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聯合國人權理事會會議(2013-14)

探索資源,決議,聲明和評論

聯合國人權理事會會議

2013年8月,在拉丁美洲和加勒比地區企業與人權區域論壇上,以及後來在2013年9月聯合國人權理事會第二十四屆會議上,厄瓜多爾代表在聯合國面前就“跨國公司與人權”發表了聲明。厄瓜多爾政府在此聲明中提出了一項具有法律約束力的商業和人權國際文書,該文書將在聯合國系統內締結。所設想的文書“將澄清跨國公司在人權領域的義務”,並“規定在國內管轄權顯然無法解決的情況下為受害者建立有效的補救辦法”。該宣言得到了非洲集團,阿拉伯集團,巴基斯坦,斯里蘭卡,吉爾吉斯斯坦,古巴,尼加拉瓜,玻利維亞,委內瑞拉和秘魯的支持。一百多個區域和國際人權組織和社會運動對請願書表示歡迎。厄瓜多爾政府採取的行動於2014年12月3日至4日在日內瓦舉行的第二屆商業與人權論壇上得到批准。 2014年6月,聯合國人權理事會通過了該決議。

聯合國人權理事會第三十一屆會議(2016年2月29日至24日,日內瓦)

2016年3月11日,各國討論了跨政府工作組有關跨國公司和其他企業人權問題的第一屆會議報告

聯合國人權理事會第二十六屆會議(2014年6月10日至27日,日內瓦)

在日內瓦聯合國人權理事會第二十六屆會議上,提出了兩項​​決議,供理事會通過。第一項是厄瓜多爾和南非起草的一項決議,玻利維亞,古巴和委內瑞拉也簽署了該決議。它最初於6月19日提交,然後於6月24日更新。它得到了20個國家的支持,並指示“建立一個不限成員名額的跨政府工作組,其任務是擬訂一項有關跨國公司和其他商業企業在人權方面具有法律約束力的國際文書。”另一個是由挪威起草並得到44個共同提案國支持並由所有區域以協商一致方式通過的決議。它最初於6月12日提交,然後於6月17日至23日更新。其中包括要求聯合國工作組編寫一份報告,其中應考慮到具有法律約束力的文書的利弊。

6月26日,聯合國人權理事會通過了厄瓜多爾和南非的決議。票數:20票贊成(阿爾及利亞,貝寧,布基納法索,中國,剛果,科特迪瓦,古巴,埃塞俄比亞,印度,印度尼西亞,哈薩克斯坦,肯尼亞,摩洛哥,納米比亞,巴基斯坦,菲律賓,俄羅斯,南非,委內瑞拉,越南),14票反對(奧地利,捷克共和國,愛沙尼亞,法國,德國,愛爾蘭,意大利,日本,黑山,韓國,羅馬尼亞,馬其頓,英國,美國)和13票棄權(阿根廷,博茨瓦納,巴西,智利,哥斯達黎加,里卡,加蓬,科威特,馬爾代夫,墨西哥,秘魯,沙特阿拉伯,塞拉利昂,阿聯酋)。 6月27日,安理會以協商一致方式通過了挪威的決議。

日内瓦湖上漲潮“ - 我們就這些發展的分析

人權監察(Human Rights Watch )說:“企業需要製定更嚴格的人權規則,但聯合國決定發展僅涵蓋跨國公司的國際條約的決定受到主要政府的反對和其狹窄授權的損害。聯合國的決定過於狹窄,因為它只關注跨國公司,而不會涉及尊重人權的國家或其他企業。” ESCR網絡企業問責制工作組(ESCR-Net Corporate Accountability Working Group)發布了一份聲明,呼籲人權理事會的政府確保所有商業企業,而不僅僅是跨國公司,都是新的規范國際發展的主題。


國際雇主組織(International Organisation of Employers)在一份聲明中表示,它對通過厄瓜多爾決議破壞了三年前在聯合國指導原則的認可下達成的關於企業和人權的一致共識表示``深切遺憾'';投票是正在進行的旨在改善人權和實地獲得補救的努力的“真正挫折”;人權理事會已決定恢復指導原則的“過去失敗的做法,這些做法與迅速推進執行工作的目標截然相反”。

[DOC] Elaboration of an international legally binding instrument on Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with respect to human rights
Ecuador & So. Africa's draft resolution tabled for adoption by the UN Human Rights Council, 24 Jun 2014
Signed by Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, South Africa, Venezuela 
[PDF] version of 19 Jun 2014

[DOC] Human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises
Norway's draft resolution tabled for adoption by the UN Human Rights Council, 23 Jun 2014 
Signed by Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Colombia, France, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Iceland, India, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Serbia,the former Yugoslavia, Turkey 
[PDF] version of 17 Jun 2014
[PDF] version of 12 Jun 2014

Resolution «Human Rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises» adopted in the Human Rights Council
Permanent Mission of Norway in Geneva, 27 Jun 2014

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評論和媒體報道

Significant vote at the UN Human Rights Council: ray of hope to address corporate abuses, yet important concerns remain
Intl. Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), 9 Jul 2014

Binding and non-binding as they please
Thalif Deen, Nation (Sri Lanka), 6 Jul 2014

Center of Concern Welcomes Decision by UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to Move Towards a Treaty to Hold Transnational Corporations (TNCs) Accountable to Human Rights
Center of Concern, 3 Jul 2014

UN to outlaw corporations' human rights abuses
Lucia Ortiz, The Ecologist, 1 Jul 2014

UN to draft treaty on human rights violation by multinationals
Nitin Sethi, Business Standard, 1 Jul 2014

Human Rights Council: Historic resolution adopted for a legally binding instrument on TNCs
Kinda Mohamadieh, Third World Network, 30 Jun 2014

UN Business & Human Rights Framework: Engaging new action at national and international level to stop abuses, CIDSE, 30 Jun 2014

Despite Contentious Treaty Vote, Employers Reaffirm Commitment to UN Principles on Business and Human Rights
United States Council for International Business, 30 Jun 2014

ICC disappointed by Ecuador Initiative adoption
International Chamber of Commerce, 30 Jun 2014

Human Rights Council renews mandate of the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights, FIDH, 28 Jun 2014

After Losing Vote, U.S.-EU Threaten to Undermine Treaty
Thalif Deen, IPS News, 28 Jun 2014

Human Rights Council adopts major resolutions on business and human rights but misses opportunity to protect defenders
International Service for Human Rights, 27 Jun 2014

[PDF] Statement of the ESCR-Net Corporate Accountability Working Group, 26 Jun 2014 

Ireland Reiterates Commitment to Business and Human Rights, Votes Against Resolution on Binding Standards
Shane Darcy (Irish Centre for Human Rights), on Business & Human Rights in Ireland, 27 Jun 2014

Consensus on Business and Human Rights Is Broken With the Adoption of the Ecuador Initiative
International Organisation of Employers (IOE), 26 Jun 2014

Huge Group Demand Binding Standards at “Stop Corporate Crimes and Impunity” Picket and Impunity Tour
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 26 Jun 2014

Friends of the Earth Europe calls on EU to stop sabotaging UN action against corporate human rights abuses
Treaty Alliance, 25 Jun 2014

Radio interview on the call for a binding treaty with Ana Maria Suarez Franco from FIAN International
Treaty Alliance, 25 Jun 2014

CSOs urge PH government to push for HR binding treaty in Geneva
Jaybee Garganera, ATM , 24 Jun 2014

Decisive 24 Hours: Treaty Alliance Organizations in Geneva Hope for Sincere Attempts to Combine Resolutions
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 25 Jun 2014

[PDF] Support at the U.N. Human Rights Council for a Resolution to Begin a Process for Establishing a Treaty on the Issue of Business and Human Rights
Okereke Chinwike (African Law Foundation), Legborsi Saro Pyagara (Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People), Nelson Nnanna Nwafor (Foundation For Environmental Rights, Advocacy & Development), 23 Jun 2014

Side Event: Towards an international legally binding instrument on business and human rights
ACT Alliance, CIDSE, Fastenopfer, Franciscans International, MISEREOR and OMCT, 24 Jun 2014

EU Aims to Scuttle Treaty on Human Rights Abuses
Thalif Deen, UN Inter Press Service (IPS), 24 Jun 2014 

Peoples Permanent Tribunal Hearing Exposes Dark State of Corporate Impunity
Treaty Alliance, 23 Jun 2014

US & EU Oppose Stronger Regulation of Corporations at HRC Despite Compatibility with Guiding Principles
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 22 Jun 2014

Historic Moment: HRC to Vote on Resolution to Create Treaty on Business and Human Rights
Nora Mardirossian, Treaty Alliance, 20 Jun 2014

Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples - binding regulation on corporate behaviour the "big picture" in protecting the rights of indigenous peoples
Treaty Alliance, 20 Jun 2014

A New International Debate on Human Rights and Corporations
Gonzalo Berrón, Corporate Power, 18 Jun 2014

Commitments to Human Rights
Nora Mardirossian (Treaty Alliance), 18 Jun 2014

Core Group's Surprising Maneuver Obstructs Vote on Resolution for a Binding Instrument
Nora Mardirossian (Treaty Alliance), 17 Jun 2014

Statement of His Excellency Archbishop Silvano M. Tomasi, Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva at the 26th Session of the Human Rights Council
11 Jun 2014

Friends of the Earth Intl. to release new report calling for a business & human rights treaty to protect environmental & human rights defenders
Daily Times (Nigeria), 11 Jun 2014

Letter to the UN Human Rights Council Re: Business and Human Rights
[PDF] Full letter
Human Rights Watch, 10 Jun 2014

UN Human Rights Council must act now to salvage the business and human rights agenda
Amnesty International, 9 Jun 2014

Joint written statement to UN Human Rights Council by CIDSE Bischöfliches Hilfswerk Misereor, Swiss Catholic Lenten, 26 May 2014 

聯合國人權理事會第二十四屆會議(2013年9月,日內瓦)

在2013年9月第24屆聯合國人權理事會會議上,厄瓜多爾代表在聯合國面前就“跨國公司與人權”發表了聲明。厄瓜多爾政府在此聲明中提出了一項具有法律約束力的商業和人權國際文書,該文書將在聯合國系統內締結。所設想的文書“將澄清跨國公司在人權領域的義務”,並“規定在國內管轄權顯然無法解決的情況下為受害者建立有效的補救辦法”。該宣言得到了非洲集團,阿拉伯集團,巴基斯坦,斯里蘭卡,吉爾吉斯斯坦,古巴,尼加拉瓜,玻利維亞,委內瑞拉和秘魯等80多個國家的支持。一百多個區域和國際人權組織和社會運動對請願書表示歡迎。

Statement on behalf of a Group of Countries at the 24th Session of the Human Rights Council
Republic of Ecuador, at UN Human Rights Council, Sep 2013

Statement to the Human Rights Council in Support of the Initiative of a Group of States for a Legally Binding Instrument on Transnational Corporations
Signed by over 90 civil society organisations, 13 Sep 2013