Inter-American Commission report on indigenous peoples in isolation - refers to extractive industries

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Article
29 July 2014

IACHR Publishes Report: “Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation and Initial Contact in the Americas”

Author: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

…The…report…addresses the situation of peoples…who do not have permanent relations with today’s predominant national societies…[T]here is a high and continuously growing demand for the natural resources found in their territories…This demand generates incursions of non-indigenous persons into their territories that put their existence at risk… Despite…legal protections, in practice the prohibitions on access to those areas are not always respected or enforced…One of the fundamental premises of the report is respect for these indigenous peoples’ decision not to have contact and their choice to remain in isolation…[M]ost incursions into their territories take place in the context of extraction of natural resources…This wide range of activities resulting in direct or indirect contact increases the possibility of transmission of diseases for which these indigenous peoples have no immunological defences…[The] report includes recommendations for those States with a presence of indigenous peoples in voluntary isolation or initial contact…

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Report
30 December 2013

Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation and Initial Contact in the Americas

Author: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

The western hemisphere is home to the largest number of indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation and initial contact in the world… Indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation…are holders of human rights in a unique situation of vulnerability…Respect for the human rights of the peoples in isolation…requires a framework fully respectful of their right to self-determination… the right to health, and their right to the lands…[T]his Report presents a general introduction to the human rights situation of these peoples. It also compiles the main sources of law from the inter-American and universal human rights systems for their protection, identifies the threats to the full enjoyment of their human rights, and makes a series of recommendations to the member States of [OAS]…The IACHR considers that…due to the structural nature of the challenges, it is necessary to undertake immediate actions that contribute to protecting the rights of these peoples…

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