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Report analyses role of human rights treaty bodies in enforcing States' duty to protect people from adverse impacts of climate change

In 2018, the human rights treaty bodies of the United Nations (UN) made an unprecedented number of recommendations to States concerning their legal obligations to protect people from the adverse impacts of climate change, according to a new report by the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) and the Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (GI-ESCR).

The report, States' Human Rights Obligations in the Context of Climate Change - 2019 Update, reveals the increasing engagement of these UN human rights institutions on climate change and identifies how these bodies could play an important role in holding states accountable for their climate-related obligations in the future. In particular, the human rights institutions have increasingly stressed the importance of States acting on the root causes of climate change, such as the extraction and financing of fossil fuels. The 2019 update reviews the role of states in addressing human rights and climate change accross different human rights treaties and summarizes key statements relating to specific climate issues, such as emission reduction and international cooperation, from various human rights treaty bodies (HRTBs). 

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