UN Special Rapporteur releases new report examining assembly & association rights in the context of natural resource exploitation

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In June 2015 Maina Kiai, the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association submitted a thematic report to the Human Rights Council, which focuses on assembly and association rights in the context of natural resource exploitation.  Below you can access the full report as well as a factsheet which summarises the report’s recommendations.

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Article
19 June 2015

UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of assembly & association calls for binding human rights treaty for corporations

Author: Maina Kiai, UN Special Rapporteur on rights of peaceful assembly & of association

"Natural resources sector: UN expert calls for binding human rights treaty for corporations", 18 Jun 2015

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai, called for a new treaty binding businesses to respect fundamental human rights, and for States and corporations to fully engage with civil society organizations in the context of natural resource exploitation. “Corporations play an outsized role in the decision-making processes about exploitation of natural resources. But they are not subject to legally binding human rights obligations,” Mr. Kiai told the UN Human Rights Council during the presentation of his latest report. “It is time to address this issue more robustly; corporations must not escape responsibility to safeguard human rights.” In response to these concerns, the Special Rapporteur called upon States to enact a legally binding human rights instrument that applies to all corporations, regardless of their size or geographical scope. “I am aware that some would rather strengthen compliance with the Guiding Principles than have a binding treaty. But this should not be an either/or matter: Both should be pursued to protect human rights.”

 

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Report
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Author: 马伊纳·吉埃

本报告是和平集会和结社自由权利问题特别报告员按人权理事会第15/21和第24/5号决议提交理事会的第四次报告。报告第一和第二部分概述了特别报告员2014年3月1日至2015年2月28日开展的活动。第三部分论述给行使和平集会和结社自由权利带来挑战的自然资源开采领域的法律和惯例。第四部分简述了特别报告员的结论和对各利益攸关方的建议。

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Author: 馬伊納·吉埃

本報告是和平集會和結社自由權利問題特別報告員按人權理事會第15/21和第24/5號決議提交理事會的第四次報告。報告第一和第二部分概述了特別報告員2014年3月1日至2015年2月28日開展的活動。第三部分論述給行使和平集會和結社自由權利帶來挑戰的自然資源開採領域的法律和慣例。第四部分簡述了特別報告員的結論和對各利益攸關方的建議。

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Item
4 June 2015

Report: Assembly and association rights in the context of natural resource exploitation

Author: UN Special Rapporteur on rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association

In this report, Special Rapporteur Maina Kiai examines the role that the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association play in opening space for genuine and effective participation across the spectrum of natural resource exploitation activities. He also examines how these rights help foster increased transparency and accountability, facilitate constructive dialogue, and ultimately form the basis for people’s ability to secure other substantive rights...The Special Rapporteur argues that such disregard for civil society input is counterproductive and divisive, and “is likely contributing to an erosion of confidence in the world’s prevailing economic system.” It is thus in the interest of both States and corporations to recognize actions by civil society groups both in support of and against the entire decision-making chain in natural resource governance, as a legitimate exercise by these individuals and groups of their rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association.

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Item
3 June 2015

Factsheet: FoAA rights & natural resource exploitation

Author: UN Special Rapporteur on rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association

What does the Special Rapporteur recommend?

  • States: Ensure an enabling environment in which civil society can access relevant information, participate in decision-making, and express opinions freely in the context of natural resource exploitation

  • States: Meet extraterritorial obligations, particularly by providing access to remedy for victims of violations of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association.

  • States: Enact an international legally-binding instrument on human rights standards for businesses, as proposed by Human Rights Council Resolution A/HRC/26/L.22 to apply to businesses working domestically and internationally

  • Corporations: Meet obligations to respect internationally accepted human rights in natural resource exploitation activities, including assembly and association rights

  • Corporations: Implement the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

  • Corporations: Adhere to international law standards on public participation and free prior and informed consent 

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Report
3 June 2015

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Maina Kiai

Author: Maina Kiai, UN Special Rapporteur on rights of peaceful assembly & of association

The present report is the fourth by the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association submitted to the Human Rights Council pursuant to Council resolutions 15/21 and 24/5. In sections I and II of the report, the Special Rapporteur provides an overview of the activities he carried out between 1 March 2014 and 28 February 2015. In section III, he addresses legislation and practices concerning natural resource exploitation that present challenges to the exercise of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association. The Special Rapporteur outlines his conclusions and recommendations to various stakeholders in section IV.

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