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Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) holds consultations on its environmental & social framework, NGOs say process is "grossly inadequate"

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Article
16 February 2016

Oxfam HK submission to AIIB Environmental and Social Framework Consultation

Author: Oxfam HK

"Recommendations on the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Environmental and Social Framework Consultation", 5 Oct 2015

…The draft framework and the consultation process are a step in the right direction. However, Oxfam believes that the AIIB has an opportunity to enhance its processes and ultimately its investment outcomes by further integrating best practices for social and environmental impacts and by further expanding its consultation process on the draft ESF.

The draft ESF treats environmental and social impacts as operational and reputational risks that the AIIB seeks to mitigate (para 4), although it does recognise the benefits of social inclusion (para 7). Environmental and social safeguard policies have traditionally been treated as risk mitigation approaches by investors. However, there is growing recognition that sound environmental and social practices are crucial for successful investments and long-term sustainable project outcomes. Oxfam encourages the AIIB to consider the benefits of environmental and social policy requirements in supporting long-term project outcomes.

[Topics include:]
Consultation Process…
Involuntary Resettlement…
Loopholes in the protections afforded in draft ESF Standard 2…
Grievance Mechanism…
Food Security…
Indigenous Peoples…
Environmental Classification…
Financial Intermediaries…
Country Systems…
Phased Approach…
Due Diligence and Staffing…
Information Disclosure…

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Author: 创绿中心

截止10月底,已有54个国家正式签署了亚投行…的《亚洲基础设施投资银行协定…亚投行预计2015年年底正式运营,2016年第二季度开始贷款,首批项目将集中在电力、交通、供水三 大领域…9月初,亚投行在其官网发布《环境和社会保障框架》…

民间组织认为,亚投行多次对外承诺将采用高标准的治理规则,但从磋商程序的安排及框架草案看,这一承诺是否兑现还未可知…磋商程序是以 英语为沟通语言的视频会议展开,增加了当地社区参与的门槛…民间组织也呼吁亚投行建 立问责机制,按照制定出的标准处理投诉。此外,国际组织也在呼吁亚投行能减少煤炭投资…但是亚投行日前已经宣布投资10亿美元支持印尼煤炭项目。  

本期通讯介绍亚投行最新进展,呈现利益各方、民间组织对亚投行《框架》提出的意见和建议,并简要分析目前比较有代表性的开发性金融机构的保障政策异同…

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Author: 創綠中心

截止10月底,已有54個國家正式簽署了亞投行…的《亞洲基礎設施投資銀行協定…亞投行預計2015年年底正式運營,2016年第二季度開始貸款,首批項目將集中在電力、交通、供水三大領域…9月初,亞投行在其官網發布《環境和社會保障框架》…

民間組織認為,亞投行多次對外承諾將採用高標準的治理規則,但從磋商程序的安排及框架草案看,這一承諾是否兌現還未可知…磋商程序是以英語為溝通語言的視頻會議展開,增加了當地社區參與的門檻…民間組織也呼籲亞投行建立問責機制,按照制定出的標準處理投訴。此外,國際組織也在呼籲亞投行能減少煤炭投資…但是亞投行日前已經宣布投資10億美元支持印尼煤炭項目。

本期通訊介紹亞投行最新進展,呈現利益各方、民間組織對亞投行《框架》提出的意見和建議,並簡要分析目前比較有代表性的開發性金融機構的保障政策異同…

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Article
15 November 2015

UN human rights experts letter & comments to AIIB on draft environmental & social framework

Author: Special Rapporteurs & Independent Experts of the UN Human Rights Council

"Special Procedures of the United Nations Human Rights Council: Comments on the Draft Environmental and Social Framework of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank", 26 Oct 2015

On 26 October 2015 eleven Special Rapporteurs and Independent Experts of the UN Human Rights Council submitted observations on the draft environmental and social framework of the future Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

In their joint letter the UN human rights experts welcomed the steps taken by the AIIB to establish mandatory environmental and social standards, but recommended that human rights should be more rigorously integrated within the proposed safeguard policies.  The experts said that human rights norms apply as well to AIIB’s own business conduct, noting that all prospective founding members of the bank have ratified several binding international human rights treaties.

The experts stressed that the AIIB should aspire to become a bank of the XXI century governed by environmental, social and human rights policies reflecting current international standards.

The initiative was coordinated by the Independent Expert on foreign debt and human rights, who had met the President designate of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Mr. Jin Liqun, earlier this year in Beijing. The submission forms part of  efforts by UN human rights experts to strengthen safeguard policies across multi-lateral and national development banks.

There are wide-spread concerns about the harm caused by large infrastructure projects funded by multi-lateral development banks. Such projects have frequently resulted in forced evictions, lack of effective remedies and compensation for affected individuals, or the destruction of the livelihood of indigenous communities.

Read the letter to the President-designate of the AIIB and the detailed comments  by the experts on the draft environmental and social framework.

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Article
4 November 2015

NGO Forum on ADB comprehensive critique on AIIB's Draft Environmental and Social Framework (ESF)

Author: NGO Forum on ADB

"Gaps in AIIB’s ESF Further Highlighted in Forum’s Updated Submission", 5 Nov 2015

In its comprehensive critique of the draft Environmental and Social Framework, NGO Forum on ADB asked the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank to clearly stipulate and strengthen safeguards requirements that bind both the Bank and its Client to implement and adhere to the ESF. Forum said the draft policy falls short of a commitment to “do no harm” and lacks mandatory accountability mechanisms.

Forum cited weaknesses in policy language, particularly on the Environmental and Social Standards for Environment and Social Assessment (ESS 1), Involuntary Resettlement (ESS 2) and Indigenous Peoples (ESS 3); free prior informed consent (FPIC), grievance mechanism; exclusion list; role of the Client; and the phased approach.

The civil society coalition also reminded AIIB of its request to personally meet with country representatives at the Chief Negotiators Meetings (CNM) to comprehensively discuss the draft ESF.

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Article
23 October 2015

Amnesty International’s submission to the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank environmental and social framework consultation, October 2015

Author: Amnesty International

Amnesty International lays out concerns with the current draft of the Environmental and Social Framework, in particular related to: a number of loopholes and disclaimers in the policies; confusing or contradictory language; together with some significant gaps in the draft that, if not addressed, are likely to undermine the overall strength of the document. The result of these weaknesses is that there is a significant risk that the AIIB may fund projects that are likely to result in negative human rights impacts.

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Article
22 October 2015

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) comments on draft of AIIB framework

Author: Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)

…The recommendations include… to extend consultation period to at least two rounds of consultation; to conduct face to face consultations at all levels; to use regional languages (not only English); to accord special attention to the inclusion of vulnerable groups; to provide adequate information about the process well in advance through various media and not only through the AIIB website; and to ensure transparency, gender-sensitivity and cultural appropriateness in the process…

Indigenous Peoples is the result largely of the continuing violation of their collective rights to their lands, territories and resources in the name of national development, lack of access to basic social services including livelihood opportunities; and social, economic and political discrimination. The AIIB’s aims to fund infrastructure   development and other projects to support regional and national development targets will have serious implications on the lives and well-being of millions of Indigenous Peoples in the region. It is thus critical for the AIIB to provide a more meaningful and participatory consultation process with Indigenous Peoples’ representatives in the region to ensure that its ESS 3 on Indigenous Peoples is responsive to the conditions and circumstances of Indigenous Peoples in the region and is fully aligned with respect to their rights as affirmed by international human rights instruments.

Hence, we strongly recommend that key officials of the AIIB conduct a regional face-to-face meeting with duly selected Indigenous Peoples’ representatives. This regional consultation should provide for interpretation/translation services to ensure meaningful participation of community representatives as well as sufficient time for discussions and exchange of views. Information on the consultation as well as other necessary information and documents should be shared in advance (at least two weeks) prior to the consultation. AIPP extends its cooperation in planning for this regional consultation…

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Author: 亚洲原住民联盟(AIPP)

 亚洲原住民联盟(AIPP)、其他原住民组织以及原住民权利倡导者…建议…包括:延长磋商时间,至少应有两轮磋商;在各个层面开展面对面的磋商;磋商语言不只是英语,也采用地方语言;对弱势群体予以特别关注;事先通过各个媒体提供充足的信息,而非只公布于亚投行网站;确保磋商过程的透明度、性别敏感和文化适用性。

…造成原住民这种不成比例的极端贫困的原因主要包括:以国家发展的名义对原住民对土地、领地和资源享有的集体性权利的持续性侵犯;原住民获取基本社会服务包括谋生机会的渠道的缺乏;社会、经济及政治歧视。亚投行致力于为基础设施发展和其他项目融资,以支持区域和国家发展,这将对该区域数百万的原住民的生活和福祉产生重大影响。因此,对亚投行而言,至为关键的是与该区域原住民代表开展一次更具意义和参与性的磋商过程,以确保环境与社会标准原住民条款是顺应该区域原住民的条件与情况而制定的,且完全尊重受国际人权公约认可的原住民权利。

因此,我们强烈建议亚投行的主要官员与经正式挑选的原住民代表开展一次面对面的会议。本次磋商应该提供口译/笔译服务,以确保社区代表有意义的参与,还应保证充足的时间以讨论和交换意见。在磋商之前,相关信息和其他必要的信息及文件应该至少提前两周对外公布。亚洲原住民联盟愿意协助安排此次区域磋商…

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Author: 亞洲原住民聯盟(AIPP)

亞洲原住民聯盟(AIPP)、其他原住民組織以及原住民權利倡導者…建議…包括:延長磋商時間,至少應有兩輪磋商;在各個層面開展面對面的磋商;磋商語言不只是英語,也採用地方語言;對弱勢群體予以特別關注;事先通過各個媒體提供充足的信息,而非隻公佈於亞投行網站;確保磋商過程的透明度、性別敏感和文化適用性。

…造成原住民這種不成比例的極端貧困的原因主要包括:以國家發展的名義對原住民對土地、領地和資源享有的集體性權利的持續性侵犯;原住民獲取基本社會服務包括謀生機會的渠道的缺乏;社會、經濟及政治歧視。亞投行致力於為基礎設施發展和其他項目融資,以支持區域和國家發展,這將對該區域數百萬的原住民的生活和福祉產生重大影響。因此,對亞投行而言,至為關鍵的是與該區域原住民代表開展一次更具意義和參與性的磋商過程,以確保環境與社會標準原住民條款是順應該區域原住民的條件與情況而製定的,且完全尊重受國際人權公約認可的原住民權利。

因此,我們強烈建議亞投行的主要官員與經正式挑選的原住民代表開展一次面對面的會議。本次磋商應該提供口譯/筆譯服務,以確保社區代表有意義的參與,還應保證充足的時間以討論和交換意見。在磋商之前,相關信息和其他必要的信息及文件應該至少提前兩週對外公佈。亞洲原住民聯盟願意協助安排此次區域磋商…

Article
5 October 2015

Consultations on Draft Environmental and Social Framework of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) extended to 23 October

Author: Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Consultations on Draft Environmental and Social Framework

EXTENDED TO OCTOBER 23, 2015 [Originally 5 October]

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank that will focus on the development of infrastructure and interconnectivity in Asia. It will be based in Beijing and complement and cooperate with the existing multilateral development banks (MDBs).

The 57 countries that are the Prospective Founding Members of the AIIB are developing its core philosophy, principles, policies, value system and operating platform. The Bank's foundation is built on the lessons of experience of existing MDBs and the private sector, and it will put in place strong policies on governance, accountability, financial, procurement and environmental and social frameworks. In this context, the Multilateral Interim Secretariat for Establishing the AIIB (Secretariat) has developed a Draft Environmental and Social Framework…

The input from the consultations and written submissions will inform the preparation of the final draft of AIIB's Environmental and Social Framework, which will be submitted to the AIIB's Board of Directors for approval before the AIIB begins financing any operations…The finalized Framework, and a summary of the consultations, will be posted on the AIIB website for public access…

If you are interested in participating, please write to [email protected] and instructions will be sent to you…

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