Hong Kong: Civic Exchange report shows ship emissions cause 75% of deaths directly related to sulphur dioxide, urges shipping line to switch to low-sulphur fuel

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Article
17 January 2013

Maersk calls for HK ban on dirty ship fuel [Hong Kong]

Author: Malaya [Philippines]

Hong Kong’s…pollution is accountable for more than 3,000 deaths every year, according to a Bloomberg report…Hong Kong academic studies have mainly blamed bunker-fuel-run vessels…Along with 17 other carriers, Maersk Line has voluntarily used low-sulfur oil for the last two years in a government-sponsored incentive scheme. But voluntary schemes are not enough, said Smith [Maersk Line’s North Asia CEO], calling instead for regulation…Simon Ng of the Civic Exchange [predicted]…Rising emissions from ships, which burn heavily polluting bunker fuel, will have seen shipping overtake the power industry as the biggest source of the colorless toxic gas sulphur dioxide last year…Nearly 400 Hong Kong people died last year from breathing in pollution from bunker fuel alone, he added…

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Article
20 September 2012

HK suffers most deaths in region from ship pollution [Hong Kong]

Author: Ada Lee, South China Morning Post [Hong Kong]

Hong Kong has suffered the most from ship emissions in the Pearl River Delta, with locals accounting for 75 per cent of deaths related to sulphur dioxide released from vessels…think tank [Civic Exchange] found…[T]he city saw 385 of the 519 deaths directly related to sulphur dioxide from ship emissions…The chemical can cause cancer and diseases in heart and blood vessels. The think tank…suggested the government make it compulsory that ships switch their fuel to 0.5 per cent sulphur at berth...Roberto Giannetta, secretary of the Hong Kong Liner Shipping Association, said it would cost a shipping line US$2 million a year to switch from conventional bunker fuel to low-sulphur clean fuel…[and] it was uncommon for ships in Hong Kong to use low-sulphur fuel because it was not available in the city.

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Article
19 September 2012

A Price Worth Paying: The Case for Controlling Marine Emissions in the Pearl River Delta [Hong Kong]

Author: Mike Kilburn at Civic Exchange, Simon K.W. Ng, Lin Chubin, Jimmy Chan, Agnes Yip, Alexis K.H. Lau, Jimmy Fung, Wu Dongwei, Li Ying at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hak-Kan Lai, Hilda Tsang, June Chau, Che Hei Lee, Sarah M. McGhee, Chit-Ming Wong at The University of Hong Kong

This report...focuses on...toxic exhaust emissions from ocean-going vessels – the most significant contributors of marine emissions. The findings show that marine sources of sulphur dioxide emissions currently account for 519 premature deaths per annum in the PRD. These deaths could be
reduced by 91% should an Emission Control Area mandating the use of fuels with lower sulphur content be introduced...

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Author: 思匯政策研究所 吳敏;香港科技大學 吳家穎、林楚彬、陳偉文、葉清琦、劉啟漢、馮志雄、鄔東偉、李瑩;香港大學 黎克勤、曾希達、周宗欣、李子熹、麥潔儀、黃浙明

這份報告...集中探討如何監管主要的船舶排放來源––即遠洋船的有毒廢氣排放。研究結果表明,目前來自船舶的二氧化硫排放量,造成珠三角地區每年519個提前死亡個案。如果排放控制區強制船舶使用低硫燃料,將可減少這些死亡個案達91%。報告所提出的另外三個管制方案雖然效果沒那麼全面,亦可減少遠洋船排放量及相關的公眾健康影響達41%至62%...

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