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23 Nov 2022

Indonesia Weda Bay Industrial Park (IWIP)

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Indonesia Weda Bay Industrial Park (IWIP), North Maluku, Indonesia

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The Indonesia Weda Bay Industrial Park (IWIP)  is a mega-nickel integrated mining and smelter project and also the “first vertical, from mine mouth to finished products, integrated Electric Vehicle battery and stainless steel industry complex in the world”. It is located in Weda, Central Halmahera Regency, North Maluku, Indonesia. The IWIP is one of Indonesia’s strategic projects, designed to expand its domestic nickel processing capacity after the country banned unprocessed ore exports. It is a joint venture between three Chinese companies, namely Tsingshan Group (40% shareholding through its subsidiary Perlus Technology), Huayou Group (30%) and Zhenshi Group (30%).

Environmental Impacts

Visible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming

Health Impacts

Visible: Other environmental related diseases

Other Health impacts

Respiratory diseases due to air pollution indicated by local residents

Socio-economical Impacts

Visible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place