Natural Resources

 natural resources mining pit credit pixabay ronile

Extractive companies have had adverse impacts on a broad array of human rights, such as resettlement of communities without adequate consultation and compensation; environmental degradation and its effects on health, sources of livelihood and access to clean water; as well as charges of forced labor, rape and even extrajudicial killings by security forces protecting company assets, with some cases meeting the legal definition of corporate complicity.

 

- John Ruggie 

Natural resources are at the beginning of every supply chain. Their development is essential to the production of energy, consumer goods and food. This means that there are high stakes involved in their use, development and depletion. Natural resources can therefore be a great source of wealth for both governments and local communities, and bring benefits to all citizens. In practice, however, investments in oil, gas, coal, minerals, renewable energyand large-scale agriculture are often entwined with human rights abuses. This is particularly the case in some of the world’s poorest – but most resource-rich – countries. Under the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, it is the responsibility of the companies developing these resources, as well as their buyers and investors, to safeguard the human rights of workers and communities affected by their activities. 

As Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege explained in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech: 

We love nice cars, jewellery and gadgets. I have a smartphone myself. These items contain minerals found in our country. Often mined in inhuman conditions by young children, victims of intimidation and sexual violence. When you drive your electric car, when you use your smart phone or admire your jewellery, take a minute to reflect on the human cost of manufacturing these objects. As consumers, let us at least insist that these products are manufactured with respect for human dignity.

In this “Big Issue” area, discover sector-specific analysis, initiatives, and news coverage.

Extractives   Renewable Energy   Agriculture

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資料
8 January 2019
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文章
8 January 2019
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作者: La Nación

“Consejo de Estado ‘tumbó’ consulta antiminera en Íquira, Huila” – 11 de diciembre de 2019...

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文章
8 January 2019
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7 January 2019
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作者: Abhishek Saha, The Indian Express

"Meghalaya mine collapse: Beyond the tragedy, for state’s politicians, mining their own business", 29 December 2018...

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7 January 2019
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作者: Scroll.in, India

"National Green Tribunal imposes Rs 100-crore fine on Meghalaya government for illegal coal mining", 5 January 2019...

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7 January 2019
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作者: Edward Ssekika, Oil in Uganda

"Hoima residents demand for ‘oil jobs'"...

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7 January 2019
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作者: Nate Raymond, Reuters

"U.S. top court rejects Exxon in climate change document dispute", 7 Jan. 2019...

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2 January 2019
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作者: Jean d'Amour Mbonyinshuti, The New Times

"Five rescued from collapsed mining site in Kamonyi District", 31 December 2018....

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1 January 2019
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作者: Press Trust of India, NDTV

"3 workers die of choking in state-run coal mine in Chhattisgarh", 17 December 2018...

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文章
30 December 2018
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作者: Dana Drugmand, Climate Liability News

"2018 in Climate Liability: When a Trend Became a Wave", 30 Dec 2018...

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