的决定中,首席法官Ramona V. Manglona否决了所有被告的动议。法院认定「...原告对每个被告都提出了合理的[强迫劳动]索赔。」

三名被告中的每一位必须在14天内对第一次修改的投诉作出答复...

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作者: 塞班論壇報(美國)

“對博華太平洋及其兩個承包商的勞工案件可以繼續”,2019年6月26日

塞班島聯邦地方法院決定... 允許七名中國建築工人對賭場運營商博華太平洋國際(北馬里亞納群島自由邦)有限責任公司及其兩家承包商繼續進行強迫勞動和人口販賣訴訟。

案件( Wang, et al. v. Gold Mantis Construction Decoration (CNMI), LLC, et al., 18 Civ. 0030)涉及原告在塞班島博華太平洋賭場和度假村項目上的工作所產生的索賠。第一次修訂的投訴引發了根據聯邦「人口販運受害者保護重新授權法案(Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act)」和「北馬里亞納群島自由邦反販運法(CNMI Anti-Trafficking Act)」對強迫勞動和人口販運的索賠,以及根據北馬里亞納群島自由邦法律就原告在該項目中遭受的身體傷害提出的索賠。原告正在為他們的傷病和痛苦以及懲罰性損害尋求金錢賠償。這些索賠中的每一項都是針對案件中的三名被告:博華太平洋國際,中國中冶塞班國際和金螳螂建築裝飾公司(北馬里亞納群島自由邦)...

在2019年4月30日,被告提出動議駁回對他們的各種指控。然而,在2019年6月24日的決定中,首席法官Ramona V. Manglona否決了所有被告的動議。法院認定「...原告對每個被告都提出了合理的[強迫勞動]索賠。」

三名被告中的每一位必須在14天內對第一次修改的投訴作出答复...

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作者: Saipan Tribune (USA)

"Labor case vs IPI, its two contractors can proceed", 26 June 2019

The federal district court on Saipan decided… to allow the forced labor and human trafficking claims of seven Chinese construction workers against casino operator Imperial Pacific International (CNMI) LLC and its two contractors to proceed.

The case, Wang, et al. v. Gold Mantis Construction Decoration (CNMI), LLC, et al., 18 Civ. 0030, involves claims arising from the plaintiffs’ work on the Imperial Pacific casino and resort project on Saipan. The first amended complaint brings claims for forced labor and human trafficking under the federal Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act and the CNMI Anti-Trafficking Act, as well as claims under CNMI law for the physical injuries the plaintiffs suffered on the project. Plaintiffs are seeking monetary compensation for their injuries and pain and suffering, as well as punitive damages. Each of these claims is brought against the three defendants in the case: Imperial Pacific International, MCC International Saipan Ltd. Co., and Gold Mantis Construction Decoration (CNMI), LLC…

On April 30, 2019, the defendants filed motions to dismiss the various claims against them. However, in a decision dated June 24, 2019, Chief Judge Ramona V. Manglona denied all of the defendants’ motions. The court found that “…plaintiffs have stated a plausible [forced labor] claim against each defendant.”

Each of the three defendants must file an answer to the first amended complaint within 14 days...

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企业回应
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作者: Imperial Pacific International

Imperial Pacific International (CNMI) LLC (“IPI”) appreciates the opportunity your organization has offered for us to respond.  As you may know, the plaintiffs first sued over a year ago the companies (“Gold Mantis” and M.C.C.”) who employed them, and that these companies were also the contractors on the Imperial Pacific International (CNMI) LLC (“Imperial Pacific’s”) Hotel-Casino-Resort construction project.  Imperial Pacific was subsequently included as an additional party in the plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint this year.  Because this case involves active litigation, I have advised Imperial Pacific against responding with any further detail to the media and other parties.  Please note that that Imperial Pacific both supports and strives to comply with all federal and local labor and safety laws and regulations aimed at protecting workers from harm and safeguarding their rights, including expecting our contractors to be compliant with these same laws and regulations, and Imperial Pacific will vigorously defend itself in this case.

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作者: Inside Asian Gaming

“Imperial Pacific to pay US$3.36 million fine for labor violations”, 12 April 2019

Imperial Pacific International will pay US$3.36 million in back wages, liquidated damages and civil monetary penalties to the US Department of Labor following the latter’s investigations into labor violations on the site of IPI’s under-construction Saipan integrated resort.

The violations, committed by IPI’s contractors, relate to a failure to pay minimum wages or overtime and to maintain satisfactory records during a near two-year period from January 2016 to December 2017. The consent judgement, filed in the District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands, was signed this week by IPI Chairwoman Cui Li Jie, according to a report by Marianas Variety. Under the judgement, IPI will also “amend [its] payroll practices and require all contractors to amend and maintain their payroll practices by paying all employees an hourly rate in compliance with minimum wage and overtime provision of the labor law.”…

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26 April 2019

美国:塞班岛赌场运营商博华太平洋被罚款336万美元

作者: Author: 马应龙, 环球博讯, Published on: 25 April 2019

“博华太平洋被罚交336万美元”, 2019年4月12日

塞班岛赌场运营商博华太平洋国际公司将向美国劳工部支付336万美元的拖欠工资、违约赔偿金和民事罚款。博华太平洋主席崔丽杰… 签署了在北马里亚纳群岛地方法院提交的同意判决书。

根据判决,博华太平洋还将“修改[其]工资单做法,并要求所有承包商修改和维持其工资单做法,按照最低工资和劳动法的加班规定,按小时支付所有员工的费用。” 这笔336万美元的付款包括158万美元的退款工资,158万美元的违约赔偿金和200,000美元的民事罚款…

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作者: Author: 馬應龍, 環球博訊, Published on: 25 April 2019

“博華太平洋被罰交336萬美元”, 2019年4月12日

塞班島賭場運營商博華太平洋國際公司將向美國勞工部支付336萬美元的拖欠工資、違約賠償金和民事罰款。博華太平洋主席崔麗杰… 簽署了在北馬里亞納群島地方法院提交的同意判決書。

根據判決,博華太平洋還將“修改[其]工資單做法,並要求所有承包商修改和維持其工資單做法,按照最低工資和勞動法的加班規定,按小時支付所有員工的費用。” 這筆336萬美元的付款包括158萬美元的退款工資,158萬美元的違約賠償金和200,000美元的民事罰款…

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