Second Belt and Road Forum held in Beijing

The Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held in Beijing, China in April 2019. In the Joint Communique released after the Leaders' Roundtable, country leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and stressed that cooperation will be "open, green and clean". They also called on all market players in the Belt and Road cooperation to fulfill their corporate social responsibility and follow the principles of UN Global Compact. 

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Author: 第二届一带一路国际合作高峰论坛

“共建「一带一路」 开创美好未来 - 第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛 圆桌峰会联合公报”, 2019年4月27日

... [国家领导人]聚首北京,出席主题为“共建‘一带一路’、开创美好未来”的第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛领导人圆桌峰会…峰会由中华人民共和国主席习近平主持…

… 再次确认对落实联合国2030年可持续发展议程的承诺。我们重申,促进和平、发展与人权,推动合作共赢,尊重《联合国宪章》宗旨原则和国际法,是我们的共同责任…

… 我们将坚持共商共建共享。我们强调法治和为所有人创造公平机会的重要性,将在自愿参与和协商一致的基础上开展政策对接和项目合作,责任共担,成果共享。各国都是平等的合作伙伴,尊重开放、透明、包容和公平营商环境… 我们将坚持开放、绿色、廉洁… 我们重视促进绿色发展,应对环境保护及气候变化的挑战,包括加强在落实《巴黎协定》方面的合作。我们鼓励各方在建设廉洁文化和打击腐败方面作出更多努力。我们追求高标准、惠民生、可持续。相关合作将遵守各国法律法规、国际义务和可适用的国际规则标准…

… 为促进共同发展,我们欢迎各方采取稳健的宏观经济政策,鼓励就落实可持续发展议程开展相关讨论。我们将在联合国和其他多边机制加强宏观经济政策对话,并在已有进展的基础上促进各方发展规划和互联互通倡议的对接…

为实现项目可持续性… 我们呼吁“一带一路”合作的所有市场参与方履行企业社会责任,遵守联合国全球契约…

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Author: 第二屆一帶一路國際合作高峰論壇

“共建「一帶一路」 開創美好未來- 第二屆“一帶一路”國際合作高峰論壇圓桌峰會聯合公報”, 2019年4月27日

... [國家領導人]聚首北京,出席主題為“共建'一帶一路'、開創美好未來”的第二屆“一帶一路”國際合作高峰論壇領導人圓桌峰會…峰會由中華人民共和國主席習近平主持…

… 再次確認對落實聯合國2030年可持續發展議程的承諾。我們重申,促進和平、發展與人權,推動合作共贏,尊重《聯合國憲章》宗旨原則和國際法,是我們的共同責任…

… 我們將堅持共商共建共享。我們強調法治和為所有人創造公平機會的重要性,將在自願參與和協商一致的基礎上開展政策對接和項目合作,責任共擔,成果共享。各國都是平等的合作夥伴,尊重開放、透明、包容和公平營商環境… 我們將堅持開放、綠色、廉潔… 我們重視促進綠色發展,應對環境保護及氣候變化的挑戰,包括加強在落實《巴黎協定》方面的合作。我們鼓勵各方在建設廉潔文化和打擊腐敗方面作出更多努力。我們追求高標準、惠民生、可持續。相關合作將遵守各國法律法規、國際義務和可適用的國際規則標準…

… 為促進共同發展,我們歡迎各方採取穩健的宏觀經濟政策,鼓勵就落實可持續發展議程開展相關討論。我們將在聯合國和其他多邊機制加強宏觀經濟政策對話,並在已有進展的基礎上促進各方發展規劃和互聯互通倡議的對接…

為實現項目可持續性… 我們呼籲“一帶一路”合作的所有市場參與方履行企業社會責任,遵守聯合國全球契約…

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2 May 2019

China: Joint Communique of 2nd Belt and Road Forum highlights promotion of human rights and sustainable development

Author: The Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation

“Joint Communique of the Leaders' Roundtable of the 2nd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation”, 27 April 2019

[Country leaders] met in Beijing… for the Leaders' Roundtable of the 2nd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation themed on Belt and Road Cooperation: Shaping a Brighter Shared Future… The Leaders' Roundtable was chaired by President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of China...

... reaffirming our commitment to the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, we reiterate that promoting peace, development and human rights, mutually-beneficial cooperation, and honoring the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and international law are our common responsibilities...

Such cooperation will be based on extensive consultation, joint efforts, shared and mutual benefits. We emphasize the importance of the rule of law and equal opportunities for all. We endeavor to move on with policy and project cooperation through voluntary participation and consensus-building, based on common responsibility and outcomes. All states are equal partners for cooperation that respects openness, transparency, inclusiveness and level playing field... Such cooperation will be open, green and clean… We underline the importance of promoting green development and addressing the challenges of environmental protection and climate change including by enhancing our cooperation to implement the Paris Agreement. We encourage more efforts in building a culture of integrity and combating corruption. Such cooperation will pursue high standard, people-centered and sustainable development. We will work together in line with our national legislation, regulatory frameworks, international obligations, applicable international norms and standards... 

To sustain common development, we welcome sound macroeconomic policies, encourage discussions with regard to Sustainable Development Agenda and will work together to enhance macroeconomic policy dialogue at the UN and other multilateral fora, and promote synergies among related development plans and connectivity initiatives based on the progress already made…

In the interest of sustainability, we... call on all market players in the Belt and Road cooperation to fulfill their corporate social responsibility and follow the principles of UN Global Compact... 

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30 April 2019

China: Voices of people directly affected by Belt and Road projects should be heard

Author: The Diplomat

“The Missing Voices at China’s Belt and Road Summit”, 25 April, 2019

… missing from the [Belt and Road Initiative] summit will be the purported beneficiaries themselves: the communities and people who will be directly impacted by these mega-projects… lessons need to be learned – and quickly – from the mistakes of Chinese investment projects already underway.

Take the communities in southern Vietnam’s Binh Thuan province... The lucrative coal-fired power plant [Vinh Tan-2 power station], completed in 2014, has resulted in a dramatic increase in pollution in the local area... The potential health and environmental impact on the community was laid bare in a Vietnamese state audit issued in March 2019, which exposed “great environmental risks” related to the discharge of ash, as well as illegally high levels of nitrogen oxide emissions, illegal discharge of waste water into the sea, and inadequate environmental supervision at the power plant.

The troubles at Vinh Tan and elsewhere… highlight the dangers of developing a multi-billion-dollar infrastructure project without consulting the local community about it first. Critics of the two Santa Cruz Hydroelectric Dams in Argentina allege the project was carried out without consent from indigenous communities and without proper environmental impact assessments…

Foreign investment within and across regions can increase economic productivity and raise living standards. Done right, infrastructure has the potential to help states realize their human rights obligations by delivering, for example, better access to food, sanitation services, clean water, and employment opportunities. But highways, dams, and power plants also have the potential to tear communities apart and result in people being forcibly removed from their homes and land without adequate safeguards.

Part of ensuring that projects are sustainable comes from giving the communities that are most affected a say in how those projects are designed and implemented. This requires being transparent about plans and risk assessments and seeking meaningful input from a variety of stakeholders. It also means demonstrating to people that their concerns will be taken seriously, and that when issues are exposed they will be resolved fairly and effectively… those who are at risk of human rights violations must be given a platform to demand protection of their rights and mitigate potential harm and risks… [Also refers to China Development Bank]

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30 April 2019

China: Xi Jinping says Belt and Road Initiative must be green and sustainable

Author: Brenda Goh & Cate Cadell, Reuters (UK)

“China's Xi says Belt and Road must be green, sustainable”, 25 April 2019

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) must be green and sustainable, President Xi Jinping said in opening a [Belt and Road Initiative] summit on his grand strategy, adding that the massive infrastructure and trade plan would deliver “high-quality” growth for all… Xi said in a keynote speech on Friday that environmental protection must underpin the initiative “to protect the common home we live in”. “Operate in the sun and fight corruption together with zero tolerance... Building high-quality, sustainable, risk-resistant, reasonably priced, and inclusive infrastructure will help countries to fully utilize their resource endowments,” he said…

Western governments have tended to view the plan as a means to spread Chinese influence abroad, saddling poor countries with unsustainable debt. While most of the BRI projects are continuing as planned, some have been caught up by changes in government in countries such as Malaysia and the Maldives. Those that have been shelved for financial reasons include a power plant in Pakistan and an airport in Sierra Leone… [Also referred to China Railway Construction Corp, Mengniu Dairy]

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Author: Joshua Rosenzweig, The Diplomat


“中国一带一路高峰论坛中所缺少的声音”, 2019年4月25日

… 一带一路高峰论坛中缺少了理应是受惠者的人士的声音: 受这些大型项目直接影响的社区及人士… 需要很快地从中​​国正在进行的投资项目中的错误学习…

以越南南部宁阮省的社区为例… 赚钱的燃煤发电厂[永新2号发电站]在2014年完工,令该地区的污染大幅加剧… 在2019年3月发布的一项越南国家审计中公布了对社区造成的潜在健康和环境影响, 指出与排放灰烬、非法大量排放氮氧化物、非法排放污水到大海及在发电厂缺乏足够环境监察相关的”巨大环境风险”。

在宁阮和其他地方的问题… 突显了在没有事先咨询当地社区的情况下发展数以十亿元计的基础建设项目的风险。批评两个在阿根廷圣克鲁斯省的水力发电水霸的人士指,项目在没有与原住民社区取得共识和没有正式环境影响评估的情况下进行…


要确保项目可持续发展,其中一环是要让最受影响的社区有机会就如何设计和落实项目发声。这需要保持项目和风险评估的透明度,及从不同的持份者取得有意义的意见。这也需要向人们展示他们的顾虑会被慎重处理,以及问题曝光后被公平有效地解决… 面对违反人权风险的人士一定要得到一个让他们提出要求保障权利和减低潜在损害和风险的平台… [文章亦有提及国家开发银行]

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Author: Joshua Rosenzweig, The Diplomat


“中國一帶一路高峰論壇中所缺少的聲音”, 2019年4月25日

… 一帶一路高峰論壇中缺少了理應是受惠者的人士的聲音: 受這些大型項目直接影響的社區及人士… 需要很快地從中​​國正在進行的投資項目中的錯誤學習…

以越南南部寧阮省的社區為例… 賺錢的燃煤發電廠[永新2號發電站]在2014年完工,令該地區的污染大幅加劇… 在2019年3月發布的一項越南國家審計中公佈了對社區造成的潛在健康和環境影響, 指出與排放灰燼、非法大量排放氮氧化物、非法排放污水到大海及在發電廠缺乏足夠環境監察相關的”巨大環境風險”。

在寧阮和其他地方的問題… 突顯了在沒有事先諮詢當地社區的情況下發展數以十億元計的基礎建設項目的風險。批評兩個在阿根廷聖克魯斯省的水力發電水霸的人士指,項目在沒有與原住民社區取得共識和沒有正式環境影響評估的情況下進行…


要確保項目可持續發展,其中一環是要讓最受影響的社區有機會就如何設計和落實項目發聲。這需要保持項目和風險評估的透明度,及從不同的持份者取得有意義的意見。這也需要向人們展示他們的顧慮會被慎重處理,以及問題曝光後被公平有效地解決… 面對違反人權風險的人士一定要得到一個讓他們提出要求保障權利和減低潛在損害和風險的平台… [文章亦有提及國家開發銀行]

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Author: 全球发展政策研究中心(美国)

"GDP中心「一带一路」课题研究最新成果", 2019年4月25日



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Author: 全球發展政策研究中心(美國)

"GDP中心「一帶一路」課題研究最新成果", 2019年4月25日

...第二屆「一帶一路」論壇正於北京舉行,為各國領導人討論「一帶一路」倡議下的進一步合作提供了平台。 「一帶一路」倡議為全球發展問題提供了關鍵性的資源,而充分利用好這些資源需要相關各方的有效溝通,以確保這些資源的利用符合可持續發展目標(SDGs)。


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29 April 2019

Global Development Policy Centre releases new studies on the potential impacts of China's Belt and Road Initiative

Author: Global Development Policy Centre (US)

"New GDP Center Research on China’s Belt & Road Initiative", 25 April 2019

... China hosts the second Belt and Road Forum in Beijing where world leaders convene to discuss further cooperation on China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). While the BRI provides critical resources to bridge development gaps across the world, realizing the full benefits of these resources will require significant engagement with a broader mix of stakeholders, and a calibration to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

New studies and an interactive dataset from the GDP Center’s Global China Initiative (GCI), released today, aim to contribute to a broader understanding of the BRI and its potential impacts.

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