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Report

7 Jul 2021

Author:
FairSquare: Five Corridors Project

Executive Summary

More people are migrating for work each year. According to an ILO study, at least 164 million people were working outside their own countries in 2017 - an 11% increase on the same study four years before and a figure equivalent to the entire population of Bangladesh, representing 4.7% of the global workforce. This large-scale movement of people predominantly involves workers from lower income countries migrating to wealthier countries and reflects the important role that migrants play in the labour markets of these countries.

Increasingly, as a result of economic, political and technological shifts during the last century, migration for work has increasingly become temporary or “circular”, with workers returning to their origin countries at the end of their contracts, sometimes re-migrating multiple times but not settling, under visa regimes which do not allow for long term residency. A private industry has developed to service this movement of people across international borders, matching workers with employers across legal, bureaucratic, linguistic and geographical barriers...

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