Extractive companies have had adverse impacts on a broad array of human rights, such as resettlement of communities without adequate consultation and compensation; environmental degradation and its effects on health, sources of livelihood and access to clean water; as well as charges of forced labor, rape and even extrajudicial killings by security forces protecting company assets, with some cases meeting the legal definition of corporate complicity.
- John Ruggie
Natural resources are at the beginning of every supply chain. Their development is essential to the production of energy, consumer goods and food. This means that there are high stakes involved in their use, development and depletion. Natural resources can therefore be a great source of wealth for both governments and local communities, and bring benefits to all citizens. In practice, however, investments in oil, gas, coal, minerals, renewable energy, and large-scale agriculture are often entwined with human rights abuses. This is particularly the case in some of the world’s poorest – but most resource-rich – countries. Under the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, it is the responsibility of the companies developing these resources, as well as their buyers and investors, to safeguard the human rights of workers and communities affected by their activities.
As Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege explained in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech:
We love nice cars, jewellery and gadgets. I have a smartphone myself. These items contain minerals found in our country. Often mined in inhuman conditions by young children, victims of intimidation and sexual violence. When you drive your electric car, when you use your smart phone or admire your jewellery, take a minute to reflect on the human cost of manufacturing these objects. As consumers, let us at least insist that these products are manufactured with respect for human dignity.
作者: Center for Pan-African Affairs, Friends of the Earth International and 300 others
"Global Solidarity with Communities, Indigenous Peoples and Workers at Risk from Mining Pandemic Profiteers", 2 June 2020....
作者: Center for Pan-African Affairs, Friends of the Earth International et 300 autres
« Solidarité mondiale avec les communautés, les peuples autochtones et les travailleurs menacés par l'industrie minière qui cherche à profiter de la pandémie », 2 juin 2020....
- 另见: L'industrie minière tire profit de la pandémie de COVID-19 au détriment des travailleurs, des communautés et des défenseurs des droits, selon un rapport d'ONG Pandémie de COVID-19 (Coronavirus)
- 深度追踪: Extractives Latest news on natural resources Pandémie de COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandémie de COVID-19 (Coronavirus) : Réponses apportées par les gouvernements et les entreprises Ressources naturelles