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Labour Rights

The latest news on labour rights and our work on supporting and advancing the labour rights demands of workers in global supply chains.

Workers depend on independent trade unions and collective organising to protect their rights because existing resolution mechanisms in Cambodia do not work effectively. With effective and strong independent unions, workers enjoy better working conditions and wages as well as being able to draw attention from authorities, suppliers and brands to listen when issues arise and engage in a resolution process. Without unions’ voice, workers are powerless.
Yang Sophorn, President of the Cambodian Alliance of Trade Unions

Global inequalities in power allow the profit maximisation model of businesses to shape a global economy that prioritises profit over people. The dominance of this model facilitates various forms of exploitation including poverty wages, discrimination and violence, crackdowns on trade unions and collective organising, rising precarity of work, and lack of social protections. This labour exploitation and the relationship with lead brands and retailers is often obscured by the complex and opaque network of global supply chains.

This Big Issue area collects the latest news on labour rights issues in global supply chains, as well as our work to support and advance the labour rights demands of workers and the organisations representing them.

In December 2021 we published a Tea Transparency Tracker, the first tool of its kind for the industry, building upon lessons and tools on supply chain transparency in the fashion industry. It directly links companies to the tea plantations they source from, allowing workers and consumers alike to know where the tea goes. However, many companies are still choosing to hide supply chain lists, effectively allowing dangerous and exploitative working conditions to remain concealed.

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated existing inequalities for workers in supply chains, with migrant workers especially vulnerable. Our work on the COVID-19 apparel action tracker, brief on union busting and report on wage theft in apparel supply chains has analysed the impact of company actions on workers during the pandemic and reveals a stark gap between human rights policy and practice.

Our 275 apparel company dashboards provide labour rights advocates and unions easy-to-access information about company performance and actions in protecting and respecting the rights of garment workers in their supply chains.  

Our other work includes strengthening corporate transparency and accountability for migrant rights in the construction and hospitality sectors in Qatar and the UAE; engaging brands and others on Syrian refugees in Turkish garment factories; and leading the development of the KnowTheChain benchmarks, alongside the project partners with Humanity United, Verité, and Sustainalytics.

Boiling point: Strengthening corporate accountability in the tea industry

The Resource Centre used its Tea Transparency Tracker and data held by Open Supply Hub to link 70 public allegations of human rights abuse identified in 2022 at the supplier level to 16 tea buyers. These include allegations from estates and factories in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Kenya and Uganda, concerning violations in relation to: the right to freedom of association, health and safety, wages, benefits and living standards.

Featured Content

Engagement, remedy & justice: Priorities for the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive from workers in the Global South

A briefing outlining how the EU's new human rights due diligence law can promote the rights and needs of workers in EU supply chains

Myanmar garment worker allegations tracker

Myanmar’s military illegally seized power on 1 February 2021. Through collaboration with partners and allies inside and outside Myanmar, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre is monitoring the significant increase in labour and human rights abuses of garment workers across the country since the military takeover.

Unpicked: Fashion & Freedom of Association

We interviewed 24 trade union leaders and surveyed 124 union activists and labour advocates in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia and Sri Lanka on freedom of association during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nearly two thirds (61%) said the situation for freedom of association and collective bargaining has “got worse” since the pandemic.

Unbearable Harassment

Garment worker abuse in India’s factories has intensified due to fashion brands’ response to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new report from the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, Asia Floor Wage Alliance and Society for Labour & Development.

Apparel Company Dashboards

Company pages for 275 global fashion companies providing easy-to-access information about company performance and actions in protecting and respecting the rights of garment workers in their supply chains.

COVID-19 Apparel Action Tracker

Monitoring garment industry responses, government actions and workers’ demands during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Gig Economy

Human rights implications and legal and policy rights protection frameworks for gig economy workers


A resource for companies and investors to address forced labor in global supply chains.

Trade and corporate accountability

News and analysis covering the overlap between international trade agreements and labour abuse