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联合国人权理事会会议(2013-14)

探索资源,决议,声明和评论

联合国人权理事会会议

2013年8月,在拉丁美洲和加勒比地区企业与人权区域论坛上,以及后来在2013年9月联合国人权理事会第二十四届会议上,厄瓜多尔代表在联合国面前就“跨国公司与人权”发表了声明。厄瓜多尔政府在此声明中提出了一项具有法律约束力的商业和人权国际文书,该文书将在联合国系统内缔结。所设想的文书“将澄清跨国公司在人权领域的义务”,并“规定在国内管辖权显然无法解决的情况下为受害者建立有效的补救办法”。该宣言得到了非洲集团,阿拉伯集团,巴基斯坦,斯里兰卡,吉尔吉斯斯坦,古巴,尼加拉瓜,玻利维亚,委内瑞拉和秘鲁的支持。一百多个区域和国际人权组织和社会运动对请愿书表示欢迎。厄瓜多尔政府采取的行动于2014年12月3日至4日在日内瓦举行的第二届商业与人权论坛上得到批准。2014年6月,联合国人权理事会通过了该决议。

联合国人权理事会第三十一届会议(2016年2月29日至24日,日内瓦)

2016年3月11日,各国讨论了跨政府工作组有关跨国公司和其他企业人权问题的第一届会议报告

联合国人权理事会第二十六届会议(2014年6月10日至27日,日内瓦)

在日内瓦联合国人权理事会第二十六届会议上,提出了两项​​决议,供理事会通过。第一项是厄瓜多尔和南非起草的一项决议,玻利维亚,古巴和委内瑞拉也签署了该决议。它最初于6月19日提交,然后于6月24日更新。它得到了20个国家的支持,并指示“建立一个不限成员名额的跨政府工作组,其任务是拟订一项有关跨国公司和其他商业企业在人权方面具有法律约束力的国际文书。”另一个是由挪威起草并得到44个共同提案国支持并由所有区域以协商一致方式通过的决议。它最初于6月12日提交,然后于6月17日至23日更新。其中包括要求联合国工作组编写一份报告,其中应考虑到具有法律约束力的文书的利弊。


6月26日,联合国人权理事会通过了厄瓜多尔和南非的决议。票数:20票赞成(阿尔及利亚,贝宁,布基纳法索,中国,刚果,科特迪瓦,古巴,埃塞俄比亚,印度,印度尼西亚,哈萨克斯坦,肯尼亚,摩洛哥,纳米比亚,巴基斯坦,菲律宾,俄罗斯,南非,委内瑞拉,越南),14票反对(奥地利,捷克共和国,爱沙尼亚,法国,德国,爱尔兰,意大利,日本,黑山,韩国,罗马尼亚,马其顿,英国,美国)和13票弃权(阿根廷,博茨瓦纳,巴西,智利,哥斯达黎加,里卡,加蓬,科威特,马尔代夫,墨西哥,秘鲁,沙特阿拉伯,塞拉利昂,阿联酋)。 6月27日,安理会以协商一致方式通过了挪威的决议。

日内瓦湖上涨潮“ - 我们就这些发展的分析

人权监察(Human Rights Watch )说:“企业需要制定更严格的人权规则,但联合国决定发展仅涵盖跨国公司的国际条约的决定受到主要政府的反对和其狭窄授权的损害。联合国的决定过于狭窄,因为它只关注跨国公司,而不会涉及尊重人权的国家或其他企业。” ESCR网络企业问责制工作组(ESCR-Net Corporate Accountability Working Group)发布了一份声明,呼吁人权理事会的政府确保所有商业企业,而不仅仅是跨国公司,都是新的规范国际发展的主题。

国际雇主组织(International Organisation of Employers)在一份声明中表示,它对通过厄瓜多尔决议破坏了三年前在联合国指导原则的认可下达成的关于企业和人权的一致共识表示``深切遗憾'';投票是正在进行的旨在改善人权和实地获得补救的努力的“真正挫折”;人权理事会已决定恢复指导原则的“过去失败的做法,这些做法与迅速推进执行工作的目标截然相反”。

[DOC] Elaboration of an international legally binding instrument on Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with respect to human rights
Ecuador & So. Africa's draft resolution tabled for adoption by the UN Human Rights Council, 24 Jun 2014
Signed by Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, South Africa, Venezuela 
[PDF] version of 19 Jun 2014

[DOC] Human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises
Norway's draft resolution tabled for adoption by the UN Human Rights Council, 23 Jun 2014 
Signed by Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Colombia, France, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Iceland, India, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Serbia,the former Yugoslavia, Turkey 
[PDF] version of 17 Jun 2014
[PDF] version of 12 Jun 2014

Resolution «Human Rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises» adopted in the Human Rights Council
Permanent Mission of Norway in Geneva, 27 Jun 2014

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评论和媒体报道

Significant vote at the UN Human Rights Council: ray of hope to address corporate abuses, yet important concerns remain
Intl. Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), 9 Jul 2014

Binding and non-binding as they please
Thalif Deen, Nation (Sri Lanka), 6 Jul 2014

Center of Concern Welcomes Decision by UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to Move Towards a Treaty to Hold Transnational Corporations (TNCs) Accountable to Human Rights
Center of Concern, 3 Jul 2014

UN to outlaw corporations' human rights abuses
Lucia Ortiz, The Ecologist, 1 Jul 2014

UN to draft treaty on human rights violation by multinationals
Nitin Sethi, Business Standard, 1 Jul 2014

Human Rights Council: Historic resolution adopted for a legally binding instrument on TNCs
Kinda Mohamadieh, Third World Network, 30 Jun 2014

UN Business & Human Rights Framework: Engaging new action at national and international level to stop abuses, CIDSE, 30 Jun 2014

Despite Contentious Treaty Vote, Employers Reaffirm Commitment to UN Principles on Business and Human Rights
United States Council for International Business, 30 Jun 2014

ICC disappointed by Ecuador Initiative adoption
International Chamber of Commerce, 30 Jun 2014

Human Rights Council renews mandate of the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights, FIDH, 28 Jun 2014

After Losing Vote, U.S.-EU Threaten to Undermine Treaty
Thalif Deen, IPS News, 28 Jun 2014

Human Rights Council adopts major resolutions on business and human rights but misses opportunity to protect defenders
International Service for Human Rights, 27 Jun 2014

[PDF] Statement of the ESCR-Net Corporate Accountability Working Group, 26 Jun 2014 

Ireland Reiterates Commitment to Business and Human Rights, Votes Against Resolution on Binding Standards
Shane Darcy (Irish Centre for Human Rights), on Business & Human Rights in Ireland, 27 Jun 2014

Consensus on Business and Human Rights Is Broken With the Adoption of the Ecuador Initiative
International Organisation of Employers (IOE), 26 Jun 2014

Huge Group Demand Binding Standards at “Stop Corporate Crimes and Impunity” Picket and Impunity Tour
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 26 Jun 2014

Friends of the Earth Europe calls on EU to stop sabotaging UN action against corporate human rights abuses
Treaty Alliance, 25 Jun 2014

Radio interview on the call for a binding treaty with Ana Maria Suarez Franco from FIAN International
Treaty Alliance, 25 Jun 2014

CSOs urge PH government to push for HR binding treaty in Geneva
Jaybee Garganera, ATM , 24 Jun 2014

Decisive 24 Hours: Treaty Alliance Organizations in Geneva Hope for Sincere Attempts to Combine Resolutions
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 25 Jun 2014

[PDF] Support at the U.N. Human Rights Council for a Resolution to Begin a Process for Establishing a Treaty on the Issue of Business and Human Rights
Okereke Chinwike (African Law Foundation), Legborsi Saro Pyagara (Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People), Nelson Nnanna Nwafor (Foundation For Environmental Rights, Advocacy & Development), 23 Jun 2014

Side Event: Towards an international legally binding instrument on business and human rights
ACT Alliance, CIDSE, Fastenopfer, Franciscans International, MISEREOR and OMCT, 24 Jun 2014

EU Aims to Scuttle Treaty on Human Rights Abuses
Thalif Deen, UN Inter Press Service (IPS), 24 Jun 2014 

Peoples Permanent Tribunal Hearing Exposes Dark State of Corporate Impunity
Treaty Alliance, 23 Jun 2014

US & EU Oppose Stronger Regulation of Corporations at HRC Despite Compatibility with Guiding Principles
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 22 Jun 2014

Historic Moment: HRC to Vote on Resolution to Create Treaty on Business and Human Rights
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 20 Jun 2014

Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples - binding regulation on corporate behaviour the "big picture" in protecting the rights of indigenous peoples
Treaty Alliance, 20 Jun 2014

A New International Debate on Human Rights and Corporations
Gonzalo Berrón, Corporate Power, 18 Jun 2014

Commitments to Human Rights
Nora Mardirossian (Treaty Alliance), 18 Jun 2014

Core Group's Surprising Maneuver Obstructs Vote on Resolution for a Binding Instrument
Nora Mardirossian (Treaty Alliance), 17 Jun 2014

Statement of His Excellency Archbishop Silvano M. Tomasi, Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva at the 26th Session of the Human Rights Council
11 Jun 2014

Friends of the Earth Intl. to release new report calling for a business & human rights treaty to protect environmental & human rights defenders
Daily Times (Nigeria), 11 Jun 2014

Letter to the UN Human Rights Council Re: Business and Human Rights
[PDF] Full letter
Human Rights Watch, 10 Jun 2014

UN Human Rights Council must act now to salvage the business and human rights agenda
Amnesty International, 9 Jun 2014

Joint written statement to UN Human Rights Council by CIDSE Bischöfliches Hilfswerk Misereor, Swiss Catholic Lenten, 26 May 2014 

联合国人权理事会第二十四届会议(2013年9月,日内瓦)

在2013年9月第24届联合国人权理事会会议上,厄瓜多尔代表在联合国面前就“跨国公司与人权”发表了声明。厄瓜多尔政府在此声明中提出了一项具有法律约束力的商业和人权国际文书,该文书将在联合国系统内缔结。所设想的文书“将澄清跨国公司在人权领域的义务”,并“规定在国内管辖权显然无法解决的情况下为受害者建立有效的补救办法”。该宣言得到了非洲集团,阿拉伯集团,巴基斯坦,斯里兰卡,吉尔吉斯斯坦,古巴,尼加拉瓜,玻利维亚,委内瑞拉和秘鲁等80多个国家的支持。一百多个区域和国际人权组织和社会运动对请愿书表示欢迎。

Statement on behalf of a Group of Countries at the 24th Session of the Human Rights Council
Republic of Ecuador, at UN Human Rights Council, Sep 2013

Statement to the Human Rights Council in Support of the Initiative of a Group of States for a Legally Binding Instrument on Transnational Corporations
Signed by over 90 civil society organisations, 13 Sep 2013