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Haiti: Farmers defend their land against industrial park through dialogue process

"When Hope is Power: Haitian Farmers Defend Land Rights in Historic Dialogue Process", January 2020

...In December 2018, the Kolektif Peyizan Viktim Tè Chabè – a collective of Haitian farmers and their families representing nearly 4,000 people – signed a historic agreement with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the Haitian government to restore their livelihoods. These families had been forced from their farmland in 2011 to make way for the Caracol Industrial Park (CIP), a large industrial facility financed by the IDB, the U.S. Government and others. The CIP was constructed on 250 hectares of the most fertile agricultural land in the area.

The produce previously cultivated on that land provided the primary source of food and income to the displaced families, some of whom had farmed the land for generations. They waited almost three years for promised replacement land, only to be told that most families would instead receive an inferior cash compensation package. That compensation proved Livelihoods lost inadequate to establish new livelihoods, leaving the families struggling to meet their basic needs.

The December 2018 agreement was the result of a complaint filed by the Kolektif to the Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI) of the IDB to demand accountability and remedy for the harm caused by the displacement. The complaint triggered a dialogue process between representatives of the Kolektif, the IDB, and the Haitian government, facilitated by MICI. The agreement provides support for livelihoods through a combination of land, employment opportunities, agricultural equipment and training, and support for micro-enterprise. This dialogue process can serve as a model for communities around the world who are working to address harm from international investment...