abusesaffiliationarrow-downarrow-leftarrow-rightarrow-upattack-typeburgerchevron-downchevron-leftchevron-rightchevron-upClock iconclosedeletedevelopment-povertydiscriminationdollardownloademailenvironmentexternal-linkfacebookfiltergenderglobegroupshealthC4067174-3DD9-4B9E-AD64-284FDAAE6338@1xinformation-outlineinformationinstagraminvestment-trade-globalisationissueslabourlanguagesShapeCombined Shapeline, chart, up, arrow, graphLinkedInlocationmap-pinminusnewsorganisationotheroverviewpluspreviewArtboard 185profilerefreshIconnewssearchsecurityPathStock downStock steadyStock uptagticktooltiptwitteruniversalityweb


Civic Freedoms & HRD Data


平台總計追蹤攻擊人權捍衛者, 法律訴訟(針對公眾參與的策略性訴訟)


Explore the Database

Human rights defenders are at the forefront of protecting our rights and shared planet. Many defenders, including labour union leaders, land and environmental defenders, affected community members, anti-corruption activists, journalists, and others, raise the alarm about irresponsible business practices and work to ensure that companies and investors fulfill their responsibility to respect human rights. Collecting data on attacks against these defenders is important to understand the scope of this problem, identify higher risk business sectors and areas, advocate for accountability and remedy for harm as well as more rights-respecting practices, and strengthen support for defenders subjected to attacks.

The Resource Centre has been tracking attacks against defenders focused on business activities since 2015; all of this data is available in the database. These attacks are also only one part of the story. This page highlights powerful victories and strategies of defenders courageously working for human rights through interviews and videos below.

If you are going to do business in any country, ask where their human rights defenders are. If you find that they are all in prison, that is going to be an economy that you don’t want to be part of.
Maryam Al-Khawaja, Bahraini-Danish human rights defender, Special Advisor on Advocacy for Gulf Centre for Human Rights & Board member for International Service for Human Rights

Findings from the database

Attacks against human rights and environmental defenders occur in every region of the world. Since we began tracking in 2015, Latin America and Asia and the Pacific have consistently been the most dangerous regions for defenders.

In 2022, the highest number of attacks on defenders raising concerns about business-related harms occurred in Brazil (63 recorded incidents of attack, affecting one or more defender), India (54), Mexico (44), Cambodia (40), the Philippines (32), Honduras (31), Belarus (28), Peru (23), Colombia (20), and Uganda (17).

Learn more about our research methodology.


of all attacks

are judicial harassment, including arbitrary detention, unfair trial and other forms of criminalisation


attacks related to

transition mineral mining between 2010 and 2021


of all attacks

are related to the extractive sectors, including mining, oil, gas, and coal


of all attacks against Indigenous peoples

are related to mining

All over the world the positive achievements of human rights defenders too often go unrecognised. Defenders are targeted because they confront powerful vested interests by protecting our natural resources and shared climate, defending labour rights, exposing corruption, and refusing to accept injustice. As we mark the 25th anniversary of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, States can and should do more to protect defenders, including by passing mandatory human rights and environmental due diligence legislation that requires businesses to engage in ongoing, meaningful engagement with defenders and other stakeholders.
Mary Lawlor, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of Human Rights Defenders

How do businesses affect Human Rights Defenders - and how can they support HRDs and civic freedoms?

BHRRC talks to Human Rights Defenders from Singapore, Turkey, Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe - visiting defenders at The Centre for Applied Human Rights at the University of York - about their views on how businesses affect their work and how they can be supportive of it.

HRDs Interview series

Collecting data is important, but it is only one part of the story. This interview series highlights powerful victories and stories of defenders, defending rights and their communities against abuses by business and other actors.

Miguel Guimaraes, Federation for Ucayali and Afluentes Native Communities (FECONAU), Peru

Miguel Guimaraes is the President of the Federation of Native Communities of Ucayali and Affluents (FECONAU). He works with 30 communities within three groups of Indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon. FECONAU started a campaign to build a “maloka”, a traditional space to reach agreements, which would be guarded with police protection, and would offer internet access and a safe space to Indigenous leaders for training and advocacy work.

Nataliya Tomilova, Shakhterskaya Semya NGO, Kazakhstan

Nataliya Tomilova is a WHRD and a member of the Shakhterskaya Semya NGO in Kazakhstan. This interview was conducted as part of research on cases of persecution of human rights defenders working on corporate accountability in Kazakhstan, published in May 2021.

Suchanee Cloitre, Thai journalist & WHRD

Suchanee Cloitre is a Thai journalist, who was convicted in 2020 in a case initiated by a chicken farm in Lopburi previously supplying chicken to agro-industry conglomerate. The charges against Suchanee stemmed from a tweet concerning alleged labour rights violations at a chicken farm. On the 27th of October 2020, Thai Court of Appeals overturned the Lopburi Provincial Court’s conviction and prison sentence against her.

More resources

Explore our collection of latest news, trackers and research on the positive and negative impacts of business on civic freedoms and the work of human rights defenders. All our briefings are available here.

Infographics & analysis of our data

Our infographics and briefings show patterns of violence, identify at-risk business sectors and geographic areas and provide in-depth analysis of some specific types of attacks, such as Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPPs).

HRDs & Civic Freedoms Issue Portal

Find out more about what you can do to defend the defenders and civic freedoms, read the latest news, find out about key campaigns and coalitions, and learn about company and investor action.

Transition Minerals Tracker

BHRRC's Transition Minerals Tracker tracks the human rights implications of the mineral boom powering the transition to a net-zero carbon economy. 1/3 of allegations in the tracker included an attack on HRDs.