Displacement - an introduction

Below are select introductory materials on business and displacement.  Further reports from a wide range of sources are in the "Displacement" section of our site.


Key international standards

Universal Declaration of Human Rights: articles 17(2) and 25(1)

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: articles 7.1(d) and 7.2(d)

Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, Addendum to a report to the UN Commission on Human Rights by UN Special Representative on internally displaced people, Francis Deng (1998)

See also additional standards on the right to housing


Key reports & guidance

“Business and Development: Making Displacement Work for Everyone”, Shankar Venkateswaran, SustainAbility, March 2009


Concerns, company responses & non-responses

The Resource Centre invites companies to respond to allegations of misconduct.  Below are examples of allegations and company responses regarding displacement. We also indicate when a company has not responded.

Brazil: Barra Grande dam: Terra de Direitos and Movimento dos Atingidos por Barragens file OECD Guidelines complaint raising social & environmental concerns, Jun 2005.  Response from Alcoa, BAESA.

Burma: Construction of Myitsone dam (China Power Investment, Burmese Govt.) begins - concerns of extortion & abuse of villagers by army, Feb 2008. No response received from China Power Investment.

Burma: Kachin Development Networking Group calls for stop to Irrawaddy dam project (joint venture between China Power Investment, Asia World Company and the State Peace and Development Council of the Burmese military government), due to major human rights, environmental impacts, Nov 2009.  Asia World Company response.  No response from China Power Investment.

Cambodia: 7NG Construction forcibly evicts 152 families from Dey Krahorm, Phnom Penh, Mar 2009. No response received from 7NG.

Colombia: Colombia Solidarity Campaign submission to UK Parliament Joint Committee on Human Rights alleges negative impacts on the Mandé Norte/Murindó mining project on indigenous people, Jul 2009.  Muriel Mining response.

Ghana: Public Eye Awards name Newmont "2009 Worst Company" over proposed mining project that critics say would displace thousands, pollute soil & rivers, Feb 2009.  Newmont response.

Ghana: NGOs say mining companies have impeded food production, led to serious human rights abuses by the military, Jun 2008.  AngloGold Ashanti response.  No response received from Newmont, Golden Star, Redback Mining.

Ghana: NGO makes several allegations against AngloGold Ashanti, including pollution; intimidation of villagers and displacement by govt. security forces. Aug 2009.  AngloGold Ashanti response. 

India: Coal India allegedly failing to address dangerous subsidence, & using mining techniques that encourage increased hazardous illegal mining, Jan-Feb 2009.  Coal India response.

India: Report by former World Bank advisor Robert Goodland raises serious human rights & environmental concerns about Utkal bauxite & alumina project, Apr 2007.  No response received from Hindalco (Aditya Birla).

India: Report on police beatings of Uttar Pradesh villagers who were protesting their displacement by planned Reliance Energy plant, Aug 2006.  Reliance Energy response.

India: Residents oppose proposed Utkal bauxite mining & alumina refinery project over environmental, displacement concerns, Apr 2005.  Alcan response.

Indonesia: Friends of the Earth calls on major banks to withhold further loans from Lapindo Brantas gas project (owned by companies including Energi Mega Persada) until it compensates people displaced by Sidoarjo mud volcano disaster, Jul 2007.  Response from Barclay, Credit Suisse, Fortis, Santos.  No response received from Energi Mega Persada, Medco Energi, Merrill Lynch, Natixis.

Madagascar: Panos/Friends of the Earth report raises displacement, poverty & environmental concerns regarding Rio Tinto mine, Oct 2007.  Rio Tinto response.

Mexico: Allegations that Minefinders' subsidiary Minera Dolores pollutes water sources, displaces local communities – includes NGO ProDesc reply to the company, Jul 2008.  Minefinders response.

Nigeria: Nigerian Agip Oil Company involved in house demolitions to clear land for new facilities, local residents allege, Apr 2006.  Nigerian Agip Oil Company (joint venture Nigerian National Petroleum, ENI, ConocoPhillips) response.

Panama: Cultural Survival says AES dams will harm Ngobe people - "unscrupulous techniques" used to move them, Feb 2008.  No response received from AES.

Papua New Guinea: Alleged forced evictions and housing demolition by police at Barrick's Porgera site, Jun-Jul 2009.  Barrick Gold response.

Philippines: Commission on Human Rights calls for further investigation into alleged housing demolitions & other abuses at OceanaGold Didipio site, Nov 2009.  OceanaGold response.

Peru: Minera Volcán accused of "crimes" against the life and health of residents of Cerro Pasco, including house destructions, May 2008.  No response received from Minera Volcán.

South Africa: Case study examines Anglo Platinum's changing strategies to address displacement & resettlement at Mogalakwena mine following investigation by So. African Human Rights Commission, Nov 2009.  Anglo Platinum response.

Sudan: UN Special Rapporteur on adequate housing concerned about forced evictions & other abuses related to the Merowe dam project, Aug 2007.  Response from Alstom, Harbin, Lahmeyer.

Sudan: International Rivers Network & Corner House say Merowe Dam will displace thousands, May 2005.  Response from ABB, Lahmeyer.  No response received from Alstom.

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