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Merging Business and Human Rights in China: Still A Long Way to Go

"...This  paper  presents  a  general  map  of  the  current  legal  and  business  issues   in   China   that   impact   on   human   rights.  It explains the expansion and development of the   notion of corporate social responsibility in Chinese law, and the gap between law and practice. A  case study on PetroChina Company Limited , one of the leading state - owned   enterprises   in   China,   presents   efforts   on   improving   its  corporate  social  responsibility  system  and  on  using  international  framework on business and human rights in its operations. However,  challenges  concerning  respect  for  human  rights  in  its  operations  within  China  and  overseas  are  prominent  as  well.  Thus,  there  is  a  discussion  on  concrete  measures  with  respect  to  specific  human  rights   issues.   Finally,   based   on   the   current   situation,   general  comments  on  advancing  human  rights - based  access  to  justice  in  business practices in China are provided at the last part of the paper..."

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Author: 黃鐘、程騫 (武漢大学), 太平洋人権情報センター





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31 May 2014

Merging Business and Human Rights in China: Still A Long Way to Go

Author: Huang Zhong & Cheng Qian (Wuhan University), on Asia-Pacific Human Rights Information Center

The 2004 amendments to the Constitution...guarantees…private property and human rights…However, constitutional rights in China are not bases for legal action since constitutional court and judicial review mechanism do not yet exist. This…is deemed to be the greatest defect of the…legal system…In 2012, the…government adopted its second National Human Rights Action Plan…[which] has become a basis for assessing the work being done by the…government on human rights.

In January 2008, the State- Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC) published the Guide Opinion on Social Responsibility Implementation for State-owned Enterprises Controlled by the Central Government (Guide Opinion). The Guide Opinion is regarded as an important legal document…

…Transnational corporations are typically under pressure from their stakeholders to adopt specific CSR principles and policies. As a result, incorporating CSR into supplier sourcing decisions are practices that would diffuse CSR policies throughout Chinese companies…

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