UK: Ethics incl. human & data rights should be at centre of AI regulation, says House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence report

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Article
14 December 2018

Commentary: It is high time to bind new technology to basic constitutional principles in order to protect human rights, democracy and rule of law

Author: Paul Nemitz, The Royal Society Publishing

"...The principle of rule of law, democracy and human rights by design in AI is necessary because on the one hand the capabilities of AI, based on big data and combined with the pervasiveness of devices and sensors of the Internet of things, will eventually govern core functions of society, reaching from education via health, science and business right into the sphere of law, security and defence, political discourse and democratic decision making. On the other hand, it is also high time to bind new technology to the basic constitutional principles, as the absence of such framing for the Internet economy has already led to a widespread culture of disregard of the law and put democracy in danger, the Facebook Cambridge Analytics scandal being only the latest wake-up call in that respect.

The need for framing the future relationship between technology and democracy cannot be understood without an understanding of the extraordinary power concentration in the hands of few Internet giants..."

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Report
16 April 2018

AI in the UK: ready, willing and able?

Author: House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence

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Article
16 April 2018

UK can lead the way on ethical AI, says Lords Committee

Author: Parliament UK

[E]thics [should be] at the centre of AI’s development and use concludes a report by the House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence...

One of the recommendations of the report is for a cross-sector AI Code to be established, which can be adopted nationally, and internationally...

Other conclusions from the report include: ...

  • Individuals need to be able to have greater personal control over their data, and the way in which it is used. The ways in which data is gathered and accessed needs to change, so that everyone can have fair and reasonable access to data, while citizens and consumers can protect their privacy and personal agency. This means using established concepts, such as open data, ethics advisory boards and data protection legislation, and developing new frameworks and mechanisms...
  • Transparency in AI is needed. The industry, through the AI Council, should establish a voluntary mechanism to inform consumers when AI is being used to make significant or sensitive decisions...
  • It is not currently clear whether existing liability law will be sufficient when AI systems malfunction or cause harm to users, and clarity in this area is needed...

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Article
16 April 2018

UK: AI regulation should be in line with ethical principles & data rights, lawmakers say

Author: Alex Hern, The Guardian

Britain needs to lead the way on artificial intelligence regulation, in order to prevent companies such as Cambridge Analytica setting precedents for dangerous and unethical use of the technology, the head of the House of Lords select committee on AI has warned...

At the core of the committee’s recommendations are five ethical principles which, it says, should be applied across sectors, nationally and internationally:

  • Artificial intelligence should be developed for the common good and benefit of humanity.
  • Artificial intelligence should operate on principles of intelligibility and fairness.
  • Artificial intelligence should not be used to diminish the data rights or privacy of individuals, families or communities.
  • All citizens should have the right to be educated to enable them to flourish mentally, emotionally and economically alongside artificial intelligence.
  • The autonomous power to hurt, destroy or deceive human beings should never be vested in artificial intelligence.

The goal is not to write the principles directly into legislation [...] but rather to have them as a broad guiding beacon for AI regulation...

[T]he committee has identified a number of threats that mismanagement of AI could bring to Britain. One concern is of the creation of “data monopolies”... [refers to Facebook, Google and Tencent]

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