Myanmar: UN Fact-Finding Mission warns business against engaging with military

  • Report says actions of military, in particular in the context of “clearance operations” in northern Rakhine, have so seriously violated international law that any engagement in any form with the military and its businesses is indefensible until and unless they are transformed
  • Facebook and other social media platforms and messaging systems should allow for an independent and thorough examination of the use of their platform to spread messages for inciting to violence and discrimination
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Article
19 September 2018

Report of the detailed findings of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar

Author: UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar

The Human Rights Council established the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar in its resolution 34/22. In accordance with its mandate, the Mission focused on the situation in Kachin, Rakhine and Shan States since 2011. It also examined the infringement of fundamental freedoms, including the rights to freedom of expression, assembly and peaceful association, and the question of hate speech.

The Mission established consistent patterns of serious human rights violations and abuses in Kachin, Rakhine and Shan States, in addition to serious violations of international humanitarian law. These are principally committed by the Myanmar security forces, particularly the military. Their operations are based on policies, tactics and conduct that consistently fail to respect international law, including by deliberately targeting civilians. Many violations amount to the gravest crimes under international law. In the light of the pervasive culture of impunity at the domestic level, the mission finds that the impetus for accountability must come from the international community. It makes concrete recommendations to that end, including that named senior generals of the Myanmar military should be investigated and prosecuted in an international criminal tribunal for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

The present document contains the detailed findings of the Mission. Its principal findings and recommendations are provided in document A/HRC/39/64...

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Article
18 September 2018

Myanmar’s ‘Gravest Crimes’ Against Rohingya Demand Action, U.N. Says

Author: Nick Cumming-Bruce, New York Times

Rights Council in Geneva on Tuesday, chronicles in excruciating detail the atrocities that drove more than 750,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee into neighboring Bangladesh and that prompted the group to level accusations of genocide.

Myanmar has flatly denied that the military committed atrocities. It said troops were reacting to attacks by Rohingya militants on border security police and several villages.

“This explanation is flawed,” the United Nations panel retorted. “The killing was widespread, systematic and brutal.”

“At the core of every incident and every human rights violation we examined was the extreme brutality of the Myanmar military,” Marzuki Darusman, the panel’s chairman, told the United Nations Human Rights Council...

The panel has called on the United Nations Security Council to refer Myanmar to the International Criminal Court or to set up an international tribunal to prosecute those, including the army chief, who have been identified as responsible for the violence. It also urged the Security Council to introduce an arms embargo on Myanmar and to impose targeted sanctions on individuals, including travel bans and asset freezing.

“Any engagement in any form with the Tatmadaw, its current leadership and its businesses is indefensible,” the panel said, referring to the military...

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