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Transition Minerals Tracker

Tracking the human rights implications of mining for key minerals for the transition to a net-zero carbon economy.

By the numbers

Responding to climate change with fast-paced deployment of renewable energy technologies has never been more urgent.

Wind turbines, solar panels, electric vehicles and battery storage require large quantities of minerals. Pressure to extract more bauxite, cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, nickel and zinc is intensifying.

Human rights and environmental abuses associated with mining operations are rising. Local communities, Indigenous peoples and Human Rights Defenders bear the brunt of the abuses. Their right to live in a clean and healthy environment is jeopardised by the water intensity of mining.

Respect for human rights, recognition of hosting communities as equal partners entitled to sustainable benefit and commitment by the Global North to curb demand for transition minerals should be reflected in policymaking, investment decisions and operational approaches.


of companies

% of companies with at least one allegation that have a human rights policies in place



Bauxite, cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, nickel, and zinc covered in the tracker


attacks on HRDs

Portion of allegations in the tracker which included an attack on HRDs



Human rights allegations related to extraction of transition minerals (2010-2022)


This tracker seeks to improve the human rights practices of 160 companies and their 220 mining operations producing the minerals vital to the renewable energy and electric vehicle sectors by shedding light on the key human rights risks in the geographies where they operate, and the human rights policies and practices of the most important companies in this sub-sector. To this end, users can:

  1. Understand who the biggest producers of seven key minerals needed for the low-carbon transition are, and where they operate;
  2. Explore the key human rights risks related to mining of these minerals, including key reports by partner organisations shedding light on egregious abuses;
  3. Identify whether these companies have human rights policies in place;
  4. Track hotspots where human rights allegations have been raised, find details and companies involved.

For more information on how the data was collected, please see our methodology.

Find a company

Find a company mining transition minerals to identify whether it has a human rights policy, and whether its activity has been linked to human rights allegations and attacks on human rights defenders. This tracker includes companies and allegations covered by our global and regional research. For further details on allegations, download the full data set below.

Latest analysis

We carry out regular deep-dive analysis of our global data, as well as key mining regions and the companies operating within them, shining a light on emerging issues and highest-risk countries and minerals.

Global Analysis 2024

Global Update analyses twelve years of allegations, from 2010 to 2023, and analyses 2023 trends

"You can't eat lithium" (2022)

Briefing exploring community consent and access to information in transition mineral mining exploration in Europe and North America

Análisis global 2024

La última actualización global ahora en español - latest Global Update now available in Spanish.

Who should care about the human rights record of transition minerals mining companies?

Mining companies must first and foremost prevent abuse in their projects, and provide remedy when having caused or contributed to them.

Corporate responsibility extends through the whole renewable energy value chain. Renewable energy companies and their investors must make an urgent priority to ensure their mineral supply chains are not riddled with abuses. Governments must insist on corporate liability if companies persist with abuse in their operations or supply chains.

BHRRC Renewable Energy & Human Rights Benchmark Briefing

Renewable energy companies sourcing transition minerals (2023)

Manufacturers and developers in renewable energy value chains need to do their due diligence when sourcing key minerals for solar panels, wind turbines and electric vehicles: find out about their current human rights commitments and practices


Investing in renewable energy to power a just transition (2022)

Investors should influence the development of a renewable energy industry that respects human rights, including through its mineral supply chains