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Spain: WILPF publishes report on the human rights of women who are seasonal migrant workers in Andalusia

"Los Derechos Humanos de las Mujeres Migrantes Temporeras en Andalucia", May 2021

The need to further analyse the situation of women who, from other countries, come to [Spain] to carry out temporary work in the fruit-picking industry is unavoidable... the conditions in which such important work is carried out are, in general, precarious. Although labor exploitation is widespread in the agriculture sector, conditions are exacerbated when it comes to migrants. Human rights are directly affected by depriving these people of an adequate and regular salary, and decent housing...To this scenario of profound human rights violations must be added an essential factor: discrimination based on gender and, in some cases, gender-based violence... This report is a qualitative study on the human rights of temporary migrant women in Andalusia...
... In 2017, Moroccan temporary workers hired in their origin country and displaced to Huelva sued the company Doñana 1998 SL for non-payment, poor working conditions, denial of access to health, abuse and sexual assault, without an investigation having been carried out...In 2018, other complaints were also filed...

... the specific situation of temporary workers in the Andalusian countryside is analysed, taking into account two key questions: what is the hiring process of these women in their country of origin and what their working conditions are... [the] study analyses in detail all the human rights violations that, in view of all the research carried out, temporary migrant women suffer when they move to Andalusia to work...

...Migrant women seasonal workers coming to Andalusia have experienced precarious conditions, social isolation, lack of understanding at all ends of their work situation, violations of their most basic rights, precariousness and, ultimately, gender-based violence (yet to be proven) carried out in the work environment without any support from the Trade Unions (as their name indicates: of workers).

The improvements introduced by employers in recent campaigns are commendable, but at the same time insufficient. Equally insufficient have been the measures taken on the occasion of the pandemic...The continuous violations of human rights to which migrant women seasonal workers in Andalusia are exposed must be addressed by national and international institutions. In this regard, it is urgent to address the disastrous humanitarian situation of migrants living in an irregular situation in the so-called "settlements" of Huelva and Almeria. Specifically, these women live in a situation that is far from precarious employment, which, it seems, leaves them exposed to networks of human trafficking and labor and sexual exploitation, which should be the subject of a separate and thorough investigation. Thus, the information analysed in this report seems to be only the tip of the iceberg of a myriad of violations of the human rights of migrant women in an irregular situation...


[Unofficially translated from Spanish]

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