Papua New Guinea: Human rights impact assessment of Liquefied Natural Gas project provides recommendations on gender, security & conflict

Author: Nora Götzmann, Danish Institute for Human Rights & Nicholas Bainton, Univ. of Queensland, Published on: 12 February 2019

"Papua LNG Human Rights Impact Assessment: Focus on Gender, Security and Conflict", January 2019 

This summary report presents key findings and recommendations of a human rights impact assessment (HRIA) conducted for the Papua LNG Project (the Project)....

Gender

...To avoid discrimination, targeted engagement and consultation practices to ensure women’s participation will need to be implemented....

...Women tend to be marginalised in land and benefit-related decisionmaking. ...[S]pecific measures will need to be implemented to ensure that women’s rights and interests are represented.

...Measures to avoid and minimise the Project’s contribution to sexual and gender-based violence should include: engaging an independent third party to implement a community program addressing domestic violence....

...t. To avoid exacerbating or creating further marginalisation of women in the labour market, the following recommendations are therefore made: engage government actors on the development of the national content plan to ensure that direct employment and business opportunities extend to women...

Security

...PNG resource extraction projects are usually high-risk security environments and therefore thorough VPSHR implementation going forward is essential to avoid and address any associated adverse human rights impacts.

...In terms of security risk assessment and management, improvements can be made regarding: due diligence checks of private security providers....

Conflict

...[A] dedicated, comprehensive and gender sensitive community engagement and capacity building program must be a key and immediate priority....

...The project-level grievance mechanism in place meets many of the UN Guiding Principles’ effectiveness criteria in theory; however, it has not been extensively advertised. Promptly advertising the mechanism and periodically evaluating its effectiveness is therefore recommended....

...On the basis of existing baseline studies, additional analysis regarding potential future land shortages and/or adverse impacts on land would be worth undertaking to gauge potential impacts on food, water, cultural heritage and other livelihood factors.

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