中國:天津瑞海公司倉庫發生巨大爆炸, 超過百人遇難

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作者: BBC

"Tianjin chemical blast: China jails 49 for disaster", 9 Nov 2016

A Chinese court has handed a suspended death sentence to the head of a chemical factory for his role in blasts that killed 173 people last year. Ruihai Logistics chairman Yu Xuewei was also fined more than 700,000 yuan (about $100,000) over the disaster in the eastern port city of Tianjin. He is among 49 staff and government officials jailed for their role in the firm's illegal operations. Most of the dead were firefighters and police. Eight bodies were never found…

The Ruihai Logistics chairman was found guilty of paying bribes allowing his company to sidestep safety regulations when storing sodium cyanide and other dangerous chemicals. Others sentenced were found guilty on charges ranging from abuse of power to storing dangerous substances illegally…

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8 November 2016

天津港爆炸案49人獲刑瑞海董事長被判處死緩

作者: 李靖、鄧中豪、翟永冠,新華社

天津港“8·12”特大火災爆炸事故所涉27件刑事案件…法院...對…涉及的被告單位及24名直接責任人員和25名相關職務犯罪被告人進行了公開宣判。

…位於…天津東疆保稅港區瑞海國際物流有限公司…危險品倉庫發生火災爆炸事故,造成165人遇難、8人失踪,798人受傷住院治療…法院經審理查明…瑞海公司嚴重違反有關法律規定,是造成事故發生的主體責任單位。該公司無視安全生產主體責任…違法建設危險貨物堆場,違法經營、違規儲存危險貨物,安全管理極其混亂,安全隱患長期存在。同時,天津中濱海盛衛生安全評價監測有限公司…作為中介及技術服務機構弄虛作假、違法違規進行安全審查、評價和驗收,提供虛假證明文件,使得瑞海公司取得危險品經營資質

…瑞海公司董事長於學偉構成非法儲存危險物質罪、非法經營罪、危險物品肇事罪、行賄罪,予以數罪併罰,依法判處死刑緩期二年執行,並處罰金人民幣70萬元…瑞海公司其他7名直接責任人員分別被判處十年到三年有期徒刑不等的刑罰…

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作者: 李靖、邓中豪、翟永冠,新华社

天津港“8·12”特大火灾爆炸事故所涉27件刑事案件…法院...对…涉及的被告单位及24名直接责任人员和25名相关职务犯罪被告人进行了公开宣判。

…位于…天津东疆保税港区瑞海国际物流有限公司…危险品仓库发生火灾爆炸事故,造成165人遇难、8人失踪,798人受伤住院治疗…法院经审理查明…瑞海公司严重违反有关法律规定,是造成事故发生的主体责任单位。该公司无视安全生产主体责任…违法建设危险货物堆场,违法经营、违规储存危险货物,安全管理极其混乱,安全隐患长期存在。同时,天津中滨海盛卫生安全评价监测有限公司…作为中介及技术服务机构弄虚作假、违法违规进行安全审查、评价和验收,提供虚假证明文件,使得瑞海公司取得危险品经营资质

…瑞海公司董事长于学伟构成非法储存危险物质罪、非法经营罪、危险物品肇事罪、行贿罪,予以数罪并罚,依法判处死刑缓期二年执行,并处罚金人民币70万元…瑞海公司其他7名直接责任人员分别被判处十年到三年有期徒刑不等的刑罚…

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作者: Zheping Huang, Quartz

"A year after the Tianjin blast, public mourning and discussion about it are still censored in China", 12 Aug 2016

The Tianjin warehouse explosion [on Aug.12 last year]…took a heavy toll on the country. More than 170 were dead or missing, over 300 buildings were damaged, and 10,000 cars were decimated. The total economic loss stands at $1.1 billion…

One year on, the Tianjin blasts remain a deeply sensitive issue for Chinese authorities. About 10 family members of two firefighter victims were arrested by police when they appeared at the blast site to mourn…[on] Aug. 12… A group of home owners…protested at the scene to demand the government renovate their damaged apartments… A…report …in commemoration of the event by financial magazine Caijing has also been censored…

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作者: 艾米,法新社

"天津大爆炸一周年 事故地依然满目疮痍", 2016年8月11日

...[去年]“天津港“8·12”瑞海公司危险品仓库特别重大火灾爆炸事故”[造成]至少165人死亡,8人失踪,700多人受伤,爆炸现场产生的冲击波巨大,让超过 300栋建筑物受损,上万辆汽车被焚烧,周围环境和土壤也受到化学物质污染。天津滨海新区微博...表示...环境质量始终处于安全可控范围”。​但是,这篇…文章中,没有提到爆炸周围受到影响居民的生活状况。

…记者…发现,爆炸地周围一公里范围内被烧毁的建筑依然没有修复,被炸坏的门窗也没有得到任何修复,被炸毁或被毁坏的房屋业主依然在为能得到政府的帮助而努力…一个在爆炸地附近购买了办公室准备开办企业的人告诉…记者,他的办公室在爆炸中完全被毁…他们曾在一座楼上打出横幅,要求获得政府的帮助,但警方很快出来进行干预,但随后他们得到任何官方的协助。  一些建筑遭爆炸破坏的业主表示,为了安抚他们,政府曾建议购买受损房屋或帮助修补,但政府给出的钱远远低于市场价,即不能到别处重新置业,也不够修复所需款项。一位业主表示,有一些人接受了政府的钱,但90%的修房费还是要自己掏腰包…

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22 August 2016

中國: 天津大爆炸一周年被炸毀房屋業主依然在為得到賠償而努力

作者: 艾米,法新社

"天津大爆炸一周年事故地依然滿目瘡痍", 2016年8月11日

...[去年]“天津港“8·12”瑞海公司危險品倉庫特別重大火災爆炸事故”[造成]至少165人死亡,8人失踪,700多人受傷,爆炸現場產生的衝擊波巨大,讓超過300棟建築物受損,上萬輛汽車被焚燒,周圍環境和土壤也受到化學物質污染。天津濱海新區微博...表示...環境質量始終處於安全可控範圍”。​但是,這篇…文章中,沒有提到爆炸周圍受到影響居民的生活狀況。

…記者…發現,爆炸地周圍一公里範圍內被燒毀的建築依然沒有修復,被炸壞的門窗也沒有得到任何修復,被炸毀或被毀壞的房屋業主依然在為能得到政府的幫助而努力…一個在爆炸地附近購買了辦公室準備開辦企業的人告訴…記者,他的辦公室在爆炸中完全被毀…他們曾在一座樓上打出橫幅,要求獲得政府的幫助,但警方很快出來進行干預,但隨後他們得到任何官方的協助。一些建築遭爆炸破壞的業主表示,為了安撫他們,政府曾建議購買受損房屋或幫助修補,但政府給出的錢遠遠低於市場價,即不能到別處重新置業,也不夠修復所需款項。一位業主表示,有一些人接受了政府的錢,但90%的修房費還是要自己掏腰包…

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作者: China Labour Bulletin

‘Tianjin disaster exposes China’s compensation lottery’, 17 September 2015

The families of the 104 firefighters who died in the Tianjin warehouse explosions of 12 August will each receive 2.3 million yuan in compensation from the government. The families of the other workers who died in the Tianjin disaster will have to go through the work-related injury claims process and will probably end up with less than a million yuan…

There is no real negotiation in compensation deals: the victims are usually presented with a “take it or leave it” offer that comes with strings attached; namely absolving the authorities or the employer of any future liability…

It is important to note that the Tianjin residents were middle-class families with considerable resources, access to good legal advice and social media etc. but even they had to eventually accept what the government was offering with no questions asked. For workers with no resources and no political influence, the chances of getting a decent compensation award are minimal...the only way poorly paid rural migrant workers  can get any compensation is by organizing collectively and putting pressure on the authorities to officially recognize their occupational disease. But even this is no guarantee of decent compensation…

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作者: Chun Han Wong, Wall Street Journal (USA)

'Tianjin Blast Victims Protest for Better Compensation', 17 September 2015

A month after chemical explosions drove them from their high-rise apartments, some residents from the damaged Paradiso compound were meeting with local officials to discuss compensation when a fellow homeowner barged in…One owner in the Paradiso complex said she felt “bitterly disappointed” by the treatment of residents affected by the blasts…

Homeowners sought out neighbors from their own compound at the protests. Many had never met before the blasts. Now they were forming discussion groups on messaging apps like WeChat and QQ and researching government payouts to victims of other disasters.

…[L]ocal authorities offered to buy back apartments at a marked-up price…Local authorities have pressed owners to accept the government’s offers…“The government is trying to bully us into submission, using our employers to pressure us,” said one homeowner who works at a state-owned company…

Officials have offered an unusually large payout to relatives of the 104 firefighters killed in the blast…“A lot of media attention was focused on the young, poorly trained and poorly paid firefighters who died. As a result, the government was prepared to make a big pay-out in order to stifle any suggestion that it was dishonoring the firefighters’ sacrifice,” China Labour Bulletin said in a note…

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作者: 新华网

“最高法: 严惩危害安全生产犯罪背后的贪污贿赂和渎职犯罪”,2015年9月16日

…《最高人民法院关于充分发挥审判职能作用切实维护公共安全的若干意见》提出,结合当前形势并针对犯罪原因,既要重点惩治发生在危险化学品、民爆器材、烟花爆竹、电梯等重点行业领域企业以及港口、码头、人员密集场所等重点部位的危害安全生产犯罪,更要从严惩治发生在这些犯罪背后的国家机关工作人员贪污贿赂和渎职犯罪。既要依法追究直接造成损害的从事生产、作业的责任人员,更要依法从严惩治对生产、作业负有组织、指挥或者管理职责的负责人、管理人、实际控制人、投资人…

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22 September 2015

中國:最高法提出將嚴懲危害安全生產犯罪背後的貪污賄賂與瀆職犯罪

作者: 新華網

“最高法: 嚴懲危害安全生產犯罪背後的貪污賄賂和瀆職犯罪”,2015年9月16日

…《最高人民法院關於充分發揮審判職能作用切實維護公共安全的若干意見》提出,結合當前形勢並針對犯罪原因,既要重點懲治發生在危險化學品、民爆器材、煙花爆竹、電梯等重點行業領域企業以及港口、碼頭、人員密集場所等重點部位的危害安全生產犯罪,更要從嚴懲治發生在這些犯罪背後的國家機關工作人員貪污賄賂和瀆職犯罪。既要依法追究直接造成損害的從事生產、作業的責任人員,更要依法從嚴懲治對生產、​​作業負有組織、指揮或者管理職責的負責人、管理人、實際控制人、投資人…

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