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20 Jun 2022

European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR)

Switzerland: OECD complaint over alleged Syngenta pesticide poisonings ends without agreement or remedy for Indian farmers due to pending court case

"Yavatmal pesticide poisonings: Syngenta gets away without providing remedy to Indian farmers", 17 June 2022

In autumn 2017, hundreds of farmers and farm workers suffered severe poisoning while spraying pesticides on cotton fields in the central Indian district of Yavatmal. 23 of them died. While Syngenta still denies any responsibility for the events, official police records from local authorities show that 96 cases of poisoning, two of which led to fatalities, were linked to a Syngenta insecticide going by the name of “Polo”.

In September 2020, the Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisoned Persons (MAPPP), the Pesticide Action Network India (PAN India) and Asia Pacific (PAN AP), the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) and Public Eye submitted a complaint with the Swiss NCP for the OECD Guidelines. The complaint demanded that Syngenta provides financial compensation to a group of 51 affected farmers and that it adopts meaningful measures to prevent future cases of poisoning.

In December 2020, the NCP accepted the complaint and four mediation meetings were held in 2021. However, the process ended with no agreement...

Syngenta repeatedly asserted that it could not discuss whether Polo has caused the poisonings alleged in the complaint because of judicial proceedings before a Swiss civil court. The Swiss NCP followed Syngenta’s line of argument and allowed the company to hide behind the pending court case, which was filed independently of the OECD complaint by a survivor of a severe case of poisoning and the families of two farmers who died.

This contradicts the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP). Ensuring that businesses are held accountable and providing access to effective remedy for victims is “a vital part” of a State’s duty to protect against business-related human rights abuses, the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights said in a recent report. “The group of 51 farmers and their families should not be deprived of their right to access remedy through a non-judicial process simply because another group of victims chose to file a civil lawsuit”, said Marcos Orellana, UN Special Rapporteur on Toxics and Human Rights...

The NCP procedure as applied in Switzerland today once again demonstrates the shortcomings of this non-judicial mechanism that relies entirely on the goodwill of corporations and falls short of providing remedy for victims of human rights abuses. It is disconcerting that the Swiss NCP even refuses, as a matter of principle, to issue a determination whether a company violated the OECD Guidelines on Multinational Enterprises in such cases.