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[PDF] The TPPA and Indigenous Peoples: Lessons From Latin America

On 14 November 2009 in Tokyo, President Obama confirmed US support for a Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement with the goal of shaping a regional agreement with ‘high standards worthy of a 21st century trade agreement’...Little or no information on this initiative is available in Latin America. Indigenous peoples of the region, who have strongly opposed free trade agreements with the US and other leading economies that were signed by several states in the region in the last few years, are even less informed of its existence. Their opposition is rooted in experience...FTAs have triggered investment in natural resource extraction in their lands and territories, with devastating implications for many of their communities. Protest against such investments has been repressed and criminalised...This chapter analyses the efforts of the US government in the last two decades to expand its free trade model throughout the Americas...It examines the implications of that model and its implementation for indigenous peoples...It focuses in particular on the FTAs entered into by the US with Mexico, Chile and Peru. The final section...focuses on the arguments made by indigenous peoples and by human rights analysts when rejecting the imposition of previous FTAs in violation of obligations arising from international human rights treaties...[refers to Codelco, Barrick Gold, Cerro Colorado (subsidiary of BHP Billiton)]

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