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Report: The “Canada Brand”: Violence and Canadian Mining Companies in Latin America

This is the first report to profile specific forms of violence and criminalization associated with Canadian mining projects in Latin America over a fifteen year period…[W]e provide observations about the violent incidents studied…make observations about the degree of company disclosure…identify four questions about company responsibility for the violence and criminalization…[and] we reflect on the current state of Canadian government policies and legislation…Of the 14 countries that we studied,  deaths  occurred in 11; injuries were suffered in 13;  and legal  complaints, warrants, arrests and detentions, were issued in 12. Physical violence was by far most prevalent in Guatemala, which accounted for 27.3% of deaths, 50% of disappearances, 22% of injuries, and 73.3% of instances of sexual violence. By contrast, criminalization and legal complaints were most prevalent in Mexico, which accounted for 42.3% of warrants and legal complaints, and 13.2% of arrests, detentions, and charges. It should be noted that Mexico was home to the highest number of mining projects (6) linked to reported violence…[Refers to Aura Minerals, Ascendant Holding, B2Gold, Barrick Gold, BHP Billiton, Blackfire Exploration, Candente Copper, Cornerstone Capital Resources, Corriente Resources, Fortuna Silver, Glencore, Goldcorp, Gran Colombia Gold, Greenstone, Guyana Frontier Mining, Hudbay Minerals, IAMGOLD, Kokopelli, MAG Silver, Manhattan, Mitsubishi Corporation, New Gold Minerals, Minefinder, Pacific Rim, Petaquilla Mining, Radius Gold, South American Silver, Tahoe Resources, Teck, Torex Gold Resources, Voyageur Minerals & Yamana Gold]

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