Nacilio Macario, an indigenous Mayangna in Nicaragua, campaigned against illegal gold mining and logging taking place in his community. He was allegedly killed by settlers on 14 November 2020, while taking water and food to members of communities protecting their land. Previously on 5 November 2020, he had reportedly received death threats by five people allegedly linked to the gold mining company Exportadora de Metales S.A. (EMSA). Macario and his Indigenous community had been peacefully protesting against the company's expansion since 2017. These attacks have occurred in a context of socio-political and human rights crisis, that worsened since 2018. The laws approved recently by the National Assembly further restrict the civic and democratic space. Since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic health crisis, attacks on Mayangna communities in the Bosawás Reserve have increased, including the forced displacement of 30 families from the Sangni Laya community.