Nigeria: Latest report by Amnesty says Shell, Eni negligent on Nigeria oil spills; includes company responses to Amnesty
In their latest report titled "Negligence in the Niger Delta: Decoding Shell and Eni's poor records on oil spills", Amnesty International (AI) has accused Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) and Italian oil giant Eni of “serious negligence” in cases of oil spills in the Delta region. The evidence presented in the report alleges that Shell and Eni are failing to fulfill their responsibility to respect the human rights of communities living in the Niger Delta. Amnesty concludes, “Shell and Eni are failing to operate responsibly and in line with Nigerian law and international best practice standards. For these reasons, Amnesty International considers Shell and Eni to be deliberately reckless and therefore willfully negligent Their failures are resulting in worse pollution in the Niger Delta, which has a negative impact on the rights of the people living there”. When contacted for response, Shell described AI’s claims as false and “without merit”. The oil company accused the organisation of failing to recognise that security – a sole prerogative of government – “remains a major concern” in its working environment. Reacting to AI’s report, Eni said it aims to achieve “zero spills target” in its operations. It said it has put measures in place to prevent oil spills, including “replacing pipelines, removing old clamps and early detection through increased surveillance and community engagement.
Shell and Eni responses to Amnesty International are attached in Annex 3 of the report by Amnesty attached.
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Author: Amnesty International (UK)
This report presents the ndings of a unique investigation into the operational practices of the oil industry in the Niger Delta. It is the result of hundreds of hours of work by more than 3,500 Amnesty International supporters and activists, based in 142 different countries. They took part in Decode Oil Spills, a ground-breaking online project for crowdsourcing research...According to the company JIV [Joint Investigation Visit] forms, the majority of spills during this period were caused by “third party interference.” Shell reported that more than 80% of spills along its network during this period were caused by sabotage and theft. Eni reported that 89% were. The companies say that this means that the majority of spills and resultant pollution were not their fault...The Decoders project reveals that while oil spills have occurred over the whole network of Shell and Eni’s oil wells and pipelines, a handful of spill “hotspots” were repeatedly affected. As these acts were predictable, Shell and Eni should have taken appropriate measures to help prevent them, such as stepping up surveillance patrols...Amnesty International’s analysis of JIV forms completed by the government regulator, the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), found that between 2014 and 2017, its agents had warned Eni on 162 different occasions to improve surveillance along the pipeline to prevent further spills...
New report by Amnesty International accuses Shell & Eni of "serious negligence" in cases of oil spills in Niger Delta region
Author: The Cable (Nigeria)
"Amnesty ‘uncovers’ serious negligence by Shell, Eni in Niger Delta oil spills", 16 March 2018
Amnesty International (AI) has accused Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) and Italian oil giant Eni of “serious negligence” in cases of oil spills in the Niger Delta region. In its latest research, AI said the “irresponsible approach” of the two companies to oil spills in the Niger Delta is worsening the environmental crisis and the plight of those affected. Mark Dummett, business and human rights researcher at AI, said while the two companies claim they are “doing everything they can to prevent oil spill,” it was found that “they often ignore reports of oil spills for months on end”.When contacted for response, Shell described AI’s claims as false and “without merit”. The oil company accused the organisation of failing to recognise that security – a sole prerogative of government – “remains a major concern” in its working environment...In the response sent to AI and signed by Massimo Insulla, vice-chairman of Nigerian Agip Oil Company Limited, its Nigerian subsidiary, Eni said regardless of the cause of oil spill, it is usually responsible for limiting its harm “by acting promptly to prevent the contamination, and then cleansing up of all pollution”.
Author: Sahara Reporters (New York)
London based rights group, Amnesty International (AI), says Royal Dutch Shel and Italian oil multinational, Eni, might have wrongly attributed 89 oil spills in Nigeria’s Delta to theft and sabotage. According to AI, 46 of the pollution incidents were triggered by Shel and 43 by Eni.“Amnesty International researchers have identified that at least 89 spills may have been wrongly labeled as theft or sabotage when in fact they were caused by ‘operational’ faults,” the London-based group said in a report released yesterday. “Of these, 46 are from Shell and 43 are from Eni. If confirmed, this would mean that dozens of affected communities have not received the compensation that they deserve,” the report read...At a petroleum summit held in Abuja, the Nigerian capital in February, the chairman of Shell subsidiaries in Nigeria, Osagie Okumbor, said less than 10 percent of the oil spills that happen in the Delta is caused by operational failures: “You and I living in that part of the world know that when you actually look at it, less than 10 percent, maybe five percent of these spills are as a result of operational failures. Well over 90 percent of what we are seeing is a result of theft and sabotage to facilities"...