UN Office on Drugs & Crime 3rd global report on trafficking in persons highlights links between trafficking flows, migration routes & conflict
“Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2016", 21 Dec 2016
No country is immune from trafficking in persons…Over the last 10 years, the profile of detected trafficking victims has changed. Although most detected victims are still women, children and men now make up larger shares of the total number of victims than they did a decade ago...In parallel…the share of victims who are trafficked for forced labour has also increased…The share of detected trafficking cases that are domestic…has also increased significantly…Trafficking for sexual exploitation and for forced labour are the most prominently detected forms...Certain trafficking flows resemble migration flows, and some sizable international migration flows are also reflected in cross-border trafficking flows…People escaping from war and persecution are particularly vulnerable to becoming victims of trafficking…rapid [legislative] progress means that more victims are assisted and protected, and more traffickers are put behind bars. However, most national legislation is recent... As a consequence, the average number of convictions still remains low.