Environmental impacts of Belt and Road Initiative has not gained proper attention, study reveals

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Author: The ASEAN Post

[此中文翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

 “中国的“一带一路”对环境造成负面影响”,2019年12月24日

…环境设计要求没有纳入项目周期,尤其是在早期项目规划中,其后果必将在未来几年给东南亚人带来高昂的代价。

世界自然基金会(World Wide Fund)和汇丰银行发布的一项名为“绿化一带一路倡议”的研究发现,除了缺乏有关可持续和绿色投资机会的信息外,“绿化” 一带一路的倡议尚未得到金融界和更广泛的私营部门的适当重视。

丰富的生物多样性,东南亚脆弱的生态系统以及赖以生存的许多社区,由于“一带一路”倡议不断扩大的基础设施项目清单,尤其受到威胁。

湄公河沿岸的中国支持的水电项目横跨柬埔寨,老挝,缅甸,泰国和越南,水坝改变了河流流量并阻碍了鱼类的迁徙,从而导致以该河流为生的社区丧失了生计。

渔业行动联盟(Action Coalition Team)称,由于柬埔寨和邻国上游建造的水电大坝,近年来鱼类种群减少了…

除了动植物的损失外,泛婆罗洲公路(横跨马来西亚,印度尼西亚和文莱)等地区的森林砍伐还引起滑坡,洪水和其他减灾问题。

未能保护环境意味着当地社区将不得不寻找其他方式来提供生态系统服务,例如清洁的水和空气。

世界自然基金会列出了1,700多个重要的生物多样性点和265个受一带一路不利影响的受威胁物种。

这已经在印尼发生了,印尼目前正在苏门答腊的巴塘托鲁(Batang Toru)森林高地建造一座耗资16亿美元的水力发电厂,这片世界上最稀有的猿猴-Tapanuli猩猩的栖息地面临危险。巴塘托鲁森林是印尼生物多样性最丰富的地区之一,也是濒临灭绝的苏门答腊虎和Sun他穿山甲的家园...

本月早前在《当代生物学》(Current Biology journal)杂志上发表的一项研究发现,“一带一路”倡议可能将800多种外来入物种(包括98种两栖动物,177种爬行动物,391种鸟类和150种哺乳动物)引入沿线多个国家,从而威胁到它们的生态系统。

这项名为“一带一路的生物入侵风险”的研究发现,某些物种能够对一个国家的农产品出口造成数十亿美元的破坏,这凸显了一带一路的公路,铁路和管道网络令人生畏的副作用…

 “我们不希望保护成为事后的想法。在开发道路,水坝或管道之前,开发商应将生态价值纳入其计划中,” Campos-Arceiz博士补充说。他与其他人合着了论文,题为“保护生物多样性需要成为中国一带一路倡议的核心价值'...

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Author: The ASEAN Post

[此中文翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

 “中国的“一带一路”对环境造成负面影响”,2019年12月24日

…环境设计要求没有纳入项目周期,尤其是在早期项目规划中,其后果必将在未来几年给东南亚人带来高昂的代价。

世界自然基金会(World Wide Fund)和汇丰银行发布的一项名为“绿化一带一路倡议”的研究发现,除了缺乏有关可持续和绿色投资机会的信息外,“绿化” 一带一路的倡议尚未得到金融界和更广泛的私营部门的适当重视。

丰富的生物多样性,东南亚脆弱的生态系统以及赖以生存的许多社区,由于“一带一路”倡议不断扩大的基础设施项目清单,尤其受到威胁。

湄公河沿岸的中国支持的水电项目横跨柬埔寨,老挝,缅甸,泰国和越南,水坝改变了河流流量并阻碍了鱼类的迁徙,从而导致以该河流为生的社区丧失了生计。

渔业行动联盟(Action Coalition Team)称,由于柬埔寨和邻国上游建造的水电大坝,近年来鱼类种群减少了…

除了动植物的损失外,泛婆罗洲公路(横跨马来西亚,印度尼西亚和文莱)等地区的森林砍伐还引起滑坡,洪水和其他减灾问题。

未能保护环境意味着当地社区将不得不寻找其他方式来提供生态系统服务,例如清洁的水和空气。

世界自然基金会列出了1,700多个重要的生物多样性点和265个受一带一路不利影响的受威胁物种。

这已经在印尼发生了,印尼目前正在苏门答腊的巴塘托鲁(Batang Toru)森林高地建造一座耗资16亿美元的水力发电厂,这片世界上最稀有的猿猴-Tapanuli猩猩的栖息地面临危险。巴塘托鲁森林是印尼生物多样性最丰富的地区之一,也是濒临灭绝的苏门答腊虎和Sun他穿山甲的家园...

本月早前在《当代生物学》(Current Biology journal)杂志上发表的一项研究发现,“一带一路”倡议可能将800多种外来入物种(包括98种两栖动物,177种爬行动物,391种鸟类和150种哺乳动物)引入沿线多个国家,从而威胁到它们的生态系统。

这项名为“一带一路的生物入侵风险”的研究发现,某些物种能够对一个国家的农产品出口造成数十亿美元的破坏,这凸显了一带一路的公路,铁路和管道网络令人生畏的副作用…

 “我们不希望保护成为事后的想法。在开发道路,水坝或管道之前,开发商应将生态价值纳入其计划中,” Campos-Arceiz博士补充说。他与其他人合着了论文,题为“保护生物多样性需要成为中国一带一路倡议的核心价值'...

Read the full post here

Article
28 December 2019

Environmental impacts of Belt and Road Initiative has not gained proper attention, study reveals

Author: The ASEAN Post

“China’s BRI negatively impacting the environment”, 24 December 2019

… environmental design requirements are not integrated in the project cycle – especially in early-stage project planning – the consequences of which Southeast Asians are sure to pay dearly for in the years to come.

A study titled ‘Greening the Belt and Road Initiative’ released by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and HSBC… found that apart from the lack of information on sustainable and green investment opportunities, getting the BRI [Belt and Road Initiative] to “go green” has not gained the proper attention of the financial fraternity nor the wider private sector.

Rich in biodiversity, Southeast Asia’s fragile ecosystems and the many communities which depend on them for survival are especially at risk due to the BRI’s ever-expanding list of infrastructure projects.

Chinese-backed hydropower projects along the Mekong River – which spans Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam – have seen dams cause river flow changes and block fish migration, leading to a loss of livelihood for communities there which live-off the river.

Fish stocks have declined in recent years due to hydropower dams built upstream in Cambodia and neighbouring countries, according to the Fisheries Action Coalition Team (FACT)…

Apart from the loss of flora and fauna, deforestation in areas such as the Pan Borneo Highway – which spans Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei – also causes landslides, floods and other disaster mitigation concerns.

Failure to protect the environment means that local communities will have to find other ways to provide ecosystem services such as clean water and air.

The WWF has listed over 1,700 critical biodiversity spots and 265 threatened species that will be adversely affected by the BRI.

This is already happening in Indonesia, where the habitat of the world’s rarest great ape – the Tapanuli orangutan – is at risk from a US$1.6 billion hydroelectric power plant currently being built in Sumatra’s Batang Toru forest highlands. One of Indonesia’s most biodiverse regions, the Batang Toru forest is also home to the critically endangered Sumatran tiger and Sunda pangolin…

A study published earlier this month in the Current Biology journal found that the BRI could potentially introduce more than 800 alien invasive species – including 98 amphibians, 177 reptiles, 391 birds and 150 mammals – into several countries along its many routes and developments, threatening their ecosystems.

With some species capable of wreaking havoc worth billions of dollars on a nation’s agricultural exports, the study titled ‘Risks of Biological Invasion on the Belt and Road’ presents a chilling side-effect of the BRI’s network of roads, railways and pipelines…

 “We don’t want conservation to be an afterthought. Before the developers make the roads, dams or pipelines, they should incorporate ecological values in their plans,” added Dr Campos-Arceiz, who… co-authored a paper titled ‘Biodiversity conservation needs to be a core value of China’s Belt and Road Initiative’ …

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