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1 Mär 2003

Ayesha Dias, Bureau for Development Policy (Democratic Governance) UNDP

Oil and Human Rights - Environmental and Human Rights Impacts of the ONG Industry [oil & natural gas industry]

...every stage of [the oil & natural gas sector] activity, from exploration exploitation, refining, manufacturing, storage, transportation and fuel use is fraught with environmental and social consequences – local, regional and global...The application of the Declaration to various non-state actors is staunchly supported by human rights scholars such as Professor Louis Henkin who, speaking of the universal nature of the Declaration’s preamble contends that “every individual includes judicial persons. Every individual and every organ of society excludes no one, no country, no market, no cyberspace. The Universal Declaration applies to them all”. [refers to Exxon (part of ExxonMobil), Shell, Chevron, Unocal, Texaco (part of Chevron), BP Amoco, Talisman, TotalFinaElf (Total), Norsk Hydro]

Part of the following timelines

ExxonMobil lawsuit (re Aceh)

Texaco/Chevron lawsuits (re Ecuador)