Modern Slavery Index: Amplified risks in European supply chains

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Article
15 August 2017

Modern slavery risk on rise in European supply chains

Author: Sanne Wass, Global Trade Review

The European migrant crisis is forcing a sharp rise in human rights risks in European supply chains...includ[ing] the UK and Germany, which have moved up from 'low' to 'medium' risk in the annual Modern Slavery Index [conducted by consultancy Verisk Maplecroft]...[M]odern slavery risks have risen in 20 of the 28 member states of the EU over the last year, the research finds...Verisk Maplecroft points to the arrival of migrant populations in Europe as a key contributor for the increase in slavery, who it says are "extremely vulnerable to exploitation" across multiple sectors, including agriculture, construction and services. The five EU countries posing the highest risk are Romania, Greece, Italy, Cyprus and Bulgaria – countries that are key entry points for migrants into the region...Romania...is thus deemed as the country with the most deteriorating slavery situation globally...Turkey experienced the world's second-largest jump in the index...moving into the 'high risk' category. This was triggered by...the Syrian refugee influx, Turkey's restrictive work permit system and the low priority for policing labour violations...Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines and Thailand...all feature in the 'extreme' or 'high' risk categories. Ranked 21, China remains firmly established among the worst performing countries. The index's highest ranking nations include North Korea, Syria, South Sudan, Yemen, DR Congo, Sudan, Iran, Libya, Eritrea and Turkmenistan.

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Article
15 August 2017

Report: Migrant Crisis Escalating European Modern Slavery Risk

Author: Sustainable Brands

Approximately 21 million around the globe are victims of modern slavery, a number that has grown significantly over the last year as a result of the escalating migrant crisis in Europe, reveals an annual study...According to the Modern Slavery Index [by Verisk Maplecroft]...risks have risen in nearly three quarters of the 28 member states of the European Union...Romania and Italy...have the worst reported violations in the EU, including severe forms of forced labor, such as servitude and trafficking...Turkey experienced the world's second largest drop...slipping into the 'high risk' category...US [ranked] 'medium risk'...dangerously close to the 'high risk' threshold...partially due to a recent crackdown on undocumented migrants..."...Increases in such violations pose a risk to companies sourcing goods from the US, especially from the agricultural sector, as well as within the services industry." [according to analyst at Verisk Maplecroft]...Thailand and India both demonstrated significant improvement...but slavery still remains a significant problem.  In India, severe forms of slavery are common in construction, brick kilns, garment production, manufacturing and farming; while in Thailand, the worst abuses still frequently occur in sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture, fishing and rubber production...

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Article
10 August 2017

EU records largest increase in modern slavery, vulnerable migrants most at risk, finds global index 2017

Author: Umberto Bacchi, Thomson Reuters Foundation

The European Union recorded the largest increase in slavery of any world region in 2017, [...] analysts said... "The migrant crisis has increased the risk of slavery incidents appearing in company supply chains across Europe," said [...] senior human rights analyst at Verisk Maplecroft. Globally there are 21 million people in forced labour, including children, in a business worth $150 billion a year, according to the International Labour Organization (ILO)... Romania, Greece, Italy, Cyprus and Bulgaria [ranked] as the countries with the most slave labour within the EU... Globally, North Korea retained the top spot as having the worst record of slave labour, while, outside the EU, Turkey lost the most ground in the ranking, slipping into the "high risk" category. India improved the most, jumping from 15 to 49, while Thailand also made significant gains in the fight against slavery, moving up 21 places... [T]he index aim[s] at helping businesses identify countries most at risk of slave labour.

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Article
9 August 2017

Modern slavery risks increased in nearly 75% of EU member states over the last year, says study

Author: Verisk Maplecroft

"20 EU countries see rise in modern slavery risks - Study," 10 Aug 2017

Modern slavery risks have risen in nearly three quarters of the 28 member states of the European Union over the last year, reveals the 2nd edition of the annual Modern Slavery Index (MSI) from global risk consultancy Verisk Maplecroft... [T]he five EU countries posing the highest risk are Romania, Greece, Italy, Cyprus and Bulgaria [which are] key entry points for migrants into the region who are extremely vulnerable to exploitation. The research...[which] assesses 198 countries on the strength of their laws, the effectiveness of their enforcement and the severity of violations, shows drops in the scores for 20 countries across the bloc [the largest rise in risk of any region]. The slavery situation in Romania is deemed as deteriorating worse than any country globally... Romania and Italy...have the worst reported violations in the EU, including severe forms of forced labour, such as servitude and trafficking... Germany and the UK have seen slight negative shifts in their scores, taking them just over the ‘low risk’ threshold into the ‘medium risk’ category of the index... Outside of the EU, Turkey experienced the world’s second largest [rise in modern slavery]... India and Thailand, have...shown improvements in their scores [despite being categorised as 'extreme risk' on slavery violations], due to better efforts to enforce slavery related laws... China...remains firmly entrenched among the worst performing countries in the ‘extreme risk’ category. North Korea, Syria, South Sudan, Yemen, DR Congo, Sudan, Iran, Libya, Eritrea and Turkmenistan are rated by the Modern Slavery Index as posing the highest risk of all countries measured.

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