ILO issues a brief on the impact of Covid-19 on workers in Jordan and Lebanon incl. recommendations
The International Labour Organization (ILO) and Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research (Oslo, Norway) have conducted a survey to assess the impact of covid-19 on Syrian refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon. The survey highlights the challenges faced by workers and businesses and presents a set of recommendations for various stockholders including governments and donors.
The survey found, among other thuings, that 84% of the respondents lost their jobs permanently and temporarily due to the pandemic in Lebanon. More Syrian refugees lost their Jobs permanently (60%) or temporarily (31%), as compared to 39% Lebanese workers lost their jobs permanently and 38 temporarily. In addition, most of the Lebanese who were laid-off permanently were employed in the construction (50%), while the majority of Syrian who lost their jobs permanently were employed in the agriculture sector (66%) and construction (72%). Similarly, more Syrian workers lost their jobs permanently (35%) than Jordanian (17%). In both countries, more workers without contracts lost their jobs as compared to workers who have written contracts.
The survey provides a set of recommendations that include:
- Promoting the formalization of work in order to ensure inclusive and decent jobs for all, including Syrian refugees.
- Lebanese government should ease the procedures of work permits for Syrians through introducing a flexible scheme that allows access to all sectors.
- Lebanese and Jordanian governments should introduce a transparent programmes to support micro, small and medium businesses that provide a large number of jobs in both formal and informal sectors. These programmes could be designed in a way that supports formalization of work for all workers including Syrian refugees.
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Author: Maha Kattaa International Labour Organization (ILO)
This brief provides an overview of evidence on the impact of the pandemic on Syrian refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon to shed light on some of the most pressing issues facing workers and enterprises. Lessons learnt and recommendations are presented for governments, donors and development partners to support design and adaptations of employment interventions and policies to address the current crisis more effectively.