Oral Statement of Friends of The Earth International on Examples of international instruments addressing obligations and responsibilities of private actors
Author: Friends of the Earth, Published on: 26 October 2016
...[I]t is important to remember although the responsibility that we demand in human rights violations are actors outside the state as important elements, it is the state apparatus that should take strong roles for enforcing the responsibility of TNCs, international financial institutions, and non-state actors, such as the banks supporting the corporate funding in the extractive industries. It is urgent to continue pushing the state to take responsibility for protecting human rights, particularly of extractive businesses and corporations who continue burning the forests and peat lands, worsening the quality of human life, destroying the ecosystem and violating human rights. The UN Treaty should apply to companies and including financiers found in breach of environmental and Human Rights laws in the whole supply chain, allowing charging them with criminal and financial sanctions. The future Treaty should establish a World Court on TNCs and Human Rights as a mechanism of international control, enforcement and implementation of binding rules, recognizing the criminal and civil liability of TNCs as legal persons.