Estimated 40 million people are victims of modern slavery; women & children most affected, says new report

Research developed jointly by the International Labour Organization and the Walk Free Foundation, in partnership with the International Organization for Migration released during the 2017 United Nations General Assembly, shows that more than 40 million people around the world were victims of modern slavery in 2016. This research is a collective effort by members of Alliance 8.7, the global partnership to end forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour that brings together key partners representing governments, UN organisations, the private sector, workers’ and employers’ organizations and civil society, in order to achieve Sustainable Development Goal Target 8.7. 

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Article
26 September 2017

37 States endorse Call to Action to end forced labour, modern slavery & human trafficking at roundtable convened by UK Prime Minister

Author: U.K. Department for International Development

"A Call to Action to end forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking." 20 September 2017

[The latest figures of 40 million people trapped in modern slavery, outlined in the 2017 Global Estimates of Modern Slavery and Child Labour, signal the urgent need for action.] 

The UK Prime Minister convened a Roundtable at which 37 countries signed a Call to Action outlining practical actions to be taken to achieve [Sustainable Development Goal] Target 8.7 [which calls for effective measures to end forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour]... 

[Those actions include to:]

-  Ratify and ensure the effective implementation of relevant international conventions, protocols, and frameworks...

-  Strengthen law enforcement and criminal justice responses in order to rapidly enhance capacity to identify, investigate, and disrupt criminal activity...

-  Put victims first...[and]

-  Eradicate forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking, and the worst forms of child labour from [their] economies...by developing regulatory or policy frameworks, as appropriate, and working with business to eliminate such practices from global supply chains.

[Members of Alliance 8.7, a multi-stakeholder global partnership working towards reaching Target 8.7] welcomed [this] Call to Action that was presented...on the 19th September 2017 during the 72nd Meeting of the UN General Assembly...

[The States that have endorsed this Call to Action are: Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Côte D'Ivoire, Denmark, Ethiopia, Ghana, Holy See, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Lichtenstein, Malaysia, Malta, Nepal, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Slovakia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America, and Zambia.]

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Article
19 September 2017

40 million in modern slavery and 152 million in child labour around the world

Author: International Labour Organization

New research developed jointly by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Walk Free Foundation, in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), has revealed... that more than 40 million people around the world were victims of modern slavery in 2016. The ILO have also released a companion estimate of child labour, which confirms that about 152 million children, aged between 5 and 17, were subject to child labour...

The new estimates also show that women and girls are disproportionately affected by modern slavery, accounting almost 29 million, or 71 per cent of the overall total. Women represent 99 per cent of the victims of forced labour in the commercial sex industry and 84 per cent of forced marriages. The research reveals that among the 40 million victims of modern slavery, about 25 million were in forced labour, and 15 million were in forced marriage.

Child labour remains concentrated primarily in agriculture (70.9 per cent). Almost one in five child labourers work in the services sector (17.1 per cent) while 11.9 per cent of child labourers work in industry.   

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Article
19 September 2017

Global Estimates of Child Labour: Results and Trends 2012-2016 report

Author: Alliance 8.7

Th[is] report, and the global estimation exercise that underpins it, form part of a broader inter-agency effort under Alliance 8.7 to measure and monitor progress towards target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals. The 2016 estimates tell a story both of real progress and of a job unfinished. They show a dramatic decline in child labour over the 16 years since the ILO began monitoring child labour in 2000. But the estimates also indicate that the pace of decline has slowed considerably in the last four years, precisely at a time when substantial acceleration is needed to reach the ambitious 2025 target date for ending child labour... A total of 152 million children – 64 million girls and 88 million boys – are in child labour globally, accounting for almost one in ten of all children worldwide. Nearly half of all those in child labour – 73 million children in absolute terms – are in hazardous work that directly endangers their health, safety, and moral development. Children in employment, a broader measure comprising both child labour and other permitted forms of children’s employment, number 218 million... We must move much faster if we are to honour our commitment to ending child labour in all its forms by 2025.

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Article
19 September 2017

Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour & Forced Marriage report

Author: International Labour Organization, Walk Free Foundation & International Organization for Migration

The 2017 Global Estimates of Modern Slavery are presented as a contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular to Target 8.7, which calls for effective measures to end forced labour, modern slavery, and human trafficking, as well as child labour in all its forms. It is intended to inform policy making and implementation of target 8.7 and related SDG Targets... The Global Estimates of Modern Slavery focus on two main issues: forced labour and forced marriage. The estimate of forced labour comprises forced labour in the private economy, forced sexual exploitation of adults and commercial sexual exploitation of children, and state-imposed forced labour... In the past five years, 89 million people experienced some form of modern slavery for periods of time ranging from a few days to the whole five years... Modern slavery was most prevalent in Africa (7.6 per 1,000 people), followed by Asia and the Pacific (6.1 per 1,000) then Europe and Central Asia (3.9 per 1,000).

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Article
19 September 2017

There are an estimated 40 million slaves in the world. Where do they live and what do they do?

Author: Adam Taylor, Washington Post

Slavery is not a thing of the past. A report released Tuesday [19 September 2017] by the U.N.-affiliated International Labor Office (ILO) and the Walk Free Foundation estimates that there were 40.3 million people in some form of modern slavery around the world on any given day last year. But by its very nature, the accuracy of that figure is hard to gauge. Slavery tends to be a hidden, illegal practice... 

The Global Estimates of Modern Slavery study found that slavery occurs in every region - and probably every country - of the world. In terms of sheer numbers, the majority of modern slaves probably live in Asia and the Pacific region. Meanwhile, slavery as a practice is thought to be most prevalent in Africa. The report cautions, however, that with more accurate data, these rankings could well change...

The report is being released to coincide with the U.N. General Assembly, where progress made towards Sustainable Development Goals - a series of agreements made among countries to improve the world by 2030 - will be discussed...

There was also widespread variation in the type of slavery found. An estimated 24.9 million people were victims of forced labor in 2016, the report found. Most of these people (64 percent) were in forced labor exploitation in the private economy, most likely to be domestic workers, construction workers or those in manufacturing. A further 19 percent were in forced sexual exploitation while 17 percent were in state-imposed forced labor...

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Article
18 September 2017

Groups report an estimate of 40.3 million people as victims of modern slavery; 3 out of 4 are women and girls

Author: Ellen Wulfhorst, Thomson Reuters Foundation

"More than 40M people trapped in slavery: new global estimate", 19 September 2017

...The International Labor Organization (ILO), human rights group Walk Free Foundation, and International Organization for Migration said 40.3 million people were victims of modern slavery in 2016 - but added this was a conservative estimate.

...24.9 million people were trapped working in factories, on construction sites, farms and fishing boats, and as domestic or sex workers, while 15.4 million people were in marriages to which they had not consented.

Almost three out of every four slaves were women and girls and one in four was a child, with modern slavery most prevalent in Africa followed by Asia and Pacific, said the report.

The findings mark the first time the groups collaborated on an international estimate and prompted calls for stronger labor rights, improved governance of migrants, action to address root causes of debt bondage, and better victim identification.

The ILO also released a separate report showing 152 million children were victims of child labor, which amounted to nearly one in every 10 child worldwide, with almost half of those engaged in hazardous work.

More than two-thirds of these children were working on a family farm or in a family business, with 71 percent overall working in agriculture.

The ILO and Walk Free conducted surveys in 48 countries and interviewed more than 71,000 people with findings supplemented by data from the International Organization for Migration.

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