Natural Resources

 natural resources mining pit credit pixabay ronile

Extractive companies have had adverse impacts on a broad array of human rights, such as resettlement of communities without adequate consultation and compensation; environmental degradation and its effects on health, sources of livelihood and access to clean water; as well as charges of forced labor, rape and even extrajudicial killings by security forces protecting company assets, with some cases meeting the legal definition of corporate complicity.

 

- John Ruggie 

Natural resources are at the beginning of every supply chain. Their development is essential to the production of energy, consumer goods and food. This means that there are high stakes involved in their use, development and depletion. Natural resources can therefore be a great source of wealth for both governments and local communities, and bring benefits to all citizens. In practice, however, investments in oil, gas, coal, minerals, renewable energyand large-scale agriculture are often entwined with human rights abuses. This is particularly the case in some of the world’s poorest – but most resource-rich – countries. Under the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, it is the responsibility of the companies developing these resources, as well as their buyers and investors, to safeguard the human rights of workers and communities affected by their activities. 

As Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege explained in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech: 

We love nice cars, jewellery and gadgets. I have a smartphone myself. These items contain minerals found in our country. Often mined in inhuman conditions by young children, victims of intimidation and sexual violence. When you drive your electric car, when you use your smart phone or admire your jewellery, take a minute to reflect on the human cost of manufacturing these objects. As consumers, let us at least insist that these products are manufactured with respect for human dignity.

In this “Big Issue” area, discover sector-specific analysis, initiatives, and news coverage.

Extractives   Renewable Energy   Agriculture

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文章
3 April 2018
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作者: Diario Basta (México)

“Empresas hacen mal uso del agua”, 27 de marzo de 2018...

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文章
22 April 2018
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作者: Liberty Dube, The Herald (Zimbabwe)

"Marange villagers stage sponsored demo against ZCDC", 23 April 2018...

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文章
22 May 2018
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作者: Dejusticia (Colombia)

'Actores armados emergentes e industrias extractivas: nuevas amenazas contra indígenas colombianos' 8 Mayo 2018...

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材料
19 June 2018
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Indian officials have ordered the closure of the nation's second-largest copper smelting plant, owned by UK-based Vedanta, due to fears of pollution and in response to protests. Police killed 13 people in recent protests aimed at closing the plant. We...

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文章
15 July 2018

老挝:中国投资者的造纸厂释放恶臭,在当地居民中引发不适和呕吐

作者: Radio Free Asia

位于老挝南部沙湾拿吉省的一家中国商人设立的造纸厂将废水排进附近河流,导致鱼类和牲口死亡,工厂营运人已向当地政府机构请求更长的时间来排除危害当地居民的恶臭。 污水气味已经蔓延到中国太阳纸业所有的这家企业方圆5-7平方公里范围内的大量村庄…“自五月以来,造纸厂产生的恶臭引发了学生们的不适和呕吐”…工厂主已同意在15天内减轻气味…

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文章
16 July 2018
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作者: Qian Jinghua, Sixth Tone (China)

"Environmental Whistleblower Gets Prison Sentence", 12 Jul 2018...

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文章
2 August 2018
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作者: Fiacre Kombo, Agence d'information d'Afrique centrale

"Artisanat minier : le plan d’action de développement déjà disponible", 1 août 2018...

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文章
6 August 2018
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作者: Fred Muzaale, Daily Monitor (Uganda)

"Kayunga children abandon school for sand mining"...

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法律诉讼
15 August 2018
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作者: La Tribune Afrique

« Mozambique : les rubis de Montepuez, objets de toutes les convoitises », 13 août 2018...

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企业回应
14 September 2018
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作者: Marina Fabre, Novethic (France) (copyright: www.novethic.fr)

« [Le monde selon Hulot] Diamants synthétiques, or éthique… L’industrie minière peut briller autrement », 11 septembre...

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