Voluntary Approaches to Corporate Responsibility: Readings and a Resource Guide
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Author: Rhys Jenkins, Peter Utting, Renato Alva Pino, United Nations Research Insitute for Social Development (UNRISD)
The first section, "Corporate Codes of Conduct: Self-Regulation in a Global Economy,"...details the changes that have taken place in corporate regulation, explores what is behind the growing numbers of corporate codes of conduct, and describes the different stakeholders involved. In the second section, "Regulating Business via Multistakeholder Initiatives: A Preliminary Assessment," Peter Utting outlines the move from state-led command and control regulation in the 1960s and 1970s, to corporate self-regulation in the 1980s and 1990s, to a more recent trend towards co-regulation. The third section provides sources of further information, including a bibliography and a number of related websites.
[PDF] Corporate social and environmental responsibility: selected sources of information - bibliography and websites
Author: Renato Alva Pino, United Nations Research Insitute for Social Development (UNRISD)
[Divided into the following sections: General; Codes of Conduct; Certification & reporting; Ethical investment; Fair trade; Regulation & globalisation; Partnerships; Movements; Critical perspectives & campaigns]
Author: Peter Utting, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
...this paper seeks to examine why multistakeholder initiatives have emerged as one of the dominant regulatory approaches in recent years...The schemes referred to include AA1000, the Clean Clothes Campaign, the Ethical Trading Initiative, the Fair Labor Association, the Forest Stewardship Council, the Global Alliance, the Global Compact, Global Framework Agreements, the Global Reporting Initiative, ISO 14001, the Marine Stewardship Council, SA8000, WRAP, and the Worker Rights Consortium. [refers to Gap, Unilever, Chiquita, Littlewoods, Aventis (now part of Sanofi-Aventis), Nike, Norsk Hydro, Rio Tinto, Dole]
Author: Rhys Jenkins, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
Codes of conduct should be seen as an area of political contestation, not as a solution to the problems created by the globalization of economic activity.