Oxfam "Community Consent Index" evaluates 38 extractive companies' positions on free, prior & informed consent

Infographic on Community's right to decide. Credit: Oxfam

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Article
7 August 2015

Blog: "4 critical ways oil, gas, and mining companies must support local community rights"

Author: Emily Greenspan, Oxfam America

Over the last year, Oxfam reached out to 38 companies and invited them to discuss their FPIC or other community engagement policies with us. We spoke to companies headquartered in the US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, and South Africa, among other locations. Oxfam developed a spectrum of community engagement applicable to extractive industry projects that ranges from low (one-way information sharing) to high levels (recognition of FPIC). The figure below summarizes companies’ public commitments along the spectrum. All 38 companies in the sample at least commit to consultation or dialogue with communities.

FPIC-chart-OUS

Oxfam recommends that companies:

  1. Adopt an explicit and unambiguous policy commitment to FPIC and develop detailed accompanying implementation guidelines, making these publicly available;
  2. Extend FPIC commitments to include all project-affected communities, while recognising FPIC as a right under international law for indigenous peoples;
  3. Conduct thorough monitoring and evaluation of FPIC processes being implemented and disclose information publicly in a language and form understood by the community while these processes are underway; and
  4. Develop clear and overarching commitments to gender that respect the rights of both women and men, provide equal opportunity and equal access to mining benefits for both women and men, and involve both women and men in consultation, negotiation, and decision-making processes.

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Author: Emily Greenspan, Michelle Katz, Julie Kim, Serena Lillywhite, Chris Madden, Oxfam

"Índice de consentimiento previo de comunidades. Posturas públicas de empresas de petróleo, gas y minería sobre el consentimiento libre, previo e informado” , 23 de Julio de 2015

...Para muchas de las comunidades afectadas, el consentimiento libre, previo e informado (CLPI) es una herramienta fundamental para garantizar que tengan voz en la decisión sobre si los proyectos extractivos siguen adelante, y las condiciones en que lo hacen. Este informe analiza los compromisos públicos corporativos disponibles en relación con los derechos de las comunidades y el involucramiento comunitario. Los resultados del mismo apuntan a que el compromiso con el CLPI en el sector de la minería va en aumento, pero no así en el sector del petróleo y del gas, o en lo relativo a la participación de las mujeres en la toma de decisiones. [Se refiere a Anadarko, Anglo American, Angkor Gold, AngloGold Ashanti, Areva, Barrick Gold, BG Group, BHP Billiton, BP, Chevron, China Minmetals, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China Shenhua Energy (part of Shenhua Group), CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Corporation), ConocoPhillips, Eni, First Quantum Minerals, Freeport-McMoRan, Glencore, Gold Fields, Goldcorp, IamGold, Minerals and Metals Group (MMG) (part of China Minmetals), Newcrest, Newmont, Occidental Petroleum, OceanaGold, PanAust, Petrobras, PetroChina (part of China National Petroleum Corporation), Pluspetrol, Repsol, Rio Tinto, Statoil, Teck Resources, Total, Tullow Oil, Vale]

Gráfico_Espectro_de_involucramiento_comunitario_Oxfam

 

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Article
23 July 2015

Briefing finds increasing commitments to free, prior & informed consent in mining sector; low levels of commitment in oil & gas

Author: Emily Greenspan, Michelle Katz, Julie Kim, Serena Lillywhite, Chris Madden, Oxfam

"Community Consent Index 2015: Oil, gas, and mining company publ ic positions on Free, Prior,  and Informed Consent", Jul 2015

For many project-affected communities, Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) represents a critical tool for ensuring that they have a say in whether and how extractive industry projects move forward.   This policy brief examines publicly available corporate commitments regarding community rights and community engagement. The results suggest increasing commitments to FPIC in the mining sector but disappointing trends in relation to the oil and gas sector and women’s participation in decision making. [Refers to Anadarko, Anglo American, Angkor Gold, AngloGold Ashanti, Areva, Barrick Gold, BG Group, BHP Billiton, BP, Chevron, China Minmetals, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China Shenhua Energy (part of Shenhua Group), CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Corporation), ConocoPhillips, Eni, First Quantum Minerals, Freeport-McMoRan, Glencore, Gold Fields, Goldcorp, IamGold, Minerals and Metals Group (MMG) (part of China Minmetals), Newcrest, Newmont, Occidental Petroleum, OceanaGold, PanAust, Petrobras, PetroChina (part of China National Petroleum Corporation), Pluspetrol, Repsol, Rio Tinto, Statoil, Teck Resources, Total, Tullow Oil, Vale]

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