Natural Resources

 natural resources mining pit credit pixabay ronile

Extractive companies have had adverse impacts on a broad array of human rights, such as resettlement of communities without adequate consultation and compensation; environmental degradation and its effects on health, sources of livelihood and access to clean water; as well as charges of forced labor, rape and even extrajudicial killings by security forces protecting company assets, with some cases meeting the legal definition of corporate complicity.

 

- John Ruggie 

Natural resources are at the beginning of every supply chain. Their development is essential to the production of energy, consumer goods and food. This means that there are high stakes involved in their use, development and depletion. Natural resources can therefore be a great source of wealth for both governments and local communities, and bring benefits to all citizens. In practice, however, investments in oil, gas, coal, minerals, renewable energyand large-scale agriculture are often entwined with human rights abuses. This is particularly the case in some of the world’s poorest – but most resource-rich – countries. Under the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, it is the responsibility of the companies developing these resources, as well as their buyers and investors, to safeguard the human rights of workers and communities affected by their activities. 

As Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege explained in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech: 

We love nice cars, jewellery and gadgets. I have a smartphone myself. These items contain minerals found in our country. Often mined in inhuman conditions by young children, victims of intimidation and sexual violence. When you drive your electric car, when you use your smart phone or admire your jewellery, take a minute to reflect on the human cost of manufacturing these objects. As consumers, let us at least insist that these products are manufactured with respect for human dignity.

In this “Big Issue” area, discover sector-specific analysis, initiatives, and news coverage.

Extractives   Renewable Energy   Agriculture

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文章
17 January 2020
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作者: David Lewis and Peter Hobson, Reuters

"Race to refine: the bid to clean up Africa's gold rush", 15 January 2020....

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文章
17 January 2020
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作者: RFI

« La Russie prend la tête du processus de Kimberley sur le commerce de diamants », 1er janvier 2020....

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文章
17 January 2020
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作者: Front Page Africa

"Liberia Releases EITI Report on Last Day of the Year to Avert Delisting", 31 December 2019....

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文章
17 January 2020
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作者: AFP et Slate Afrique

« Le Mozambique veut créer un fond souverain pour ses futures ressources gazières », 15 janvier 2020....

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文章
14 January 2020
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作者: Lovejoy Mutongwiza, 263 Chat (Zimbabwe)

‘Zimbabwe: 'Ban Blood Gold From Machete-Wielding Mine Gangs' 9 January 2020...

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14 January 2020
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作者: Donald Nyarota, 263 Chat (Zimbabwe)

‘Concern Over Lack of Diamond Policy’ 9 January 2020...

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文章
13 January 2020
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作者: Reuters

"South Sudan plans environmental audit of oil fields in move to curb pollution"...

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文章
8 January 2020
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作者: Business Ghana

‘Ghana’s petroleum laws need tightening – CEPIL’ 8 January 2020...

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文章
2 January 2020
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作者: Joan Meiners, The Times-Picayune & The Advocate

"How Oil Companies Avoided Environmental Accountability After 10.8 Million Gallons Spilled," 27 December 2019 ...

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文章
31 December 2019
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作者: Reuters and Mining.com

"SQM dealt blow by environmental court ruling", 27 December 2019....

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