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[PDF] Report of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences, Gulnara Shahinian

Children working in artisanal mines and quarries are subject to a series of violations of human rights and very often find themselves in conditions that amount to contemporary forms of slavery...Children are often treated by their employers as commodities – replaceable cheap labour to be thoroughly exploited...Children working in this sector face particular, and in some cases a combination of, physical, psychological, economic and sexual exploitation not found in other areas where children work...Root causes, manifestations and aggravating factors that lead to child slavery in the mining and quarrying sector...Companies should comply with all applicable laws and respect human rights standards, particularly those on child labour and slavery-like practices. Businesses are required to comply with international agreements ratified by the country in which they operate and when they operate internationally.