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31 Mar 2020

Maurício Angelo, translated by Matt Rinaldi, Mongabay

Anglo American seeking to mine on indigenous lands in Brazil’s Amazon

Mining giant Anglo American has plans to dig for copper, gold, nickel and manganese on indigenous lands in the Brazilian Amazon, records obtained by Mongabay show. Anglo American...has submitted applications alongside two of its Brazilian subsidiaries, Itamaracá and Tanagra, according to the records...The three companies submitted a combined 296 applications since the 1990s for research and availability on indigenous reserves...The most recent applications filed by Anglo American are for copper exploration inside the Sawré Muybu Indigenous Reserve, home to the Munduruku people, in the state of Pará. It submitted five applications from 2017 to 2019, indicating it was hopeful of the kind of deregulation now being proposed by the Bolsonaro administration...In a note, Anglo American said only that it has “filed applications for mineral research in the Amazon based on available geological data. The responsible authorities will decide whether or not to grant us the authorization to conduct mineral research. Anglo American only conducts mineral research in properly authorized areas.” It did not say whether its shareholders around the world were aware of its applications to mine in the Amazon, including on indigenous lands...The records seen by Mongabay show that, in 2015, Anglo American and its subsidiaries Tanagra and Itamaracá withdrew 111 applications to explore for gold, nickel and copper on various indigenous lands...Anglo American confirmed to Mongabay its withdrawal of the applications in question, but did not confirm whether it intends to once again bid for the same areas...