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International Rivers: Benchmarking the Policies and Practices of International Hydropower Companies

 

 
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Article
+ 繁體中文 - Hide

Author: 國際河流

…中國海外水電公司在全球實力與成熟度上不斷提升,同時這些水電公司也對與國際環保非政府組織對話表現出高度興趣,因此我們決定針對中國海外水電公司開展全球比照評估。自2009年起,國際河流不斷與中國水電公司(大部分是國有公司)互動,並關注其全球環境足跡…目前中國公司和銀行參與的水壩有300多座, 分佈在74個國家。中國水電公司的主要市場有東南亞、非洲以及最近興起的拉丁美洲。

許多水電站項目位於環境與社會風險較高的地區,因為其所在國家環保要求低、人權保護狀況差,有的還存在腐敗問題…

項目目的

  • 了解中國水電公司管理環境與社會風險的政策承諾與項目實踐;
  • 比較中國水電公司的環境與社會政策承諾,並評估其政策承諾在具體項目中的實踐狀況,同時關注表現良好、與國際標準和最佳實踐相一致的領域;
  • 就環境與社會風險管理方面對中國主要水電公司的競爭力進行排名;
  • 通過識別表現良好領域以及表現有待改進的領域,為中國水電公司以及整體行業提供具有建設性的信息。

公司和案例

第一階段工作評估對象為七家主要的中國海外水電公司,並開展了七個項目案例研究...

公司參與

為了更好地了解中國水電公司的公司政策承諾和項目實踐情況,本項目通過案頭研究、訪談和實地考察收集資料。由於大部分中國水電公司願意與國際環保非政府組織互動,本項目第一階段中公司參與度達到80%以上。為了保證分析的透明度,本項目在整個過程中不斷為參與評估的公司提供進展信息,分享所收集的資料,向公司披露初步結果,並邀請公司提供反饋意見…

下載報告全文: 上冊 下 ​​冊

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Author: 国际河流

…中国海外水电公司在全球实力与成熟度上不断提升,同时这些水电公司也对与国际环保非政府组织对话表现出高度兴趣,因此我们决定针对中国海外水电公 司开展全 球比照评估。自2009年起,国际河流不断与中国水电公司(大部分是国有公司)互动,并关注其全球环境足迹…目前中国公司和银行参与的水坝有300多座, 分布在74个国家。中国水电公司的主要市场有东 南亚、非洲以及最近兴起的拉丁美洲。

        许多水电站项目位于环境与社会风险较高的地区,因为其所在国家环保要求低、人权保护状况差,有的还存在腐败问题… 

项目目的

  • 了解中国水电公司管理环境与社会风险的政策承诺与项目实践;
  • 比较中国水电公司的环境与社会政策承诺,并评估其政策承诺在具体项目中的实践状况,同时关注表现良好、与国际标准和最佳实践相一致的领域;
  • 就环境与社会风险管理方面对中国主要水电公司的竞争力进行排名;
  • 通过识别表现良好领域以及表现有待改进的领域,为中国水电公司以及整体行业提供具有建设性的信息。

公司和案例

        第一阶段工作评估对象为七家主要的中国海外水电公司,并开展了七个项目案例研究...

 公司参与

       为了更好地了解中国水电公司的公司政策承诺和项目实践情况,本项目通过案头研究、访谈和实地考察收集资料。由于大部分中国水电公司愿意与国际环保非政府组 织互动,本项目第一阶段中公司参与度达到80%以上。为了保证分析的透明度,本项目在整个过程中不断为参与评估的公司提供进展信息,分享所收集的资料,向 公司披露初步结果,并邀请公司提供反馈意见…

下载报告全文:上册   下册

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Article
22 June 2015

China’s Global Dam Builders: Talking the Talk, Walking the Walk?

Author: Grace Mang, Co-Director of Programs, International Rivers

In recent years, the global hydropower market has changed dramatically. Once the province of Western firms, these days large new companies from China and other countries are dominating the market. In a remarkable turn of events, these new companies have committed to following national laws, World Bank policies, UN guidelines and other standards as they construct their projects. What does this mean in practice? Which companies perform best, and which are lagging behind? At International Rivers, we decided to find out by conducting an extended research project...

For practical reasons, we focused the first stage of our research effort on the seven most important overseas dam builders from China [Datang, Gezhouba, Huadian, Huaneng, Sinohydro International, PowerChina Resources, and Three Gorges], who collectively play a very strong role in the international dam building sector. We hope to expand this exercise to companies from other countries in the future...

Over an 18-month period, we discussed the questionnaire with the management of all seven companies. The companies took the process seriously. In numerous meetings, their managers went through policy documents with us, clarified field observations, and investigated grievances we had uncovered in our field work. In some cases, our meetings were the first encounter these companies had ever had with civil society groups.

Discussing policy commitments at corporate headquarters in Beijing was just the start. We identified typical projects for each company in Cambodia, Malaysia, Ecuador and other countries, and investigated what the various commitments meant in practice. Staying for an average of nine days, our researchers talked with local communities, government officials, workers, and company managers. Based on this research, we prepared two reports: a 26-page summary of our findings, and a detailed, 60-page compilation of our evidence.

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