美国:据报,“许多”塞班岛上的中国建筑工人在修建帝国太平洋赌场(Imperial Pacific casino)的过程中受伤或死亡;公司否认指控

…在帝国太平洋国际控股有限公司(Imperial Pacific International Holdings Ltd.)…建筑工地上(位于美国塞班岛),数百名中国工人正在修建一座巨大的赌场,他们中有数十人持旅游签证,属于非法打工。很多劳工受到伤害…帝国太平洋国际控股有限公司表示对违反安全规定和非法雇佣工人的问题均不知情,该公司的承包商应承担相应的负责。然而,公司的说法经不起推敲。…

获取这些结果的RSS提要

以下是所有相关材料

其他文章
+ English - 隐藏
其他文章
+ English - 隐藏
文章
2 December 2018

博客:塞班再次出现劳动剥削:20年的努力带来了哪些变化?

作者: Aaron Halegua, New York University School of Law

太平洋上塞班岛的劳工问题…再次成为头条新闻…这一次,劳动剥削的受害者是来自中国的建筑工人。…北马里亚纳群岛联邦的立法委员……授予香港帝国太平洋国际公司修建一家赌场酒店的独占许可。帝国太平洋公司随后雇佣了大批中国建筑公司… 

一些公司强迫工人每天工作13个小时,没有节假日;公司仅支付最低工资,还供应生虫的饭菜。工人的居住条件非常差,护照被公司没收。工人的受伤率远高于平均水平,数名工人因工死亡。为了隐瞒使用非法劳工的问题,这些公司不让工人去医院接受治疗……

在应对措施中有一些积极的因素…职业安全与健康管理局(Occupational Safety and Health Administration)起诉这些中国公司犯有数十项“严重违法”行为。…司法部就非法雇佣劳工和将中国移民带入美国境内对公司经理发起刑事诉讼。…美国劳工部已与四家中国建筑公司达成和解协议,要求他们向2400多名工人支付拖欠工资和违约赔偿金1390万美元。…从法律角度而言,美国劳工部与上述公司达成的和解协议中有一项特别重要的条款,即要求建筑公司报销工人们在中国支付的招聘费…

此次塞班事件的结局并不完美。虽然中国工人得到了一些补救,但替代他们的工人也受到了虐待…制衣行业的教训也适用于此:切实的改变需要在供应链的顶端实现问责…

按此查看全文

+ 繁體中文 - 隐藏

作者: Aaron Halegua, New York University School of Law

太平洋上塞班島的勞工問題…再次成為頭條新聞…這一次,勞動剝削的受害者是來自中國的建築工人。 …北馬里亞納群島聯邦的立法委員……授予香港帝國太平洋國際公司修建一家賭場酒店的獨占許可。帝國太平洋公司隨後僱傭了大批中國建築公司…

一些公司強迫工人每天工作13個小時,沒有節假日;公司僅支付最低工資,還供應生蟲的飯菜。工人的居住條件非常差,護照被公司沒收。工人的受傷率遠高於平均水平,數名工人因工死亡。為了隱瞞使用非法勞工的問題,這些公司不讓工人去醫院接受治療……

在應對措施中有一些積極的因素…職業安全與健康管理局(Occupational Safety and Health Administration)起訴這些中國公司犯有數十項“嚴重違法”行為。 …司法部就非法僱傭勞工和將中國移民帶入美國境內對公司經理髮起刑事訴訟。 …美國勞工部已與四家中國建築公司達成和解協議,要求他們向2400多名工人支付拖欠工資和違約賠償金1390萬美元。 …從法律角度而言,美國勞工部與上述公司達成的和解協議中有一項特別重要的條款,即要求建築公司報銷工人們在中國支付的招聘費…

此次塞班事件的結局並不完美。雖然中國工人得到了一些補救,但替代他們的工人也受到了虐待…製衣行業的教訓也適用於此:切實的改變需要在供應鏈的頂端實現問責…

按此查看全文

文章
+ English - 隐藏

作者: Aaron Halegua, New York University School of Law

Labour practices on the Pacific island of Saipan...are making headlines again...This time around, the victims of labour abuse were migrant construction workers from China...CNMI legislators...granted an exclusive license to build and operate a hotel and casino to Imperial Pacific, a Hong Kong-based company. Imperial Pacific then hired numerous Chinese construction firms...

The firms forced employees to work 13-hour days, offered no day off, paid below minimum wage, served insect-infested meals, provided abysmal living quarters, and confiscated worker passports. Injury rates on the site were far above average; several workers died; and in an effort to conceal the illegal workforce, the firms avoided taking workers to the hospital for treatment...

However, there have been a few positive elements in the response to this episode...The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) charged the Chinese firms with dozens of “serious violations”...The Department of Justice criminally prosecuted firm managers for illegal employment and immigration practices...[T]he U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL) reached settlements requiring four of the Chinese construction firms to pay USD 13.9 million in back wages and liquidated damages to over 2,400 employees...

From a legal perspective, one particularly significant aspect of the USDOL settlements is that the compensation included reimbursement by the construction firms of the recruitment fees paid in China by the workers...

This chapter of the Saipan saga does not have an entirely happy ending though. While some remedy was obtained for the Chinese migrants, the workers who replaced them also suffered abuses...The lesson learned with the garment industry is equally applicable here: meaningful change requires accountability at the top of the chain...

[Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Imperial Pacific International, China Metallurgical (MCC) and Gold Mantis Construction Decoration to respond to the lawsuit filed in the federal court for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands by seven Chinese laborers against them for alleged forced labor and other claims. 
Imperial Pacific International responded. China Metallurgical (MCC) and Gold Mantis Construction Decoration did not respond]

按此查看全文

文章
+ English - 隐藏

"Imperial Pacific sues Bloomberg, 2 reporters", 11 June 2018

BLOOMBERG L.P.  and two of its reporters have been sued in Hong Kong by Imperial Pacific International Holdings Ltd. and its subsidiary Imperial Pacific (CNMI) LLC. The High Court of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s Court of First Instance has issued a writ of summons to Bloomberg L.P., the New York- based business and market-news organization The news organization was named first defendant in the lawsuit. Its reporters Matthew Campbell and K. Oanh Ha were named second and third defendants. Asked for comment, Imperial Pacific said it will “defer  comment about the on-going defamation lawsuit filed in Hong Kong to the parties in that jurisdiction.” Variety was unable to get a comment from Bloomberg... Bloomberg has been posting news articles critical of Imperial Pacific which is constructing a casino-resort on Saipan. In March, Bloomberg reported that the casino operator was “raided by U.S. agents” which IPI denied. In its latest Hong Kong Stock Exchange financial declaration, IPI said it has already spent an estimated $650 million in connection with the design, engineering, construction materials and labor for its Saipan casino-resort project.

按此查看全文

文章
+ English - 隐藏

作者: Matthew Campbell & K Oanh Ha, Bloomberg (USA)

"Saipan Casino Operator Raided by U.S. Agents", 15 Mar 2018

U.S. federal agents raided a Saipan office of Imperial Pacific International Holdings Ltd... [I]nvestigators took documents from the office, said the people, who were granted anonymity to discuss a non-public matter... In a statement to the Hong Kong stock exchange Thursday, Imperial Pacific said “there was no raid by U.S. agents on any of its offices, its casino, or buildings.”...Since arriving on Saipan in 2014, the company has become the dominant force on the island... It has made millions of dollars in payments to Governor Ralph Torres’s extended family... The governor and his relatives have said they have not acted improperly.  It’s not clear what the aim of last week’s raid was, but it was at least the second time that U.S. law-enforcement officials have made inquiries related to Imperial Pacific’s casino project in Saipan.[I[ March 2017. U.S. prosecutors...  charged several employees of Imperial Pacific construction contractors with offenses related to using undocumented labor. Some pleaded guilty. Imperial Pacific said at the time that it had no knowledge of workers being employed illegally.

按此查看全文

文章
+ English - 隐藏

作者: Imperial Pacific (on Marianas Variety)

Imperial Pacific International (CNMI), LLC repudiates all allegations of wrongdoing published by Bloomberg in its Feb. 15, 2018 article.

Imperial Pacific reassures the public that it strives for nothing less than full compliance with all laws and regulations of the CNMI and the United States. Moreover, Imperial Pacific remains steadfast about meeting its obligations to contribute to the development of the gaming and resort industries in the CNMI. Even more importantly, Imperial Pacific is committed to becoming a good corporate citizen and community member, and is equally grateful to its employees, their families, the private and public sectors, and the people of the CNMI for their work and support...

Imperial Pacific believes that the article is just another enumeration of false claims similar to those in similar Bloomberg articles involving Imperial Pacific. It is apparent that the article was written to attack Imperial Pacific, its owners and agents, the Commonwealth Casino Commission, the CNMI government and its leaders, and individual members of the CNMI community.

Imperial Pacific is concerned about Bloomberg’s actions to undermine confidence in the casino gaming industry, the company, its dedicated employees, and the people of the CNMI. Defending against fake-news-like attacks or tactics from global media is difficult.

Nonetheless, Imperial Pacific remains dedicated to the CNMI, and Imperial Pacific will explore all legal remedies available at law and take legal action where warranted.

按此查看全文

文章
+ English - 隐藏

作者: Matthew Campbell, Bloomberg Businessweek

...At a…Imperial Pacific International Holdings Ltd...construction site [on the American island of Saipan], it was building a gargantuan casino with a crew of hundreds of Chinese, scores of them working illegally on tourist visas. So many laborers were getting hurt that [Doctor] Rohringer’s colleagues began keeping an unofficial spreadsheet, separate from standard hospital record...The dead man Rohringer saw…was a builder…plummeted from a scaffold. His colleagues hadn’t called 911; instead, they’d pulled the work clothes off his broken body in a clumsy attempt to obscure his identity…

…Imperial Pacific has made millions of dollars in payments to family members of the territory’s governor, Ralph Deleon Guerrero Torres…In a written response to questions from Bloomberg Businessweek, Imperial Pacific said it has “strived and [is] committed to comply with local and federal laws” and that it “categorically denies” impropriety in its dealings with the government. Torres’s office said that all changes to laws or policies were undertaken “with the intent of achieving economic growth within the boundaries of the law.”...

Last May, after Imperial Pacific requested permission for its “soft opening,” a special body appointed to supervise the development delivered a scathing private report to Governor Torres. According to a person who saw the document, it warned about metal debris scattered on the casino roof, which could turn into deadly projectiles in one of the typhoons that regularly batter the island; structural steel that appeared to be missing bolts; and columns with kinks that could indicate a risk of catastrophic collapse. The report urged Torres to keep the public out until Imperial Pacific could guarantee safety. But the governor rejected the advice, according to the person familiar with the report. The government later removed the supervisory body’s oversight. (The governor’s office told Bloomberg Businessweek it was assured by engineers the site was safe; Imperial Pacific said it complied with all building regulations.)

...[F]ederal prosecutors acting on FBI investigations charged several employees of the contracting companies building the casino with immigration violations; some pleaded guilty. Separately, a U.S. Department of Labor inspector said in a court declaration that the rate of injuries on the site “greatly exceeds the national average.” The inspector described one worker arriving at the ER with a broken back and a doctor advising immediate hospitalization. But someone intervened. “The injured person was not allowed to be admitted, and was promptly transported” to China.

Imperial Pacific has said that it had no knowledge of safety violations or workers being employed illegally and that both were the responsibility of its contractors. But these claims don’t withstand much scrutiny. The contractors’ office was rented by Imperial Pacific and, according to a former employee who worked there, shared with its staff. Additionally, a safety expert who worked on the construction site told me that Imperial Pacific was deeply involved with selecting and supervising contractors.

The expert described the job as one of the most challenging of his career, with widespread dangers. Generators weren’t properly grounded, workers were missing basic equipment such as safety glasses and correct footwear, and welders lacked anything like the necessary training to handle torches. Once, he said, he was forced to compress a three-hour safety briefing into one hour. His job included ensuring compliance with U.S. regulations, and he said Imperial Pacific ignored three written pleas to stop work. (The company disputed this.) Eventually he quit.

Imperial Pacific has said it’s now confident that construction workers are legally employed and that its site is complying with safety rules. Yet gruesome injuries continued after the FBI action. In late September a worker received a severe electric shock, almost losing a limb. A video of the aftermath shows him writhing on the ground next to the casino, screaming. Although most of the undocumented workers were flown home after the FBI arrests, a group of about 35 initially refused to leave, saying they hadn’t been paid as promised…

按此查看全文